C Specification

To dispatch ray tracing, with some parameters sourced on the device, use:

// Provided by VK_KHR_ray_tracing_pipeline
void vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR(
    VkCommandBuffer                             commandBuffer,
    const VkStridedDeviceAddressRegionKHR*      pRaygenShaderBindingTable,
    const VkStridedDeviceAddressRegionKHR*      pMissShaderBindingTable,
    const VkStridedDeviceAddressRegionKHR*      pHitShaderBindingTable,
    const VkStridedDeviceAddressRegionKHR*      pCallableShaderBindingTable,
    VkDeviceAddress                             indirectDeviceAddress);

Parameters

Description

vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR behaves similarly to vkCmdTraceRaysKHR except that the ray trace query dimensions are read by the device from indirectDeviceAddress during execution.

Valid Usage
  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-magFilter-04553
    If a VkSampler created with magFilter or minFilter equal to VK_FILTER_LINEAR and compareEnable equal to VK_FALSE is used to sample a VkImageView as a result of this command, then the image view’s format features must contain VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_SAMPLED_IMAGE_FILTER_LINEAR_BIT

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-mipmapMode-04770
    If a VkSampler created with mipmapMode equal to VK_SAMPLER_MIPMAP_MODE_LINEAR and compareEnable equal to VK_FALSE is used to sample a VkImageView as a result of this command, then the image view’s format features must contain VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_SAMPLED_IMAGE_FILTER_LINEAR_BIT

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-02691
    If a VkImageView is accessed using atomic operations as a result of this command, then the image view’s format features must contain VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_STORAGE_IMAGE_ATOMIC_BIT

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-02692
    If a VkImageView is sampled with VK_FILTER_CUBIC_EXT as a result of this command, then the image view’s format features must contain VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_SAMPLED_IMAGE_FILTER_CUBIC_BIT_EXT

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-filterCubic-02694
    Any VkImageView being sampled with VK_FILTER_CUBIC_EXT as a result of this command must have a VkImageViewType and format that supports cubic filtering, as specified by VkFilterCubicImageViewImageFormatPropertiesEXT::filterCubic returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceImageFormatProperties2

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-filterCubicMinmax-02695
    Any VkImageView being sampled with VK_FILTER_CUBIC_EXT with a reduction mode of either VK_SAMPLER_REDUCTION_MODE_MIN or VK_SAMPLER_REDUCTION_MODE_MAX as a result of this command must have a VkImageViewType and format that supports cubic filtering together with minmax filtering, as specified by VkFilterCubicImageViewImageFormatPropertiesEXT::filterCubicMinmax returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceImageFormatProperties2

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-flags-02696
    Any VkImage created with a VkImageCreateInfo::flags containing VK_IMAGE_CREATE_CORNER_SAMPLED_BIT_NV sampled as a result of this command must only be sampled using a VkSamplerAddressMode of VK_SAMPLER_ADDRESS_MODE_CLAMP_TO_EDGE

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-02697
    For each set n that is statically used by the VkPipeline bound to the pipeline bind point used by this command, a descriptor set must have been bound to n at the same pipeline bind point, with a VkPipelineLayout that is compatible for set n, with the VkPipelineLayout used to create the current VkPipeline, as described in [descriptorsets-compatibility]

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-02698
    For each push constant that is statically used by the VkPipeline bound to the pipeline bind point used by this command, a push constant value must have been set for the same pipeline bind point, with a VkPipelineLayout that is compatible for push constants, with the VkPipelineLayout used to create the current VkPipeline, as described in [descriptorsets-compatibility]

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-02699
    Descriptors in each bound descriptor set, specified via vkCmdBindDescriptorSets, must be valid if they are statically used by the VkPipeline bound to the pipeline bind point used by this command

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-02700
    A valid pipeline must be bound to the pipeline bind point used by this command

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-commandBuffer-02701
    If the VkPipeline object bound to the pipeline bind point used by this command requires any dynamic state, that state must have been set or inherited (if the [VK_NV_inherited_viewport_scissor] extension is enabled) for commandBuffer, and done so after any previously bound pipeline with the corresponding state not specified as dynamic

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-02859
    There must not have been any calls to dynamic state setting commands for any state not specified as dynamic in the VkPipeline object bound to the pipeline bind point used by this command, since that pipeline was bound

