Difference between revisions of "Example Code"

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(Example code index update.)
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This is a list of all of the example code used throughout the wiki.
 
This is a list of all of the example code used throughout the wiki.
  
== Program Introspection ==
+
== GLSL error testing ==
 +
{{main|OpenGL Shading Language#Error Checking}}
 +
 
 +
{{:Example/GLSL Shader Compile Error Testing}}
 +
 
 +
{{:Example/GLSL Program Link Error Testing}}
 +
 
 +
== GLSL full compile/link example ==
 +
 
 +
{{:Example/GLSL Full Compile Linking}}
 +
 
 +
== Program introspection ==
 
{{main|Program Introspection}}
 
{{main|Program Introspection}}
  

Revision as of 04:37, 22 January 2013

This is a list of all of the example code used throughout the wiki.

GLSL error testing

Shader compilation error checking.

GLuint shader = glCreateShader(...);

// Get strings for glShaderSource.
glShaderSource(shader, ...);

glCompileShader(shader);

GLint isCompiled = 0;
glGetShaderiv(shader, GL_COMPILE_STATUS, &isCompiled);
if(isCompiled == GL_FALSE)
{
	GLint maxLength = 0;
	glGetShaderiv(shader, GL_INFO_LOG_LENGTH, &maxLength);

	// The maxLength includes the NULL character
	std::vector<GLchar> errorLog(maxLength);
	glGetShaderInfoLog(shader, maxLength, &maxLength, &errorLog[0]);

	// Provide the infolog in whatever manor you deem best.
	// Exit with failure.
	glDeleteShader(shader); // Don't leak the shader.
	return;
}

// Shader compilation is successful.


Program Linking error checking.

GLuint program = glCreateProgram();

// Attach shaders as necessary.
glAttachShader(program, ...);
...

// Link the program.
glLinkProgram(program);

GLint isLinked = 0;
glGetProgramiv(program, GL_LINK_STATUS, &isLinked);
if (isLinked == GL_FALSE)
{
	GLint maxLength = 0;
	glGetProgramiv(program, GL_INFO_LOG_LENGTH, &maxLength);

	// The maxLength includes the NULL character
	std::vector<GLchar> infoLog(maxLength);
	glGetProgramInfoLog(program, maxLength, &maxLength, &infoLog[0]);

	// The program is useless now. So delete it.
	glDeleteProgram(program);

	// Provide the infolog in whatever manner you deem best.
	// Exit with failure.
	return;
}


GLSL full compile/link example

Full compile/link of a Vertex and Fragment Shader.

// Read our shaders into the appropriate buffers
std::string vertexSource = // Get source code for vertex shader.
std::string fragmentSource = // Get source code for fragment shader.

// Create an empty vertex shader handle
GLuint vertexShader = glCreateShader(GL_VERTEX_SHADER);

// Send the vertex shader source code to GL
// Note that std::string's .c_str is NULL character terminated.
const GLchar *source = (const GLchar *)vertexSource.c_str();
glShaderSource(vertexShader, 1, &source, 0);

// Compile the vertex shader
glCompileShader(vertexShader);

GLint isCompiled = 0;
glGetShaderiv(vertexShader, GL_COMPILE_STATUS, &isCompiled);
if(isCompiled == GL_FALSE)
{
	GLint maxLength = 0;
	glGetShaderiv(vertexShader, GL_INFO_LOG_LENGTH, &maxLength);

	// The maxLength includes the NULL character
	std::vector<GLchar> infoLog(maxLength);
	glGetShaderInfoLog(vertexShader, maxLength, &maxLength, &infoLog[0]);
	
	// We don't need the shader anymore.
	glDeleteShader(vertexShader);

	// Use the infoLog as you see fit.
	
	// In this simple program, we'll just leave
	return;
}

// Create an empty fragment shader handle
GLuint fragmentShader = glCreateShader(GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER);

// Send the fragment shader source code to GL
// Note that std::string's .c_str is NULL character terminated.
source = (const GLchar *)fragmentSource.c_str();
glShaderSource(fragmentShader, 1, &source, 0);

// Compile the fragment shader
glCompileShader(fragmentShader);

glGetShaderiv(fragmentShader, GL_COMPILE_STATUS, &isCompiled);
if (isCompiled == GL_FALSE)
{
	GLint maxLength = 0;
	glGetShaderiv(fragmentShader, GL_INFO_LOG_LENGTH, &maxLength);

	// The maxLength includes the NULL character
	std::vector<GLchar> infoLog(maxLength);
	glGetShaderInfoLog(fragmentShader, maxLength, &maxLength, &infoLog[0]);
	
	// We don't need the shader anymore.
	glDeleteShader(fragmentShader);
	// Either of them. Don't leak shaders.
	glDeleteShader(vertexShader);

	// Use the infoLog as you see fit.
	
