DOM guide: Using custom COLLADA data

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The COLLADA format has many locations where a user can store extra custom data. This data can be any well-formed XML. In the COLLADA DOM, this data is stored in objects of the domAny class.


If the dom* classes are considered "strongly-typed" element classes then the domAny class represents weakly typed elements. A weakly typed element, because it lacks associated type information, contains only string data.

Identifying domAny Elements

domAny elements, in COLLADA 1.4.1, occur only as children of domTechnique elements. The getElementType method returns a value of COLLADA_TYPE::ANY, which has an int value of 1. The method for identifying elements based on their _Meta type descriptor pointer does not work for domAny elements. Because of this, daeSafeCast does not work for casting daeElement objects to domAny. Instead, you can call daeElement::getElementType, which returns COLLADA_TYPE::ANY for domAny objects, and then do a normal cast to domAny. This is illustrated in the following code:

domAny* any = (element->getElementType() == COLLADA_TYPE::ANY) ? (domAny*)element : 0;
if (any) {
  // Do stuff with the domAny object

Accessing Data

The domAny class provides the following methods for accessing and manipulating its data:

  • To access a domAny's attribute data: getAttributeCount, getAttributeName, and getAttributeValue
  • To create new attributes and set existing ones: setAttribute
  • To remove an attribute: Currently there is no functionality to do this
  • To access and modify a domAny's value: getValue and setValue

The domAny class can have any number of domAny children.

Working With Custom Data

All locations in the COLLADA standard that allow for custom data can contain arbitrary XML elements, which are weakly typed, or COLLADA elements, which are strongly typed. When validating COLLADA data against the COLLADA schema, the weakly typed elements and their children are not validated. The strongly typed elements are still validated. This forces custom data to use element names that are different from the COLLADA element names.

  <technique profile="custom">
    <myFoo bar="true">
      <myBar>Woot Woot</myBar>
    <param type="float" name="value">15.0</param>

In this example, the elements <myFoo> and <myBar> are weakly typed and are not validated. The <param> element is validated as a COLLADA param element.

The COLLADA DOM deals with custom data in the same manner. The following object hierarchy shows how the previous example would be represented in the DOM:


The following sample code reads an <extra> element. It looks for the "custom" technique profile. For this example, the "custom" profile can contain any arbitrary XML structures but only COLLADA <param> strongly typed elements. As a COLLADA implementor, you are free to design and use any elements you would like in your own profile.

//extra is of type domExtra and was obtained from the Object Model in a normal manner.
unsigned int numTeqs = extra->getTechnique_array().getCount();
for ( unsigned int currTeq = 0; currTeq < numTeqs; ++currTeq )
  if ( strcmp( extra->getTechnique_array()[currTeq]->getProfile(), "custom" ) == 0 ) )
    domTechnique *teq = extra->getTechnique_array()[currTeq];
    unsigned int numChildren = teq->getContents().getCount();
    for( unsigned int currChild = 0; currChild < numChildren; ++currChild )
      if ( teq->getContents()[currChild]->getElementType() == COLLADA_TYPE::ANY )
        domAny *child = (domAny*)(daeElement*)teq->getContents()[currChild];
        printDomAny( child );
      else if ( teq->getContents()[currChild]->getElementType() == COLLADA_TYPE::PARAM )
        domParam *param = daeSafeCast<domParam>( teq->getContents()[currChild] );
        //use param element
        printf( "Error: Invalid element for profile custom" );
void printDomAny( domAny *anyElement, unsigned int indent = 0 )
  char *indentStr = new char[ indent + 1 ];
  indentStr[ 0 ] = '\0';
  for( unsigned int i = 0; i < indent; ++i )
    strcat( indentStr, "\t" );
  printf( "%sElement: %s\n", indentStr, anyElement->getElementName() );
  unsigned int numAttrs = anyElement->getAttributeCount();
  for ( unsigned int currAttr = 0; currAttr < numAttrs; ++currAttr )
    printf( "%s\tAttribute: %s has value: %s\n", indentStr, anyElement->getAttributeName( currAttr ),
            anyElement->getAttributeValue( currAttr ) );
  unsigned int numChildren = anyElement->getContents().getCount();
  for ( unsigned int currChild = 0; currChild < numChildren; ++currChild )
    printDomAny( anyElement->getContents()[currChild], indent + 1 );
  if ( anyAttr->getValue() != NULL )
    printf( "%sValue: %s\n", indentStr, anyElement->getValue() );
  delete []indentStr;

Here is sample code to programatically create the custom COLLADA shown earlier.

//currElement is any daeElement or subclass that allows for domExtra as a child.
domExtra *extra = daeSafeCast<domExtra>( currElement->createAndPlace( COLLADA_ELEMENT_EXTRA ) );
domTechnique *teq = daeSafeCast<domTechnique>( extra->createAndPlace( COLLADA_ELEMENT_TECHNIQUE ) );
teq->setProfile( "custom" );
domAny *myFoo = (domAny*)teq->createAndPlace( "myFoo" );
myFoo->setAttribute( "blah", "true" );
domAny *myBar = (domAny*)myFoo->createAndPlace( "myBar" );
myBar->setValue( "Woot Woot" );
domParam *param = daeSafeCast<domParam>( teq->createAndPlace( COLLADA_ELEMENT_PARAM ) );
param->setType( "float" );
param->setName( "value" );
param->setValue( "15.0" );

The domTechnique class is currently the only class in the COLLADA DOM that allows for domAny children (because the <technique> element in the COLLADA schema is the only element that allows for arbitrary XML). As you can see in the example, to create a domAny element, all you need to do is call createAndPlace, passing in the element name just like you would when dealing with normal COLLADA elements. The only difference is that, since the name is custom, the name passed as an argument does not have a COLLADA_ELEMENT_* constant defined. You are free to define your own constant strings for the names of your custom elements. For example:

const char* PROFILE_CUSTOM_MYFOO = "myFoo";
domAny *myFoo = (domAny*)teq->createAndPlace( PROFILE_CUSTOM_MYFOO );

COLLADA DOM - Version 2.4 Historical Reference
List of main articles under the DOM portal.
User Guide chapters:  • Intro  • Architecture  • Setting up  • Working with documents  • Creating docs  • Importing docs  • Representing elements  • Working with elements  • Resolving URIs  • Resolving SIDs  • Using custom COLLADA data  • Integration templates  • Error handling

Systems:  • URI resolver  • Meta  • Load/save flow  • Runtime database  • Memory • StringRef  • Code generator
Additional information:  • What's new  • Backward compatibility  • Future work
Terminology categories:  • COLLADA  • DOM  • XML