Khronos

WebGL

WebGL Specification

Editor's Draft 15 July 2014

This version:
https://www.khronos.org/registry/webgl/specs/latest/1.0/
WebIDL: https://www.khronos.org/registry/webgl/specs/latest/1.0/webgl.idl
Latest version:
https://www.khronos.org/registry/webgl/specs/latest/1.0/
WebIDL: https://www.khronos.org/registry/webgl/specs/latest/1.0/webgl.idl
Previous version:
https://www.khronos.org/registry/webgl/specs/1.0.2/
WebIDL: https://www.khronos.org/registry/webgl/specs/1.0.2/webgl.idl
Editor:
Dean Jackson (Apple Inc.)
Copyright © 2014 Khronos Group

Abstract

This specification describes an additional rendering context and support objects for the HTML 5 canvas element [CANVAS]. This context allows rendering using an API that conforms closely to the OpenGL ES 2.0 API.

Status of this document

This document is an editor's draft. Do not cite this document as other than work in progress. Public discussion of this specification is welcome on the (archived) WebGL mailing list public_webgl@khronos.org (see instructions).

Table of contents

Introduction

WebGL™ is an immediate mode 3D rendering API designed for the web. It is derived from OpenGL® ES 2.0, and provides similar rendering functionality, but in an HTML context. WebGL is designed as a rendering context for the HTML Canvas element. The HTML Canvas provides a destination for programmatic rendering in web pages, and allows for performing that rendering using different rendering APIs. The only such interface described as part of the Canvas specification is the 2D canvas rendering context, CanvasRenderingContext2D. This document describes another such interface, WebGLRenderingContext, which presents the WebGL API.

The immediate mode nature of the API is a divergence from most web APIs. Given the many use cases of 3D graphics, WebGL chooses the approach of providing flexible primitives that can be applied to any use case. Libraries can provide an API on top of WebGL that is more tailored to specific areas, thus adding a convenience layer to WebGL that can accelerate and simplify development. However, because of its OpenGL ES 2.0 heritage, it should be straightforward for developers familiar with modern desktop OpenGL or OpenGL ES 2.0 development to transition to WebGL development.

Conventions

Many functions described in this document contain links to OpenGL ES man pages. While every effort is made to make these pages match the OpenGL ES 2.0 specification [GLES20], they may contain errors. In the case of a contradiction, the OpenGL ES 2.0 specification is the final authority.

The remaining sections of this document are intended to be read in conjunction with the OpenGL ES 2.0 specification (2.0.25 at the time of this writing, available from the Khronos OpenGL ES API Registry). Unless otherwise specified, the behavior of each method is defined by the OpenGL ES 2.0 specification. This specification may diverge from OpenGL ES 2.0 in order to ensure interoperability or security, often defining areas that OpenGL ES 2.0 leaves implementation-defined. These differences are summarized in the Differences Between WebGL and OpenGL ES 2.0 section.

Context Creation and Drawing Buffer Presentation

Before using the WebGL API, the author must obtain a WebGLRenderingContext object for a given HTMLCanvasElement [CANVAS] as described below. This object is used to manage OpenGL state and render to the drawing buffer, which must be created at the time of context creation.

Context Creation

Each WebGLRenderingContext has an associated canvas, set upon creation, which is a canvas [CANVAS].

Each WebGLRenderingContext has context creation parameters, set upon creation, in a WebGLContextAttributes object.

Each WebGLRenderingContext has actual context parameters, set each time the drawing buffer is created, in a WebGLContextAttributes object.

Each WebGLRenderingContext has a webgl context lost flag, which is initially unset.

When the getContext() method of a canvas element is to return a new object for the contextId webgl [CANVASCONTEXTS], the user agent must perform the following steps:

  1. Create a new WebGLRenderingContext object, context.
  2. Let context's canvas be the canvas the getContext() method is associated with.
  3. Create a new WebGLContextAttributes object, contextAttributes.
  4. If getContext() was invoked with a second argument, options, set the attributes of contextAttributes from those specified in options.
  5. Create a drawing buffer using the settings specified in contextAttributes, and associate the drawing buffer with context.
  6. If drawing buffer creation failed, perform the following steps:
    1. Fire a WebGL context creation error at canvas.
    2. Return null and terminate these steps.
  7. Set the attributes of contextAttributes based on the properties of the newly created drawing buffer.
  8. Set context's context creation parameters to contextAttributes.
  9. Return context.

The canvas context type 'experimental-webgl' has historically been used to provide access to WebGL implementations which are not yet complete or conformant.

If the user agent supports both the webgl and experimental-webgl canvas context types, they shall be treated as aliases. For example, if a call to getContext('webgl') successfully creates a WebGLRenderingContext, a subsequent call to getContext('experimental-webgl') shall return the same context object.

The Drawing Buffer

The drawing buffer into which the API calls are rendered shall be defined upon creation of the WebGLRenderingContext object. The following description defines how to create a drawing buffer.

The table below shows all the buffers which make up the drawing buffer, along with their minimum sizes and whether they are defined or not by default. The size of this drawing buffer shall be determined by the width and height attributes of the HTMLCanvasElement. The table below also shows the value to which these buffers shall be cleared when first created, when the size is changed, or after presentation when the preserveDrawingBuffer context creation attribute is false.

BufferClear valueMinimum sizeDefined by default?
Color(0, 0, 0, 0)8 bits per componentyes
Depth1.016 bit integeryes
Stencil08 bitsno

If the requested width or height cannot be satisfied, either when the drawing buffer is first created or when the width and height attributes of the HTMLCanvasElement are changed, a drawing buffer with smaller dimensions shall be created. The dimensions actually used are implementation dependent and there is no guarantee that a buffer with the same aspect ratio will be created. The actual drawing buffer size can be obtained from the drawingBufferWidth and drawingBufferHeight attributes.

A WebGL implementation must not perform any automatic scaling of the size of the drawing buffer on high-definition displays. The context's drawingBufferWidth and drawingBufferHeight must match the canvas's width and height attributes as closely as possible, modulo implementation-dependent constraints.

The constraint above does not change the amount of space the canvas element consumes on the web page, even on a high-definition display. The canvas's intrinsic dimensions [CANVAS] equal the size of its coordinate space, with the numbers interpreted in CSS pixels, and CSS pixels are resolution-independent [CSS].

A WebGL application can achieve a 1:1 ratio between drawing buffer pixels and on-screen pixels on high-definition displays by examining properties like window.devicePixelRatio, scaling the canvas's width and height by that factor, and setting its CSS width and height to the original width and height. An application can simulate the effect of running on a higher-resolution display simply by scaling up the canvas's width and height properties.

The optional WebGLContextAttributes object may be used to change whether or not the buffers are defined. It can also be used to define whether the color buffer will include an alpha channel. If defined, the alpha channel is used by the HTML compositor to combine the color buffer with the rest of the page. The WebGLContextAttributes object is only used on the first call to getContext. No facility is provided to change the attributes of the drawing buffer after its creation.

