cl_image_format

The image format descriptor structure is defined as:

typedef struct _cl_image_format { cl_channel_order image_channel_order; cl_channel_type image_channel_data_type; } cl_image_format;

Members

image_channel_order
Specifies the number of channels and the channel layout i.e. the memory layout in which channels are stored in the image. Valid values are described in the table below.
FormatDescription
CL_R, CL_Rx, or CL_A 
CL_INTENSITYThis format can only be used if channel data type = CL_UNORM_INT8, CL_UNORM_INT16, CL_SNORM_INT8, CL_SNORM_INT16, CL_HALF_FLOAT, or CL_FLOAT.
CL_LUMINANCEThis format can only be used if channel data type = CL_UNORM_INT8, CL_UNORM_INT16, CL_SNORM_INT8, CL_SNORM_INT16, CL_HALF_FLOAT, or CL_FLOAT.
CL_RG, CL_RGx, or CL_RA 
CL_RGB or CL_RGBxThis format can only be used if channel data type = CL_UNORM_SHORT_565, CL_UNORM_SHORT_555 or CL_UNORM_INT101010.
CL_RGBA
CL_ARGB, CL_BGRA.This format can only be used if channel data type = CL_UNORM_INT8, CL_SNORM_INT8, CL_SIGNED_INT8 or CL_UNSIGNED_INT8.

image_channel_data_type
Describes the size of the channel data type. The number of bits per element determined by the image_channel_data_type and image_channel_order must be a power of two. The list of supported values is described in the table below.
Image Channel Data TypeDescription
CL_SNORM_INT8Each channel component is a normalized signed 8-bit integer value.
CL_SNORM_INT16Each channel component is a normalized signed 16-bit integer value.
CL_UNORM_INT8Each channel component is a normalized unsigned 8-bit integer value.
CL_UNORM_INT16Each channel component is a normalized unsigned 16-bit integer value.
CL_UNORM_SHORT_565Represents a normalized 5-6-5 3-channel RGB image. The channel order must be CL_RGB or CL_RGBx.
CL_UNORM_SHORT_555Represents a normalized x-5-5-5 4-channel xRGB image. The channel order must be CL_RGB or CL_RGBx.
CL_UNORM_INT_101010Represents a normalized x-10-10-10 4-channel xRGB image. The channel order must be CL_RGB or CL_RGBx.
CL_SIGNED_INT8Each channel component is an unnormalized signed 8-bit integer value.
CL_SIGNED_INT16Each channel component is an unnormalized signed 16-bit integer value.
CL_SIGNED_INT32Each channel component is an unnormalized signed 32-bit integer value.
CL_UNSIGNED_INT8Each channel component is an unnormalized unsigned 8-bit integer value.
CL_UNSIGNED_INT16Each channel component is an unnormalized unsigned 16-bit integer value.
CL_UNSIGNED_INT32Each channel component is an unnormalized unsigned 32-bit integer value.
CL_HALF_FLOATEach channel component is a 16-bit half-float value.
CL_FLOATEach channel component is a single precision floating-point value.

Description

For example, to specify a normalized unsigned 8-bit / channel RGBA image:

          image_channel_order = CL_RGBA
          image_channel_data_type = CL_UNORM_INT8

image_channel_data_type values of CL_UNORM_SHORT_565, CL_UNORM_SHORT_555 and CL_UNORM_INT_101010 are special cases of packed image formats where the channels of each element are packed into a single unsigned short or unsigned int. For these special packed image formats, the channels are normally packed with the first channel in the most significant bits of the bitfield, and successive channels occupying progressively less significant locations. For CL_UNORM_SHORT_565, R is in bits 15:11, G is in bits 10:5 and B is in bits 4:0. For CL_UNORM_SHORT_555, bit 15 is undefined, R is in bits 14:10, G in bits 9:5 and B in bits 4:0. For CL_UNORM_INT_101010, bits 31:30 are undefined, R is in bits 29:20, G in bits 19:10 and B in bits 9:0.

OpenCL implementations must maintain the minimum precision specified by the number of bits in image_channel_data_type. If the image format specified by image_channel_order, and image_channel_data_type cannot be supported by the OpenCL implementation, then the call to clCreateImage will return a NULL memory object.

Specification

OpenCL Specification

Also see

cl_image_desc Image Descriptor, EXTENSION, clGetSupportedImageFormats, clCreateImage

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