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-02702
    If the VkPipeline object bound to the pipeline bind point used by this command accesses a VkSampler object that uses unnormalized coordinates, that sampler must not be used to sample from any VkImage with a VkImageView of the type VK_IMAGE_VIEW_TYPE_3D, VK_IMAGE_VIEW_TYPE_CUBE, VK_IMAGE_VIEW_TYPE_1D_ARRAY, VK_IMAGE_VIEW_TYPE_2D_ARRAY or VK_IMAGE_VIEW_TYPE_CUBE_ARRAY, in any shader stage

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-02703
    If the VkPipeline object bound to the pipeline bind point used by this command accesses a VkSampler object that uses unnormalized coordinates, that sampler must not be used with any of the SPIR-V OpImageSample* or OpImageSparseSample* instructions with ImplicitLod, Dref or Proj in their name, in any shader stage

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-02704
    If the VkPipeline object bound to the pipeline bind point used by this command accesses a VkSampler object that uses unnormalized coordinates, that sampler must not be used with any of the SPIR-V OpImageSample* or OpImageSparseSample* instructions that includes a LOD bias or any offset values, in any shader stage

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-02705
    If the robust buffer access feature is not enabled, and if the VkPipeline object bound to the pipeline bind point used by this command accesses a uniform buffer, it must not access values outside of the range of the buffer as specified in the descriptor set bound to the same pipeline bind point

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-02706
    If the robust buffer access feature is not enabled, and if the VkPipeline object bound to the pipeline bind point used by this command accesses a storage buffer, it must not access values outside of the range of the buffer as specified in the descriptor set bound to the same pipeline bind point

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-commandBuffer-02707
    If commandBuffer is an unprotected command buffer, any resource accessed by the VkPipeline object bound to the pipeline bind point used by this command must not be a protected resource

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-04115
    If a VkImageView is accessed using OpImageWrite as a result of this command, then the Type of the Texel operand of that instruction must have at least as many components as the image view’s format

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-OpImageWrite-04469
    If a VkBufferView is accessed using OpImageWrite as a result of this command, then the Type of the Texel operand of that instruction must have at least as many components as the buffer view’s format

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-SampledType-04470
    If a VkImageView with a VkFormat that has a 64-bit channel width is accessed as a result of this command, the SampledType of the OpTypeImage operand of that instruction must have a Width of 64

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-SampledType-04471
    If a VkImageView with a VkFormat that has a channel width less than 64-bit is accessed as a result of this command, the SampledType of the OpTypeImage operand of that instruction must have a Width of 32

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-SampledType-04472
    If a VkBufferView with a VkFormat that has a 64-bit channel width is accessed as a result of this command, the SampledType of the OpTypeImage operand of that instruction must have a Width of 64

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-SampledType-04473
    If a VkBufferView with a VkFormat that has a channel width less than 64-bit is accessed as a result of this command, the SampledType of the OpTypeImage operand of that instruction must have a Width of 32

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-sparseImageInt64Atomics-04474
    If the sparseImageInt64Atomics feature is not enabled, VkImage objects created with the VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPARSE_RESIDENCY_BIT flag must not be accessed by atomic instructions through an OpTypeImage with a SampledType with a Width of 64 by this command

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-sparseImageInt64Atomics-04475
    If the sparseImageInt64Atomics feature is not enabled, VkBuffer objects created with the VK_BUFFER_CREATE_SPARSE_RESIDENCY_BIT flag must not be accessed by atomic instructions through an OpTypeImage with a SampledType with a Width of 64 by this command

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-None-03429
    Any shader group handle referenced by this call must have been queried from the currently bound ray tracing pipeline

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-maxPipelineRayRecursionDepth-03679
    This command must not cause a shader call instruction to be executed from a shader invocation with a recursion depth greater than the value of maxPipelineRayRecursionDepth used to create the bound ray tracing pipeline

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pRayGenShaderBindingTable-03680
    If the buffer from which pRayGenShaderBindingTable->deviceAddress was queried is non-sparse then it must be bound completely and contiguously to a single VkDeviceMemory object

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pRayGenShaderBindingTable-03681
    The buffer from which the pRayGenShaderBindingTable->deviceAddress is queried must have been created with the VK_BUFFER_USAGE_SHADER_BINDING_TABLE_BIT_KHR usage flag

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pRayGenShaderBindingTable-03682
    pRayGenShaderBindingTable->deviceAddress must be a multiple of VkPhysicalDeviceRayTracingPipelinePropertiesKHR::shaderGroupBaseAlignment