The depth, stencil and antialias attributes, when set to true, are requests, not requirements. The WebGL implementation should make a best effort to honor them. When any of these attributes is set to false, however, the WebGL implementation must not provide the associated functionality. Combinations of attributes not supported by the WebGL implementation or graphics hardware shall not cause a failure to create a WebGLRenderingContext. The actual context parameters are set to the attributes of the created drawing buffer. The alpha, premultipliedAlpha and preserveDrawingBuffer attributes must be obeyed by the WebGL implementation.

WebGL presents its drawing buffer to the HTML page compositor immediately before a compositing operation, but only if at least one of the following has occurred since the previous compositing operation:

Before the drawing buffer is presented for compositing the implementation shall ensure that all rendering operations have been flushed to the drawing buffer. By default, after compositing the contents of the drawing buffer shall be cleared to their default values, as shown in the table above.

This default behavior can be changed by setting the preserveDrawingBuffer attribute of the WebGLContextAttributes object. If this flag is true, the contents of the drawing buffer shall be preserved until the author either clears or overwrites them. If this flag is false, attempting to perform operations using this context as a source image after the rendering function has returned can lead to undefined behavior. This includes readPixels or toDataURL calls, or using this context as the source image of another context's texImage2D or drawImage call.

While it is sometimes desirable to preserve the drawing buffer, it can cause significant performance loss on some platforms. Whenever possible this flag should remain false and other techniques used. Techniques like synchronous drawing buffer access (e.g., calling readPixels or toDataURL in the same function that renders to the drawing buffer) can be used to get the contents of the drawing buffer. If the author needs to render to the same drawing buffer over a series of calls, a Framebuffer Object can be used.

Implementations may optimize away the required implicit clear operation of the Drawing Buffer as long as a guarantee can be made that the author cannot gain access to buffer contents from another process. For instance, if the author performs an explicit clear then the implicit clear is not needed.

The WebGL Viewport

OpenGL manages a rectangular viewport as part of its state which defines the placement of the rendering results in the drawing buffer. Upon creation of WebGL context context, the viewport is initialized to a rectangle with origin at (0, 0) and width and height equal to (context.drawingBufferWidth, context.drawingBufferHeight).

A WebGL implementation shall not affect the state of the OpenGL viewport in response to resizing of the canvas element.

Note that if a WebGL program does not contain logic to set the viewport, it will not properly handle the case where the canvas is resized. The following ECMAScript example illustrates how a WebGL program might resize the canvas programmatically.
var canvas = document.getElementById('canvas1');
var gl = canvas.getContext('webgl');
canvas.width = newWidth;
canvas.height = newHeight;
gl.viewport(0, 0, gl.drawingBufferWidth, gl.drawingBufferHeight);
        

Rationale: automatically setting the viewport will interfere with applications that set it manually. Applications are expected to use onresize handlers to respond to changes in size of the canvas and set the OpenGL viewport in turn.

Premultiplied Alpha, Canvas APIs and texImage2D

The OpenGL API allows the application to modify the blending modes used during rendering, and for this reason allows control over how alpha values in the drawing buffer are interpreted; see the premultipliedAlpha parameter in the WebGLContextAttributes section.

The HTML Canvas APIs toDataURL and drawImage must respect the premultipliedAlpha context creation parameter. When toDataURL is called against a Canvas into which WebGL content is being rendered, then if the requested image format does not specify premultiplied alpha and the WebGL context has the premultipliedAlpha parameter set to true, then the pixel values must be de-multiplied; i.e., the color channels are divided by the alpha channel. Note that this operation is lossy.

Passing a WebGL-rendered Canvas to the drawImage method of CanvasRenderingContext2D may or may not need to modify the the rendered WebGL content during the drawing operation, depending on the premultiplication needs of the CanvasRenderingContext2D implementation.

When passing a WebGL-rendered Canvas to the texImage2D API, then depending on the setting of the premultipliedAlpha context creation parameter of the passed canvas and the UNPACK_PREMULTIPLY_ALPHA_WEBGL pixel store parameter of the destination WebGL context, the pixel data may need to be changed to or from premultiplied form.

WebGL Resources

OpenGL manages several types of resources as part of its state. These are identified by integer object names and are obtained from OpenGL by various creation calls. In contrast WebGL represents these resources as DOM objects. Each object is derived from the WebGLObject interface. Currently supported resources are: textures, buffers (i.e., VBOs), framebuffers, renderbuffers, shaders and programs. The WebGLRenderingContext interface has a method to create a WebGLObject subclass for each type. Data from the underlying graphics library are stored in these objects and are fully managed by them. The resources represented by these objects are guaranteed to exist as long as the object exists. Furthermore, the DOM object is guaranteed to exist as long as the author has an explicit valid reference to it or as long as it is bound by the underlying graphics library. When none of these conditions exist the user agent can, at any point, delete the object using the equivalent of a delete call (e.g., deleteTexture). If authors wish to control when the underlying resource is released then the delete call can be made explicitly.

Security

Resource Restrictions

WebGL resources such as textures and vertex buffer objects (VBOs) must always contain initialized data, even if they were created without initial user data values. Creating a resource without initial values is commonly used to reserve space for a texture or VBO, which is then modified using texSubImage or bufferSubData calls. If initial data is not provided to these calls, the WebGL implementation must initialize their contents to 0; depth renderbuffers must be cleared to the default 1.0 clear depth. This may require creating a zeroed temporary buffer the size of a requested VBO, so that it can be initialized correctly. All other forms of loading data into a texture or VBO involve either ArrayBuffers or DOM objects such as images, and are therefore already required to be initialized.

When WebGL resources are accessed by shaders through a call such as drawElements or drawArrays, the WebGL implementation must ensure that the shader cannot access either out of bounds or uninitialized data. See Enabled Vertex Attributes and Range Checking for restrictions which must be enforced by the WebGL implementation.

Origin Restrictions

In order to prevent information leakage, WebGL disallows uploading as textures:

If the texImage2D or texSubImage2D method is called with otherwise correct arguments and an HTMLImageElement, HTMLVideoElement, or HTMLCanvasElement violating these restrictions, a SECURITY_ERR exception must be thrown.

WebGL necessarily imposes stronger restrictions on the use of cross-domain media than other APIs such as the 2D canvas rendering context, because shaders can be used to indirectly deduce the contents of textures which have been uploaded to the GPU.

WebGL applications may utilize images and videos that come from other domains, with the cooperation of the server hosting the media, using Cross-Origin Resource Sharing [CORS]. In order to use such media, the application needs to explicitly request permission to do so, and the server needs to explicitly grant permission. Successful CORS-enabled fetches of image and video elements from other domains cause the origin of these elements to be set to that of the containing Document [HTML].

The following ECMAScript example demonstrates how to issue a CORS request for an image coming from another domain. The image is fetched from the server without any credentials, i.e., cookies.

var gl = ...;
var image = new Image();

// The onload handler should be set to a function which uploads the HTMLImageElement
// using texImage2D or texSubImage2D.
image.onload = ...;

image.crossOrigin = "anonymous";

image.src = "http://other-domain.com/image.jpg";

Note that these rules imply that the origin-clean flag for a canvas rendered using WebGL will never be set to false.

