pow, pown, powr, half_powr, native_powr

Compute x to the power of y.

gentype pow ( gentype x,
  gentype y)
floatn pown ( floatn  x ,
  intn  y )
float pown ( float  x ,
  int  y )
doublen pown ( doublen  x ,
  intn  y )
double pown ( double  x ,
  int  y )
gentype powr ( gentype x,
  gentype y)
gentype half_powr ( gentype x,
  gentype y)
gentype native_powr ( gentype x,
  gentype y)
halfn pown ( halfn  x ,
  intn  y )
half pown ( half  x ,
  int  y )

Description

pow Computes x to the power of y.

pown Computes x to the power of y, where y is an integer.

powr Computes x to the power of y, where x is ≥ 0.

half_powr Computes x to the power of y, where x is ≥ 0.

native_powr Computes x to the power of y, where x is ≥ 0. The range of x and y are implementation-defined. The maximum error is implementation-defined.

Notes

The built-in math functions are categorized into the following:

  • A list of built-in functions that have scalar or vector argument versions, and,
  • A list of built-in functions that only take scalar float arguments.

The vector versions of the math functions operate component-wise. The description is per-component.

The built-in math functions are not affected by the prevailing rounding mode in the calling environment, and always return the same value as they would if called with the round to nearest even rounding mode.

The built-in math functions take scalar or vector arguments. For any specific use of these function, the actual type has to be the same for all arguments and the return type unless otherwise specified.

The generic type name gentype is used to indicate that the function can take float, float2, float3, float4, float8, float16, double, double2, double3, double4, double8, or double16 as the type for the arguments.

If extended with cl_khr_fp16, generic type name gentype may indicate half and half{2|3|4|8|16} as arguments and return values.

The generic type name gentypef is used to indicate that the function can take float, float2, float3, float4, float8, or float16 as the type for the arguments.

The generic type name gentyped is used to indicate that the function can take double, double2, double3, double4, double8, or double16 as the type for the arguments.

Half and Native forms

A subset of Math functions (table 6.8) are defined with the half_ prefix. These functions are implemented with a minimum of 10-bits of accuracy i.e. an ULP value ≤ 8192 ulp.

A subset of Math functions (table 6.8) are defined with the native_ prefix. These functions may map to one or more native device instructions and will typically have better performance compared to the corresponding functions (without the native__ prefix). The accuracy (and in some cases the input range(s)) of these functions is implementation-defined.

For the half and native forms, we use the generic type name gentype to indicate that the functions (table 6.9) can take float, float2, float3, float4, float8 or float16 as the type for the arguments.

Support for denormal values is optional for half_ functions. The half_ functions may return any result allowed by section 7.5.3, even when -cl-denorms-are-zero (see section 5.8.4.2) is not in force. Support for denormal values is implementation-defined for native_ functions.

Specification

OpenCL Specification

Also see

Math Functions

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