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-size-04023
    The size member of pRayGenShaderBindingTable must be equal to its stride member

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pMissShaderBindingTable-03683
    If the buffer from which pMissShaderBindingTable->deviceAddress was queried is non-sparse then it must be bound completely and contiguously to a single VkDeviceMemory object

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pMissShaderBindingTable-03684
    The buffer from which the pMissShaderBindingTable->deviceAddress is queried must have been created with the VK_BUFFER_USAGE_SHADER_BINDING_TABLE_BIT_KHR usage flag

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pMissShaderBindingTable-03685
    pMissShaderBindingTable->deviceAddress must be a multiple of VkPhysicalDeviceRayTracingPipelinePropertiesKHR::shaderGroupBaseAlignment

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-stride-03686
    The stride member of pMissShaderBindingTable must be a multiple of VkPhysicalDeviceRayTracingPipelinePropertiesKHR::shaderGroupHandleAlignment

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-stride-04029
    The stride member of pMissShaderBindingTable must be less than or equal to VkPhysicalDeviceRayTracingPipelinePropertiesKHR::maxShaderGroupStride

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pHitShaderBindingTable-03687
    If the buffer from which pHitShaderBindingTable->deviceAddress was queried is non-sparse then it must be bound completely and contiguously to a single VkDeviceMemory object

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pHitShaderBindingTable-03688
    The buffer from which the pHitShaderBindingTable->deviceAddress is queried must have been created with the VK_BUFFER_USAGE_SHADER_BINDING_TABLE_BIT_KHR usage flag

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pHitShaderBindingTable-03689
    pHitShaderBindingTable->deviceAddress must be a multiple of VkPhysicalDeviceRayTracingPipelinePropertiesKHR::shaderGroupBaseAlignment

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-stride-03690
    The stride member of pHitShaderBindingTable must be a multiple of VkPhysicalDeviceRayTracingPipelinePropertiesKHR::shaderGroupHandleAlignment

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-stride-04035
    The stride member of pHitShaderBindingTable must be less than or equal to VkPhysicalDeviceRayTracingPipelinePropertiesKHR::maxShaderGroupStride

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pCallableShaderBindingTable-03691
    If the buffer from which pCallableShaderBindingTable->deviceAddress was queried is non-sparse then it must be bound completely and contiguously to a single VkDeviceMemory object

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pCallableShaderBindingTable-03692
    The buffer from which the pCallableShaderBindingTable->deviceAddress is queried must have been created with the VK_BUFFER_USAGE_SHADER_BINDING_TABLE_BIT_KHR usage flag

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pCallableShaderBindingTable-03693
    pCallableShaderBindingTable->deviceAddress must be a multiple of VkPhysicalDeviceRayTracingPipelinePropertiesKHR::shaderGroupBaseAlignment

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-stride-03694
    The stride member of pCallableShaderBindingTable must be a multiple of VkPhysicalDeviceRayTracingPipelinePropertiesKHR::shaderGroupHandleAlignment

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-stride-04041
    The stride member of pCallableShaderBindingTable must be less than or equal to VkPhysicalDeviceRayTracingPipelinePropertiesKHR::maxShaderGroupStride

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-flags-03696
    If the currently bound ray tracing pipeline was created with flags that included VK_PIPELINE_CREATE_RAY_TRACING_NO_NULL_CLOSEST_HIT_SHADERS_BIT_KHR, the deviceAddress member of pHitShaderBindingTable must not be zero

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-flags-03697
    If the currently bound ray tracing pipeline was created with flags that included VK_PIPELINE_CREATE_RAY_TRACING_NO_NULL_INTERSECTION_SHADERS_BIT_KHR, the deviceAddress member of pHitShaderBindingTable must not be zero

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-flags-03511
    If the currently bound ray tracing pipeline was created with flags that included VK_PIPELINE_CREATE_RAY_TRACING_NO_NULL_MISS_SHADERS_BIT_KHR, the shader group handle identified by pMissShaderBindingTable must not be set to zero

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-flags-03512
    If the currently bound ray tracing pipeline was created with flags that included VK_PIPELINE_CREATE_RAY_TRACING_NO_NULL_ANY_HIT_SHADERS_BIT_KHR, entries in pHitShaderBindingTable accessed as a result of this command in order to execute an any-hit shader must not be set to zero