For more information on issuing CORS requests for image and video elements, consult:

Supported GLSL Constructs

A WebGL implementation must only accept shaders which conform to The OpenGL ES Shading Language, Version 1.00 [GLES20GLSL], and which do not exceed the minimum functionality mandated in Sections 4 and 5 of Appendix A. In particular:

In addition to the reserved identifiers in the aforementioned specification, identifiers starting with "webgl_" and "_webgl_" are reserved for use by WebGL. A shader which declares a function, variable, structure name, or structure field starting with these prefixes must not be allowed to load.

Defense Against Denial of Service

It is possible to create, either intentionally or unintentionally, combinations of shaders and geometry that take an undesirably long time to render. This issue is analogous to that of long-running scripts, for which user agents already have safeguards. However, long-running draw calls can cause loss of interactivity for the entire window system, not just the user agent.

In the general case it is not possible to impose limits on the structure of incoming shaders to guard against this problem. Experimentation has shown that even very strict structural limits are insufficient to prevent long rendering times, and such limits would prevent shader authors from implementing common algorithms.

User agents should implement safeguards to prevent excessively long rendering times and associated loss of interactivity. Suggested safeguards include:

The supporting infrastructure at the OS and graphics API layer is expected to improve over time, which is why the exact nature of these safeguards is not specified.

Out-of-Range Array Accesses

Shaders must not be allowed to read or write array elements that lie outside the bounds of the array. This includes any variable of array type, as well as vector or matrix types such as vec3 or mat4 when accessed using array subscripting syntax. If detected during compilation, such accesses must generate an error and prevent the shader from compiling. Otherwise, at runtime they shall return zero or the value at any valid index of the same array.

See Supported GLSL Constructs for more information on restrictions which simplify static analysis of the array indexing operations in shaders.

DOM Interfaces

This section describes the interfaces and functionality added to the DOM to support runtime access to the functionality described above.

Types

The following types are used in all interfaces in the following section.

typedef unsigned long  GLenum;
typedef boolean        GLboolean;
typedef unsigned long  GLbitfield;
typedef byte           GLbyte;         /* 'byte' should be a signed 8 bit type. */
typedef short          GLshort;
typedef long           GLint;
typedef long           GLsizei;
typedef long long      GLintptr;
typedef long long      GLsizeiptr;
// Ideally the typedef below would use 'unsigned byte', but that doesn't currently exist in Web IDL.
typedef octet          GLubyte;        /* 'octet' should be an unsigned 8 bit type. */
typedef unsigned short GLushort;
typedef unsigned long  GLuint;
typedef unrestricted float GLfloat;
typedef unrestricted float GLclampf;  

WebGLContextAttributes

The WebGLContextAttributes dictionary contains drawing surface attributes and is passed as the second parameter to getContext.

dictionary WebGLContextAttributes {
    GLboolean alpha = true;
    GLboolean depth = true;
    GLboolean stencil = false;
    GLboolean antialias = true;
    GLboolean premultipliedAlpha = true;
    GLboolean preserveDrawingBuffer = false;
    GLboolean preferLowPowerToHighPerformance = false;
    GLboolean failIfMajorPerformanceCaveat = false;
};

Context creation parameters

The following list describes each attribute in the WebGLContextAttributes object and its use. The default value for each attribute is shown above. The default value is used either if no second parameter is passed to getContext, or if a user object is passed which has no attribute of the given name.

alpha
If the value is true, the drawing buffer has an alpha channel for the purposes of performing OpenGL destination alpha operations and compositing with the page. If the value is false, no alpha buffer is available.
depth
If the value is true, the drawing buffer has a depth buffer of at least 16 bits. If the value is false, no depth buffer is available.
stencil
If the value is true, the drawing buffer has a stencil buffer of at least 8 bits. If the value is false, no stencil buffer is available.
antialias
If the value is true and the implementation supports antialiasing the drawing buffer will perform antialiasing using its choice of technique (multisample/supersample) and quality. If the value is false or the implementation does not support antialiasing, no antialiasing is performed.
premultipliedAlpha
If the value is true the page compositor will assume the drawing buffer contains colors with premultiplied alpha. If the value is false the page compositor will assume that colors in the drawing buffer are not premultiplied. This flag is ignored if the alpha flag is false. See Premultiplied Alpha for more information on the effects of the premultipliedAlpha flag.
preserveDrawingBuffer
If false, once the drawing buffer is presented as described in theDrawing Buffer section, the contents of the drawing buffer are cleared to their default values. All elements of the drawing buffer (color, depth and stencil) are cleared. If the value is true the buffers will not be cleared and will preserve their values until cleared or overwritten by the author.
On some hardware setting the preserveDrawingBuffer flag to true can have significant performance implications.
preferLowPowerToHighPerformance
Provides a hint to the implementation suggesting that, if possible, it creates a context that optimizes for power consumption over performance. For example, on hardware that has more than one GPU, it may be the case that one of them is less powerful but also uses less power. An implementation may choose to, and may have to, ignore this hint.
failIfMajorPerformanceCaveat
If the value is true, context creation will fail if the implementation determines that the performance of the created WebGL context would be dramatically lower than that of a native application making equivalent OpenGL calls. This could happen for a number of reasons, including: Applications that don't require high performance should leave this parameter at its default value of false. Applications that require high performance may set this parameter to true, and if context creation fails then the application may prefer to use a fallback rendering path such as a 2D canvas context. Alternatively the application can retry WebGL context creation with this parameter set to false, with the knowledge that a reduced-fidelity rendering mode should be used to improve performance.
Here is an ECMAScript example which passes a WebGLContextAttributes argument to getContext. It assumes the presence of a canvas element named "canvas1" on the page.
var canvas = document.getElementById('canvas1');
var context = canvas.getContext('webgl',
                                { antialias: false,
                                  stencil: true });
    

WebGLObject

The WebGLObject interface is the parent interface for all GL objects.

