C Specification

To create a swapchain, call:

// Provided by VK_KHR_swapchain
VkResult vkCreateSwapchainKHR(
    VkDevice                                    device,
    const VkSwapchainCreateInfoKHR*             pCreateInfo,
    const VkAllocationCallbacks*                pAllocator,
    VkSwapchainKHR*                             pSwapchain);

Parameters

  • device is the device to create the swapchain for.

  • pCreateInfo is a pointer to a VkSwapchainCreateInfoKHR structure specifying the parameters of the created swapchain.

  • pAllocator is the allocator used for host memory allocated for the swapchain object when there is no more specific allocator available (see Memory Allocation).

  • pSwapchain is a pointer to a VkSwapchainKHR handle in which the created swapchain object will be returned.

Description

As mentioned above, if vkCreateSwapchainKHR succeeds, it will return a handle to a swapchain containing an array of at least pCreateInfo->minImageCount presentable images.

While acquired by the application, presentable images can be used in any way that equivalent non-presentable images can be used. A presentable image is equivalent to a non-presentable image created with the following VkImageCreateInfo parameters:

VkImageCreateInfo Field Value

flags

VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPLIT_INSTANCE_BIND_REGIONS_BIT is set if VK_SWAPCHAIN_CREATE_SPLIT_INSTANCE_BIND_REGIONS_BIT_KHR is set

VK_IMAGE_CREATE_PROTECTED_BIT is set if VK_SWAPCHAIN_CREATE_PROTECTED_BIT_KHR is set

VK_IMAGE_CREATE_MUTABLE_FORMAT_BIT and VK_IMAGE_CREATE_EXTENDED_USAGE_BIT_KHR are both set if VK_SWAPCHAIN_CREATE_MUTABLE_FORMAT_BIT_KHR is set

all other bits are unset

imageType

VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D

format

pCreateInfo->imageFormat

extent

{pCreateInfo->imageExtent.width, pCreateInfo->imageExtent.height, 1}

mipLevels

1

arrayLayers

pCreateInfo->imageArrayLayers

samples

VK_SAMPLE_COUNT_1_BIT

tiling

VK_IMAGE_TILING_OPTIMAL

usage

pCreateInfo->imageUsage

sharingMode

pCreateInfo->imageSharingMode

queueFamilyIndexCount

pCreateInfo->queueFamilyIndexCount

pQueueFamilyIndices

pCreateInfo->pQueueFamilyIndices

initialLayout

VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_UNDEFINED

The pCreateInfo->surface must not be destroyed until after the swapchain is destroyed.

If pCreateInfo->oldSwapchain is VK_NULL_HANDLE, and the native window referred to by pCreateInfo->surface is already associated with a Vulkan swapchain, VK_ERROR_NATIVE_WINDOW_IN_USE_KHR must be returned.

If the native window referred to by pCreateInfo->surface is already associated with a non-Vulkan graphics API surface, VK_ERROR_NATIVE_WINDOW_IN_USE_KHR must be returned.

The native window referred to by pCreateInfo->surface must not become associated with a non-Vulkan graphics API surface before all associated Vulkan swapchains have been destroyed.

vkCreateSwapchainKHR will return VK_ERROR_DEVICE_LOST if the logical device was lost. The VkSwapchainKHR is a child of the device, and must be destroyed before the device. However, VkSurfaceKHR is not a child of any VkDevice and is not affected by the lost device. After successfully recreating a VkDevice, the same VkSurfaceKHR can be used to create a new VkSwapchainKHR, provided the previous one was destroyed.

If the oldSwapchain parameter of pCreateInfo is a valid swapchain, which has exclusive full-screen access, that access is released from pCreateInfo->oldSwapchain. If the command succeeds in this case, the newly created swapchain will automatically acquire exclusive full-screen access from pCreateInfo->oldSwapchain.

Note

This implicit transfer is intended to avoid exiting and entering full-screen exclusive mode, which may otherwise cause unwanted visual updates to the display.

In some cases, swapchain creation may fail if exclusive full-screen mode is requested for application control, but for some implementation-specific reason exclusive full-screen access is unavailable for the particular combination of parameters provided. If this occurs, VK_ERROR_INITIALIZATION_FAILED will be returned.

Note

In particular, it will fail if the imageExtent member of pCreateInfo does not match the extents of the monitor. Other reasons for failure may include the app not being set as high-dpi aware, or if the physical device and monitor are not compatible in this mode.

When the VkSurfaceKHR in VkSwapchainCreateInfoKHR is a display surface, then the VkDisplayModeKHR in display surface’s VkDisplaySurfaceCreateInfoKHR is associated with a particular VkDisplayKHR. Swapchain creation may fail if that VkDisplayKHR is not acquired by the application. In this scenario VK_ERROR_INITIALIZATION_FAILED is returned.

Valid Usage (Implicit)
  • VUID-vkCreateSwapchainKHR-device-parameter
    device must be a valid VkDevice handle

  • VUID-vkCreateSwapchainKHR-pCreateInfo-parameter
    pCreateInfo must be a valid pointer to a valid VkSwapchainCreateInfoKHR structure

  • VUID-vkCreateSwapchainKHR-pAllocator-parameter
    If pAllocator is not NULL, pAllocator must be a valid pointer to a valid VkAllocationCallbacks structure

  • VUID-vkCreateSwapchainKHR-pSwapchain-parameter
    pSwapchain must be a valid pointer to a VkSwapchainKHR handle

Host Synchronization
  • Host access to pCreateInfo->surface must be externally synchronized

  • Host access to pCreateInfo->oldSwapchain must be externally synchronized

Return Codes
On success, this command returns
  • VK_SUCCESS

On failure, this command returns
  • VK_ERROR_OUT_OF_HOST_MEMORY

  • VK_ERROR_OUT_OF_DEVICE_MEMORY

  • VK_ERROR_DEVICE_LOST

  • VK_ERROR_SURFACE_LOST_KHR

  • VK_ERROR_NATIVE_WINDOW_IN_USE_KHR

  • VK_ERROR_INITIALIZATION_FAILED

  • VK_ERROR_COMPRESSION_EXHAUSTED_EXT

See Also

Document Notes

For more information, see the Vulkan Specification

This page is extracted from the Vulkan Specification. Fixes and changes should be made to the Specification, not directly.

Copyright 2014-2022 The Khronos Group Inc.

SPDX-License-Identifier: CC-BY-4.0