	// In this simple program, we'll just leave
	return;
}

// Vertex and fragment shaders are successfully compiled.
// Now time to link them together into a program.
// Get a program object.
GLuint program = glCreateProgram();

// Attach our shaders to our program
glAttachShader(program, vertexShader);
glAttachShader(program, fragmentShader);

// Link our program
glLinkProgram(program);

// Note the different functions here: glGetProgram* instead of glGetShader*.
GLint isLinked = 0;
glGetProgramiv(program, GL_LINK_STATUS, (int *)&isLinked);
if (isLinked == GL_FALSE)
{
	GLint maxLength = 0;
	glGetProgramiv(program, GL_INFO_LOG_LENGTH, &maxLength);

	// The maxLength includes the NULL character
	std::vector<GLchar> infoLog(maxLength);
	glGetProgramInfoLog(program, maxLength, &maxLength, &infoLog[0]);
	
	// We don't need the program anymore.
	glDeleteProgram(program);
	// Don't leak shaders either.
	glDeleteShader(vertexShader);
	glDeleteShader(fragmentShader);

	// Use the infoLog as you see fit.
	
	// In this simple program, we'll just leave
	return;
}

// Always detach shaders after a successful link.
glDetachShader(program, vertexShader);
glDetachShader(program, fragmentShader);

Program introspection

Iteration over all non-block uniform variables, fetching their names, types, and locations:

GLint numUniforms = 0;
glGetProgramInterfaceiv(prog, GL_UNIFORM, GL_ACTIVE_RESOURCES, &numUniforms);
const GLenum properties[4] = {GL_BLOCK_INDEX, GL_TYPE, GL_NAME_LENGTH, GL_LOCATION};

for(int unif = 0; unif < numUniforms; ++unif)
{
  GLint values[4];
  glGetProgramResourceiv(prog, GL_UNIFORM, unif, 4, properties, 4, NULL, values);

  // Skip any uniforms that are in a block.
  if(values[0] != -1)
    continue;

  // Get the name. Must use a std::vector rather than a std::string for C++03 standards issues.
  // C++11 would let you use a std::string directly.
  std::vector<char> nameData(values[2]);
  glGetProgramResourceName(prog, GL_UNIFORM, unif, nameData.size(), NULL, &nameData[0]);
  std::string name(nameData.begin(), nameData.end() - 1);
}


Iteration over all uniforms within each uniform block.

GLint numBlocks = 0;
glGetProgramInterfaceiv(prog, GL_UNIFORM_BLOCK, GL_ACTIVE_RESOURCES, &numBlocks);
const GLenum blockProperties[1] = {GL_NUM_ACTIVE_VARIABLES};
const GLenum activeUnifProp[1] = {GL_ACTIVE_VARIABLES};
const GLenum unifProperties[3] = {GL_NAME_LENGTH, GL_TYPE, GL_LOCATION};

for(int blockIx = 0; blockIx < numBlocks; ++blockIx)
{
  GLint numActiveUnifs = 0;
  glGetProgramResourceiv(prog, GL_UNIFORM_BLOCK, blockIx, 1, blockProperties, 1, NULL, &numActiveUnifs);

  if(!numActiveUnifs)
    continue;

  std::vector<GLint> blockUnifs(numActiveUnifs);
  glGetProgramResourceiv(prog, GL_UNIFORM_BLOCK, blockIx, 1, activeUnifProp, numActiveUnifs, NULL, &blockUnifs[0]);

  for(int unifIx = 0; unifIx < numActiveUnifs; ++unifIx)
  {
    GLint values[3];
    glGetProgramResourceiv(prog, GL_UNIFORM, blockUnifs[unifIx], 3, unifProperties, 3, NULL, values);

    // Get the name. Must use a std::vector rather than a std::string for C++03 standards issues.
    // C++11 would let you use a std::string directly.
    std::vector<char> nameData(values[0]);
    glGetProgramResourceName(prog, GL_UNIFORM, blockUnifs[unifIx], nameData.size(), NULL, &nameData[0]);
    std::string name(nameData.begin(), nameData.end() - 1);
  }
}