Each WebGLObject has an invalidated flag, which is initially unset.

interface WebGLObject {
};

WebGLBuffer

The WebGLBuffer interface represents an OpenGL Buffer Object. The underlying object is created as if by calling glGenBuffers (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.9, man page) , bound as if by calling glBindBuffer (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.9, man page) and destroyed as if by calling glDeleteBuffers (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.9, man page) .

interface WebGLBuffer : WebGLObject {
};

WebGLFramebuffer

The WebGLFramebuffer interface represents an OpenGL Framebuffer Object. The underlying object is created as if by calling glGenFramebuffers (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.1, man page) , bound as if by calling glBindFramebuffer (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.1, man page) and destroyed as if by calling glDeleteFramebuffers (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.1, man page) .

interface WebGLFramebuffer : WebGLObject {
};

WebGLProgram

The WebGLProgram interface represents an OpenGL Program Object. The underlying object is created as if by calling glCreateProgram (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.3, man page) , used as if by calling glUseProgram (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.3, man page) and destroyed as if by calling glDeleteProgram (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.3, man page) .

interface WebGLProgram : WebGLObject {
};

WebGLRenderbuffer

The WebGLRenderbuffer interface represents an OpenGL Renderbuffer Object. The underlying object is created as if by calling glGenRenderbuffers (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.3, man page) , bound as if by calling glBindRenderbuffer (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.3, man page) and destroyed as if by calling glDeleteRenderbuffers (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.3, man page) .

interface WebGLRenderbuffer : WebGLObject {
};

WebGLShader

The WebGLShader interface represents an OpenGL Shader Object. The underlying object is created as if by calling glCreateShader (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.1, man page) , attached to a Program as if by calling glAttachShader (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.3, man page) and destroyed as if by calling glDeleteShader (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.1, man page) .

interface WebGLShader : WebGLObject {
};

WebGLTexture

The WebGLTexture interface represents an OpenGL Texture Object. The underlying object is created as if by calling glGenTextures (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.13, man page) , bound as if by calling glBindTexture (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.13, man page) and destroyed as if by calling glDeleteTextures (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.13, man page) .

interface WebGLTexture : WebGLObject {
};

WebGLUniformLocation

The WebGLUniformLocation interface represents the location of a uniform variable in a shader program.

interface WebGLUniformLocation {
};

WebGLActiveInfo

The WebGLActiveInfo interface represents the information returned from the getActiveAttrib and getActiveUniform calls.

interface WebGLActiveInfo {
    readonly attribute GLint size;
    readonly attribute GLenum type;
    readonly attribute DOMString name;
};

Attributes

The following attributes are available:

size of type GLint
The size of the requested variable.
type of type GLenum
The data type of the requested variable.
name of type DOMString
The name of the requested variable.

WebGLShaderPrecisionFormat

The WebGLShaderPrecisionFormat interface represents the information returned from the getShaderPrecisionFormat call.

interface WebGLShaderPrecisionFormat {
    readonly attribute GLint rangeMin;
    readonly attribute GLint rangeMax;
    readonly attribute GLint precision;
};

Attributes

The following attributes are available:

rangeMin of type GLint
The base 2 log of the absolute value of the minimum value that can be represented.
rangeMax of type GLint
The base 2 log of the absolute value of the maximum value that can be represented.
precision of type GLint
The number of bits of precision that can be represented. For integer formats this value is always 0.

ArrayBuffer and Typed Arrays

Vertex, index, texture, and other data is transferred to the WebGL implementation using the ArrayBuffer and views defined in the Typed Array specification [TYPEDARRAYS].

Typed Arrays support the creation of interleaved, heterogeneous vertex data; uploading of distinct blocks of data into a large vertex buffer object; and most other use cases required by OpenGL programs.

Here is an ECMAScript example showing access to the same ArrayBuffer using different types of typed arrays. In this case the buffer contains a floating point vertex position (x, y, z) followed by a color as 4 unsigned bytes (r, g, b, a).
var numVertices = 100; // for example

// Compute the size needed for the buffer, in bytes and floats
var vertexSize = 3 * Float32Array.BYTES_PER_ELEMENT +
     4 * Uint8Array.BYTES_PER_ELEMENT;
var vertexSizeInFloats = vertexSize / Float32Array.BYTES_PER_ELEMENT;

// Allocate the buffer
var buf = new ArrayBuffer(numVertices * vertexSize);

// Map this buffer to a Float32Array to access the positions
var positionArray = new Float32Array(buf);

// Map the same buffer to a Uint8Array to access the color
var colorArray = new Uint8Array(buf);

// Set up the initial offset of the vertices and colors within the buffer
var positionIdx = 0;
var colorIdx = 3 * Float32Array.BYTES_PER_ELEMENT;

// Initialize the buffer
for (var i = 0; i < numVertices; i++) {
    positionArray[positionIdx] = ...;
    positionArray[positionIdx + 1] = ...;
    positionArray[positionIdx + 2] = ...;
    colorArray[colorIdx] = ...;
    colorArray[colorIdx + 1] = ...;
    colorArray[colorIdx + 2] = ...;
    colorArray[colorIdx + 3] = ...;
    positionIdx += vertexSizeInFloats;
    colorIdx += vertexSize;
}
    

The WebGL context

The WebGLRenderingContext represents the API allowing OpenGL ES 2.0 style rendering into the canvas element.

Before performing the implementation of any method of the WebGLRenderingContext interface or any method of an interface returned by the getExtension method, the following steps must be performed:

  1. If the [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] extended attribute appears on the called method, perform the implementation of the called method, return its result and terminate these steps.
  2. Let use default return value be false.
  3. If the webgl context lost flag is set, let use default return value be true.
  4. If any argument to the method is a WebGLObject with its invalidated flag set, generate an INVALID_OPERATION error and let use default return value be true.
  5. If use default return value is true, perform the following steps:
    1. If the return type of the called method is any or any nullable type, return null.
    2. Terminate this algorithm without calling the method implementation.
  6. Otherwise, perform the implementation of the called method and return its result.

See the context lost event for further details.

[NoInterfaceObject]
interface WebGLRenderingContextBase
{

    /* ClearBufferMask */
    const GLenum DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT               = 0x00000100;
    const GLenum STENCIL_BUFFER_BIT             = 0x00000400;
    const GLenum COLOR_BUFFER_BIT               = 0x00004000;
    
    /* BeginMode */
    const GLenum POINTS                         = 0x0000;
    const GLenum LINES                          = 0x0001;
    const GLenum LINE_LOOP                      = 0x0002;
    const GLenum LINE_STRIP                     = 0x0003;
    const GLenum TRIANGLES                      = 0x0004;
    const GLenum TRIANGLE_STRIP                 = 0x0005;
    const GLenum TRIANGLE_FAN                   = 0x0006;
    
    /* AlphaFunction (not supported in ES20) */
    /*      NEVER */
    /*      LESS */
    /*      EQUAL */
    /*      LEQUAL */
    /*      GREATER */
    /*      NOTEQUAL */
    /*      GEQUAL */
    /*      ALWAYS */
    
    /* BlendingFactorDest */
    const GLenum ZERO                           = 0;
    const GLenum ONE                            = 1;
    const GLenum SRC_COLOR                      = 0x0300;
    const GLenum ONE_MINUS_SRC_COLOR            = 0x0301;
    const GLenum SRC_ALPHA                      = 0x0302;
    const GLenum ONE_MINUS_SRC_ALPHA            = 0x0303;
    const GLenum DST_ALPHA                      = 0x0304;
    const GLenum ONE_MINUS_DST_ALPHA            = 0x0305;
    
    /* BlendingFactorSrc */
    /*      ZERO */
    /*      ONE */
    const GLenum DST_COLOR                      = 0x0306;
    const GLenum ONE_MINUS_DST_COLOR            = 0x0307;
    const GLenum SRC_ALPHA_SATURATE             = 0x0308;
    /*      SRC_ALPHA */
    /*      ONE_MINUS_SRC_ALPHA */
    /*      DST_ALPHA */
    /*      ONE_MINUS_DST_ALPHA */
    