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-flags-03513
    If the currently bound ray tracing pipeline was created with flags that included VK_PIPELINE_CREATE_RAY_TRACING_NO_NULL_CLOSEST_HIT_SHADERS_BIT_KHR, entries in pHitShaderBindingTable accessed as a result of this command in order to execute a closest hit shader must not be set to zero

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-flags-03514
    If the currently bound ray tracing pipeline was created with flags that included VK_PIPELINE_CREATE_RAY_TRACING_NO_NULL_INTERSECTION_SHADERS_BIT_KHR, entries in pHitShaderBindingTable accessed as a result of this command in order to execute an intersection shader must not be set to zero

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pHitShaderBindingTable-04735
    Any non-zero hit shader group entries in pHitShaderBindingTable accessed by this call from a geometry with a geometryType of VK_GEOMETRY_TYPE_TRIANGLES_KHR must have been created with VK_RAY_TRACING_SHADER_GROUP_TYPE_TRIANGLES_HIT_GROUP_KHR

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pHitShaderBindingTable-04736
    Any non-zero hit shader group entries in pHitShaderBindingTable accessed by this call from a geometry with a geometryType of VK_GEOMETRY_TYPE_AABBS_KHR must have been created with VK_RAY_TRACING_SHADER_GROUP_TYPE_PROCEDURAL_HIT_GROUP_KHR

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-indirectDeviceAddress-03632
    If the buffer from which indirectDeviceAddress was queried is non-sparse then it must be bound completely and contiguously to a single VkDeviceMemory object

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-indirectDeviceAddress-03633
    The buffer from which indirectDeviceAddress was queried must have been created with the VK_BUFFER_USAGE_INDIRECT_BUFFER_BIT bit set

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-indirectDeviceAddress-03634
    indirectDeviceAddress must be a multiple of 4

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-commandBuffer-03635
    commandBuffer must not be a protected command buffer

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-indirectDeviceAddress-03636
    All device addresses between indirectDeviceAddress and indirectDeviceAddress + sizeof(VkTraceRaysIndirectCommandKHR) - 1 must be in the buffer device address range of the same buffer

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-rayTracingPipelineTraceRaysIndirect-03637
    The VkPhysicalDeviceRayTracingPipelineFeaturesKHR::rayTracingPipelineTraceRaysIndirect feature must be enabled

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-rayTracingMotionBlurPipelineTraceRaysIndirect-04951
    If the bound ray tracing pipeline was created with VK_PIPELINE_CREATE_RAY_TRACING_ALLOW_MOTION_BIT_NV VkPhysicalDeviceRayTracingMotionBlurFeaturesNV::rayTracingMotionBlurPipelineTraceRaysIndirect feature must be enabled

Valid Usage (Implicit)
  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-commandBuffer-parameter
    commandBuffer must be a valid VkCommandBuffer handle

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pRaygenShaderBindingTable-parameter
    pRaygenShaderBindingTable must be a valid pointer to a valid VkStridedDeviceAddressRegionKHR structure

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pMissShaderBindingTable-parameter
    pMissShaderBindingTable must be a valid pointer to a valid VkStridedDeviceAddressRegionKHR structure

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pHitShaderBindingTable-parameter
    pHitShaderBindingTable must be a valid pointer to a valid VkStridedDeviceAddressRegionKHR structure

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-pCallableShaderBindingTable-parameter
    pCallableShaderBindingTable must be a valid pointer to a valid VkStridedDeviceAddressRegionKHR structure

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-commandBuffer-recording
    commandBuffer must be in the recording state

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-commandBuffer-cmdpool
    The VkCommandPool that commandBuffer was allocated from must support compute operations

  • VUID-vkCmdTraceRaysIndirectKHR-renderpass
    This command must only be called outside of a render pass instance

Host Synchronization
  • Host access to commandBuffer must be externally synchronized

  • Host access to the VkCommandPool that commandBuffer was allocated from must be externally synchronized

Command Properties
Command Buffer Levels Render Pass Scope Supported Queue Types

Primary
Secondary

Outside

Compute

See Also

Document Notes

For more information, see the Vulkan Specification

This page is extracted from the Vulkan Specification. Fixes and changes should be made to the Specification, not directly.

Copyright 2014-2021 The Khronos Group Inc.

SPDX-License-Identifier: CC-BY-4.0