    /* BlendEquationSeparate */
    const GLenum FUNC_ADD                       = 0x8006;
    const GLenum BLEND_EQUATION                 = 0x8009;
    const GLenum BLEND_EQUATION_RGB             = 0x8009;   /* same as BLEND_EQUATION */
    const GLenum BLEND_EQUATION_ALPHA           = 0x883D;
    
    /* BlendSubtract */
    const GLenum FUNC_SUBTRACT                  = 0x800A;
    const GLenum FUNC_REVERSE_SUBTRACT          = 0x800B;
    
    /* Separate Blend Functions */
    const GLenum BLEND_DST_RGB                  = 0x80C8;
    const GLenum BLEND_SRC_RGB                  = 0x80C9;
    const GLenum BLEND_DST_ALPHA                = 0x80CA;
    const GLenum BLEND_SRC_ALPHA                = 0x80CB;
    const GLenum CONSTANT_COLOR                 = 0x8001;
    const GLenum ONE_MINUS_CONSTANT_COLOR       = 0x8002;
    const GLenum CONSTANT_ALPHA                 = 0x8003;
    const GLenum ONE_MINUS_CONSTANT_ALPHA       = 0x8004;
    const GLenum BLEND_COLOR                    = 0x8005;
    
    /* Buffer Objects */
    const GLenum ARRAY_BUFFER                   = 0x8892;
    const GLenum ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER           = 0x8893;
    const GLenum ARRAY_BUFFER_BINDING           = 0x8894;
    const GLenum ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER_BINDING   = 0x8895;
    
    const GLenum STREAM_DRAW                    = 0x88E0;
    const GLenum STATIC_DRAW                    = 0x88E4;
    const GLenum DYNAMIC_DRAW                   = 0x88E8;
    
    const GLenum BUFFER_SIZE                    = 0x8764;
    const GLenum BUFFER_USAGE                   = 0x8765;
    
    const GLenum CURRENT_VERTEX_ATTRIB          = 0x8626;
    
    /* CullFaceMode */
    const GLenum FRONT                          = 0x0404;
    const GLenum BACK                           = 0x0405;
    const GLenum FRONT_AND_BACK                 = 0x0408;
    
    /* DepthFunction */
    /*      NEVER */
    /*      LESS */
    /*      EQUAL */
    /*      LEQUAL */
    /*      GREATER */
    /*      NOTEQUAL */
    /*      GEQUAL */
    /*      ALWAYS */
    
    /* EnableCap */
    /* TEXTURE_2D */
    const GLenum CULL_FACE                      = 0x0B44;
    const GLenum BLEND                          = 0x0BE2;
    const GLenum DITHER                         = 0x0BD0;
    const GLenum STENCIL_TEST                   = 0x0B90;
    const GLenum DEPTH_TEST                     = 0x0B71;
    const GLenum SCISSOR_TEST                   = 0x0C11;
    const GLenum POLYGON_OFFSET_FILL            = 0x8037;
    const GLenum SAMPLE_ALPHA_TO_COVERAGE       = 0x809E;
    const GLenum SAMPLE_COVERAGE                = 0x80A0;
    
    /* ErrorCode */
    const GLenum NO_ERROR                       = 0;
    const GLenum INVALID_ENUM                   = 0x0500;
    const GLenum INVALID_VALUE                  = 0x0501;
    const GLenum INVALID_OPERATION              = 0x0502;
    const GLenum OUT_OF_MEMORY                  = 0x0505;
    
    /* FrontFaceDirection */
    const GLenum CW                             = 0x0900;
    const GLenum CCW                            = 0x0901;
    
    /* GetPName */
    const GLenum LINE_WIDTH                     = 0x0B21;
    const GLenum ALIASED_POINT_SIZE_RANGE       = 0x846D;
    const GLenum ALIASED_LINE_WIDTH_RANGE       = 0x846E;
    const GLenum CULL_FACE_MODE                 = 0x0B45;
    const GLenum FRONT_FACE                     = 0x0B46;
    const GLenum DEPTH_RANGE                    = 0x0B70;
    const GLenum DEPTH_WRITEMASK                = 0x0B72;
    const GLenum DEPTH_CLEAR_VALUE              = 0x0B73;
    const GLenum DEPTH_FUNC                     = 0x0B74;
    const GLenum STENCIL_CLEAR_VALUE            = 0x0B91;
    const GLenum STENCIL_FUNC                   = 0x0B92;
    const GLenum STENCIL_FAIL                   = 0x0B94;
    const GLenum STENCIL_PASS_DEPTH_FAIL        = 0x0B95;
    const GLenum STENCIL_PASS_DEPTH_PASS        = 0x0B96;
    const GLenum STENCIL_REF                    = 0x0B97;
    const GLenum STENCIL_VALUE_MASK             = 0x0B93;
    const GLenum STENCIL_WRITEMASK              = 0x0B98;
    const GLenum STENCIL_BACK_FUNC              = 0x8800;
    const GLenum STENCIL_BACK_FAIL              = 0x8801;
    const GLenum STENCIL_BACK_PASS_DEPTH_FAIL   = 0x8802;
    const GLenum STENCIL_BACK_PASS_DEPTH_PASS   = 0x8803;
    const GLenum STENCIL_BACK_REF               = 0x8CA3;
    const GLenum STENCIL_BACK_VALUE_MASK        = 0x8CA4;
    const GLenum STENCIL_BACK_WRITEMASK         = 0x8CA5;
    const GLenum VIEWPORT                       = 0x0BA2;
    const GLenum SCISSOR_BOX                    = 0x0C10;
    /*      SCISSOR_TEST */
    const GLenum COLOR_CLEAR_VALUE              = 0x0C22;
    const GLenum COLOR_WRITEMASK                = 0x0C23;
    const GLenum UNPACK_ALIGNMENT               = 0x0CF5;
    const GLenum PACK_ALIGNMENT                 = 0x0D05;
    const GLenum MAX_TEXTURE_SIZE               = 0x0D33;
    const GLenum MAX_VIEWPORT_DIMS              = 0x0D3A;
    const GLenum SUBPIXEL_BITS                  = 0x0D50;
    const GLenum RED_BITS                       = 0x0D52;
    const GLenum GREEN_BITS                     = 0x0D53;
    const GLenum BLUE_BITS                      = 0x0D54;
    const GLenum ALPHA_BITS                     = 0x0D55;
    const GLenum DEPTH_BITS                     = 0x0D56;
    const GLenum STENCIL_BITS                   = 0x0D57;
    const GLenum POLYGON_OFFSET_UNITS           = 0x2A00;
    /*      POLYGON_OFFSET_FILL */
    const GLenum POLYGON_OFFSET_FACTOR          = 0x8038;
    const GLenum TEXTURE_BINDING_2D             = 0x8069;
    const GLenum SAMPLE_BUFFERS                 = 0x80A8;
    const GLenum SAMPLES                        = 0x80A9;
    const GLenum SAMPLE_COVERAGE_VALUE          = 0x80AA;
    const GLenum SAMPLE_COVERAGE_INVERT         = 0x80AB;
    
    /* GetTextureParameter */
    /*      TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER */
    /*      TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER */
    /*      TEXTURE_WRAP_S */
    /*      TEXTURE_WRAP_T */
    
    const GLenum COMPRESSED_TEXTURE_FORMATS     = 0x86A3;
    
    /* HintMode */
    const GLenum DONT_CARE                      = 0x1100;
    const GLenum FASTEST                        = 0x1101;
    const GLenum NICEST                         = 0x1102;
    
    /* HintTarget */
    const GLenum GENERATE_MIPMAP_HINT            = 0x8192;
    
    /* DataType */
    const GLenum BYTE                           = 0x1400;
    const GLenum UNSIGNED_BYTE                  = 0x1401;
    const GLenum SHORT                          = 0x1402;
    const GLenum UNSIGNED_SHORT                 = 0x1403;
    const GLenum INT                            = 0x1404;
    const GLenum UNSIGNED_INT                   = 0x1405;
    const GLenum FLOAT                          = 0x1406;
    
    /* PixelFormat */
    const GLenum DEPTH_COMPONENT                = 0x1902;
    const GLenum ALPHA                          = 0x1906;
    const GLenum RGB                            = 0x1907;
    const GLenum RGBA                           = 0x1908;
    const GLenum LUMINANCE                      = 0x1909;
    const GLenum LUMINANCE_ALPHA                = 0x190A;
    
    /* PixelType */
    /*      UNSIGNED_BYTE */
    const GLenum UNSIGNED_SHORT_4_4_4_4         = 0x8033;
    const GLenum UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_5_5_1         = 0x8034;
    const GLenum UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_6_5           = 0x8363;
    
    /* Shaders */
    const GLenum FRAGMENT_SHADER                  = 0x8B30;
    const GLenum VERTEX_SHADER                    = 0x8B31;
    const GLenum MAX_VERTEX_ATTRIBS               = 0x8869;
    const GLenum MAX_VERTEX_UNIFORM_VECTORS       = 0x8DFB;
    const GLenum MAX_VARYING_VECTORS              = 0x8DFC;
    const GLenum MAX_COMBINED_TEXTURE_IMAGE_UNITS = 0x8B4D;
    const GLenum MAX_VERTEX_TEXTURE_IMAGE_UNITS   = 0x8B4C;
    const GLenum MAX_TEXTURE_IMAGE_UNITS          = 0x8872;
    const GLenum MAX_FRAGMENT_UNIFORM_VECTORS     = 0x8DFD;
    const GLenum SHADER_TYPE                      = 0x8B4F;
    const GLenum DELETE_STATUS                    = 0x8B80;
    const GLenum LINK_STATUS                      = 0x8B82;
    const GLenum VALIDATE_STATUS                  = 0x8B83;
    const GLenum ATTACHED_SHADERS                 = 0x8B85;
    const GLenum ACTIVE_UNIFORMS                  = 0x8B86;
    const GLenum ACTIVE_ATTRIBUTES                = 0x8B89;
    const GLenum SHADING_LANGUAGE_VERSION         = 0x8B8C;
    const GLenum CURRENT_PROGRAM                  = 0x8B8D;
    
    /* StencilFunction */
    const GLenum NEVER                          = 0x0200;
    const GLenum LESS                           = 0x0201;
    const GLenum EQUAL                          = 0x0202;
    const GLenum LEQUAL                         = 0x0203;
    const GLenum GREATER                        = 0x0204;
    const GLenum NOTEQUAL                       = 0x0205;
    const GLenum GEQUAL                         = 0x0206;
    const GLenum ALWAYS                         = 0x0207;
    
    /* StencilOp */
    /*      ZERO */
    const GLenum KEEP                           = 0x1E00;
    const GLenum REPLACE                        = 0x1E01;
    const GLenum INCR                           = 0x1E02;
    const GLenum DECR                           = 0x1E03;
    const GLenum INVERT                         = 0x150A;
    const GLenum INCR_WRAP                      = 0x8507;
    const GLenum DECR_WRAP                      = 0x8508;
    
    /* StringName */
    const GLenum VENDOR                         = 0x1F00;
    const GLenum RENDERER                       = 0x1F01;
    const GLenum VERSION                        = 0x1F02;
    
    /* TextureMagFilter */
    const GLenum NEAREST                        = 0x2600;
    const GLenum LINEAR                         = 0x2601;
    
    /* TextureMinFilter */
    /*      NEAREST */
    /*      LINEAR */
    const GLenum NEAREST_MIPMAP_NEAREST         = 0x2700;
    const GLenum LINEAR_MIPMAP_NEAREST          = 0x2701;
    const GLenum NEAREST_MIPMAP_LINEAR          = 0x2702;
    const GLenum LINEAR_MIPMAP_LINEAR           = 0x2703;
    
    /* TextureParameterName */
    const GLenum TEXTURE_MAG_FILTER             = 0x2800;
    const GLenum TEXTURE_MIN_FILTER             = 0x2801;
    const GLenum TEXTURE_WRAP_S                 = 0x2802;
    const GLenum TEXTURE_WRAP_T                 = 0x2803;
    
    /* TextureTarget */
    const GLenum TEXTURE_2D                     = 0x0DE1;
    const GLenum TEXTURE                        = 0x1702;
    
    const GLenum TEXTURE_CUBE_MAP               = 0x8513;
    const GLenum TEXTURE_BINDING_CUBE_MAP       = 0x8514;
    const GLenum TEXTURE_CUBE_MAP_POSITIVE_X    = 0x8515;
    const GLenum TEXTURE_CUBE_MAP_NEGATIVE_X    = 0x8516;
    const GLenum TEXTURE_CUBE_MAP_POSITIVE_Y    = 0x8517;
    const GLenum TEXTURE_CUBE_MAP_NEGATIVE_Y    = 0x8518;
    const GLenum TEXTURE_CUBE_MAP_POSITIVE_Z    = 0x8519;
    const GLenum TEXTURE_CUBE_MAP_NEGATIVE_Z    = 0x851A;
    const GLenum MAX_CUBE_MAP_TEXTURE_SIZE      = 0x851C;
    
    /* TextureUnit */
    const GLenum TEXTURE0                       = 0x84C0;
    const GLenum TEXTURE1                       = 0x84C1;
    const GLenum TEXTURE2                       = 0x84C2;
    const GLenum TEXTURE3                       = 0x84C3;
    const GLenum TEXTURE4                       = 0x84C4;
    const GLenum TEXTURE5                       = 0x84C5;
    const GLenum TEXTURE6                       = 0x84C6;
    const GLenum TEXTURE7                       = 0x84C7;
    const GLenum TEXTURE8                       = 0x84C8;
    const GLenum TEXTURE9                       = 0x84C9;
    const GLenum TEXTURE10                      = 0x84CA;
    const GLenum TEXTURE11                      = 0x84CB;
    const GLenum TEXTURE12                      = 0x84CC;
    const GLenum TEXTURE13                      = 0x84CD;
    const GLenum TEXTURE14                      = 0x84CE;
    const GLenum TEXTURE15                      = 0x84CF;
    const GLenum TEXTURE16                      = 0x84D0;
    const GLenum TEXTURE17                      = 0x84D1;
    const GLenum TEXTURE18                      = 0x84D2;
    const GLenum TEXTURE19                      = 0x84D3;
    const GLenum TEXTURE20                      = 0x84D4;
    const GLenum TEXTURE21                      = 0x84D5;
    const GLenum TEXTURE22                      = 0x84D6;
    const GLenum TEXTURE23                      = 0x84D7;
    const GLenum TEXTURE24                      = 0x84D8;
    const GLenum TEXTURE25                      = 0x84D9;
    const GLenum TEXTURE26                      = 0x84DA;
    const GLenum TEXTURE27                      = 0x84DB;
    const GLenum TEXTURE28                      = 0x84DC;
    const GLenum TEXTURE29                      = 0x84DD;
    const GLenum TEXTURE30                      = 0x84DE;
    const GLenum TEXTURE31                      = 0x84DF;
    const GLenum ACTIVE_TEXTURE                 = 0x84E0;
    
    /* TextureWrapMode */
    const GLenum REPEAT                         = 0x2901;
    const GLenum CLAMP_TO_EDGE                  = 0x812F;
    const GLenum MIRRORED_REPEAT                = 0x8370;
    
    /* Uniform Types */
    const GLenum FLOAT_VEC2                     = 0x8B50;
    const GLenum FLOAT_VEC3                     = 0x8B51;
    const GLenum FLOAT_VEC4                     = 0x8B52;
    const GLenum INT_VEC2                       = 0x8B53;
    const GLenum INT_VEC3                       = 0x8B54;
    const GLenum INT_VEC4                       = 0x8B55;
    const GLenum BOOL                           = 0x8B56;
    const GLenum BOOL_VEC2                      = 0x8B57;
    const GLenum BOOL_VEC3                      = 0x8B58;
    const GLenum BOOL_VEC4                      = 0x8B59;
    const GLenum FLOAT_MAT2                     = 0x8B5A;
    const GLenum FLOAT_MAT3                     = 0x8B5B;
    const GLenum FLOAT_MAT4                     = 0x8B5C;
    const GLenum SAMPLER_2D                     = 0x8B5E;
    const GLenum SAMPLER_CUBE                   = 0x8B60;
    
    /* Vertex Arrays */
    const GLenum VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_ENABLED        = 0x8622;
    const GLenum VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_SIZE           = 0x8623;
    const GLenum VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_STRIDE         = 0x8624;
    const GLenum VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_TYPE           = 0x8625;
    const GLenum VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_NORMALIZED     = 0x886A;
    const GLenum VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_POINTER        = 0x8645;
    const GLenum VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_BUFFER_BINDING = 0x889F;
    
    /* Read Format */
    const GLenum IMPLEMENTATION_COLOR_READ_TYPE   = 0x8B9A;
    const GLenum IMPLEMENTATION_COLOR_READ_FORMAT = 0x8B9B;

    /* Shader Source */
    const GLenum COMPILE_STATUS                 = 0x8B81;
    
    /* Shader Precision-Specified Types */
    const GLenum LOW_FLOAT                      = 0x8DF0;
    const GLenum MEDIUM_FLOAT                   = 0x8DF1;
    const GLenum HIGH_FLOAT                     = 0x8DF2;
    const GLenum LOW_INT                        = 0x8DF3;
    const GLenum MEDIUM_INT                     = 0x8DF4;
    const GLenum HIGH_INT                       = 0x8DF5;
    
    /* Framebuffer Object. */
    const GLenum FRAMEBUFFER                    = 0x8D40;
    const GLenum RENDERBUFFER                   = 0x8D41;
    
    const GLenum RGBA4                          = 0x8056;
    const GLenum RGB5_A1                        = 0x8057;
    const GLenum RGB565                         = 0x8D62;
    const GLenum DEPTH_COMPONENT16              = 0x81A5;
    const GLenum STENCIL_INDEX                  = 0x1901;
    const GLenum STENCIL_INDEX8                 = 0x8D48;
    const GLenum DEPTH_STENCIL                  = 0x84F9;
    
    const GLenum RENDERBUFFER_WIDTH             = 0x8D42;
    const GLenum RENDERBUFFER_HEIGHT            = 0x8D43;
    const GLenum RENDERBUFFER_INTERNAL_FORMAT   = 0x8D44;
    const GLenum RENDERBUFFER_RED_SIZE          = 0x8D50;
    const GLenum RENDERBUFFER_GREEN_SIZE        = 0x8D51;
    const GLenum RENDERBUFFER_BLUE_SIZE         = 0x8D52;
    const GLenum RENDERBUFFER_ALPHA_SIZE        = 0x8D53;
    const GLenum RENDERBUFFER_DEPTH_SIZE        = 0x8D54;
    const GLenum RENDERBUFFER_STENCIL_SIZE      = 0x8D55;
    
    const GLenum FRAMEBUFFER_ATTACHMENT_OBJECT_TYPE           = 0x8CD0;
    const GLenum FRAMEBUFFER_ATTACHMENT_OBJECT_NAME           = 0x8CD1;
    const GLenum FRAMEBUFFER_ATTACHMENT_TEXTURE_LEVEL         = 0x8CD2;
    const GLenum FRAMEBUFFER_ATTACHMENT_TEXTURE_CUBE_MAP_FACE = 0x8CD3;
    
    const GLenum COLOR_ATTACHMENT0              = 0x8CE0;
    const GLenum DEPTH_ATTACHMENT               = 0x8D00;
    const GLenum STENCIL_ATTACHMENT             = 0x8D20;
    const GLenum DEPTH_STENCIL_ATTACHMENT       = 0x821A;
    
    const GLenum NONE                           = 0;
    
    const GLenum FRAMEBUFFER_COMPLETE                      = 0x8CD5;
    const GLenum FRAMEBUFFER_INCOMPLETE_ATTACHMENT         = 0x8CD6;
    const GLenum FRAMEBUFFER_INCOMPLETE_MISSING_ATTACHMENT = 0x8CD7;
    const GLenum FRAMEBUFFER_INCOMPLETE_DIMENSIONS         = 0x8CD9;
    const GLenum FRAMEBUFFER_UNSUPPORTED                   = 0x8CDD;
    
    const GLenum FRAMEBUFFER_BINDING            = 0x8CA6;
    const GLenum RENDERBUFFER_BINDING           = 0x8CA7;
    const GLenum MAX_RENDERBUFFER_SIZE          = 0x84E8;
    
    const GLenum INVALID_FRAMEBUFFER_OPERATION  = 0x0506;
    
    /* WebGL-specific enums */
    const GLenum UNPACK_FLIP_Y_WEBGL            = 0x9240;
    const GLenum UNPACK_PREMULTIPLY_ALPHA_WEBGL = 0x9241;
    const GLenum CONTEXT_LOST_WEBGL             = 0x9242;
    const GLenum UNPACK_COLORSPACE_CONVERSION_WEBGL = 0x9243;
    const GLenum BROWSER_DEFAULT_WEBGL          = 0x9244;

    readonly attribute HTMLCanvasElement canvas;
    readonly attribute GLsizei drawingBufferWidth;
    readonly attribute GLsizei drawingBufferHeight;

    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] WebGLContextAttributes? getContextAttributes();
    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] boolean isContextLost();
    
    sequence<DOMString>? getSupportedExtensions();
    object? getExtension(DOMString name);

    void activeTexture(GLenum texture);
    void attachShader(WebGLProgram? program, WebGLShader? shader);
    void bindAttribLocation(WebGLProgram? program, GLuint index, DOMString name);
    void bindBuffer(GLenum target, WebGLBuffer? buffer);
    void bindFramebuffer(GLenum target, WebGLFramebuffer? framebuffer);
    void bindRenderbuffer(GLenum target, WebGLRenderbuffer? renderbuffer);
    void bindTexture(GLenum target, WebGLTexture? texture);
    void blendColor(GLclampf red, GLclampf green, GLclampf blue, GLclampf alpha);
    void blendEquation(GLenum mode);
    void blendEquationSeparate(GLenum modeRGB, GLenum modeAlpha);
    void blendFunc(GLenum sfactor, GLenum dfactor);
    void blendFuncSeparate(GLenum srcRGB, GLenum dstRGB, 
                           GLenum srcAlpha, GLenum dstAlpha);

    typedef (ArrayBuffer or ArrayBufferView) BufferDataSource;
    void bufferData(GLenum target, GLsizeiptr size, GLenum usage);
    void bufferData(GLenum target, BufferDataSource? data, GLenum usage);
    void bufferSubData(GLenum target, GLintptr offset, BufferDataSource? data);

    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLenum checkFramebufferStatus(GLenum target);
    void clear(GLbitfield mask);
    void clearColor(GLclampf red, GLclampf green, GLclampf blue, GLclampf alpha);
    void clearDepth(GLclampf depth);
    void clearStencil(GLint s);
    void colorMask(GLboolean red, GLboolean green, GLboolean blue, GLboolean alpha);
    void compileShader(WebGLShader? shader);

    void compressedTexImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLenum internalformat,
                              GLsizei width, GLsizei height, GLint border,
                              ArrayBufferView data);
    void compressedTexSubImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level,
                                 GLint xoffset, GLint yoffset,
                                 GLsizei width, GLsizei height, GLenum format,
                                 ArrayBufferView data);

    void copyTexImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLenum internalformat, 
                        GLint x, GLint y, GLsizei width, GLsizei height, 
                        GLint border);
    void copyTexSubImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLint xoffset, GLint yoffset, 
                           GLint x, GLint y, GLsizei width, GLsizei height);

    WebGLBuffer? createBuffer();
    WebGLFramebuffer? createFramebuffer();
    WebGLProgram? createProgram();
    WebGLRenderbuffer? createRenderbuffer();
    WebGLShader? createShader(GLenum type);
    WebGLTexture? createTexture();

    void cullFace(GLenum mode);

    void deleteBuffer(WebGLBuffer? buffer);
    void deleteFramebuffer(WebGLFramebuffer? framebuffer);
    void deleteProgram(WebGLProgram? program);
    void deleteRenderbuffer(WebGLRenderbuffer? renderbuffer);
    void deleteShader(WebGLShader? shader);
    void deleteTexture(WebGLTexture? texture);

    void depthFunc(GLenum func);
    void depthMask(GLboolean flag);
    void depthRange(GLclampf zNear, GLclampf zFar);
    void detachShader(WebGLProgram? program, WebGLShader? shader);
    void disable(GLenum cap);
    void disableVertexAttribArray(GLuint index);
    void drawArrays(GLenum mode, GLint first, GLsizei count);
    void drawElements(GLenum mode, GLsizei count, GLenum type, GLintptr offset);

    void enable(GLenum cap);
    void enableVertexAttribArray(GLuint index);
    void finish();
    void flush();
    void framebufferRenderbuffer(GLenum target, GLenum attachment, 
                                 GLenum renderbuffertarget, 
                                 WebGLRenderbuffer? renderbuffer);
    void framebufferTexture2D(GLenum target, GLenum attachment, GLenum textarget, 
                              WebGLTexture? texture, GLint level);
    void frontFace(GLenum mode);

    void generateMipmap(GLenum target);

    WebGLActiveInfo? getActiveAttrib(WebGLProgram? program, GLuint index);
    WebGLActiveInfo? getActiveUniform(WebGLProgram? program, GLuint index);
    sequence<WebGLShader>? getAttachedShaders(WebGLProgram? program);

    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLint getAttribLocation(WebGLProgram? program, DOMString name);

    any getBufferParameter(GLenum target, GLenum pname);
    any getParameter(GLenum pname);

    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLenum getError();

    any getFramebufferAttachmentParameter(GLenum target, GLenum attachment, 
                                          GLenum pname);
    any getProgramParameter(WebGLProgram? program, GLenum pname);
    DOMString? getProgramInfoLog(WebGLProgram? program);
    any getRenderbufferParameter(GLenum target, GLenum pname);
    any getShaderParameter(WebGLShader? shader, GLenum pname);
    WebGLShaderPrecisionFormat? getShaderPrecisionFormat(GLenum shadertype, GLenum precisiontype);
    DOMString? getShaderInfoLog(WebGLShader? shader);

    DOMString? getShaderSource(WebGLShader? shader);

    any getTexParameter(GLenum target, GLenum pname);

    any getUniform(WebGLProgram? program, WebGLUniformLocation? location);

    WebGLUniformLocation? getUniformLocation(WebGLProgram? program, DOMString name);

    any getVertexAttrib(GLuint index, GLenum pname);

    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLsizeiptr getVertexAttribOffset(GLuint index, GLenum pname);

    void hint(GLenum target, GLenum mode);
    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isBuffer(WebGLBuffer? buffer);
    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isEnabled(GLenum cap);
    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isFramebuffer(WebGLFramebuffer? framebuffer);
    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isProgram(WebGLProgram? program);
    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isRenderbuffer(WebGLRenderbuffer? renderbuffer);
    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isShader(WebGLShader? shader);
    [WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isTexture(WebGLTexture? texture);
    void lineWidth(GLfloat width);
    void linkProgram(WebGLProgram? program);
    void pixelStorei(GLenum pname, GLint param);
    void polygonOffset(GLfloat factor, GLfloat units);

    void readPixels(GLint x, GLint y, GLsizei width, GLsizei height, 
                    GLenum format, GLenum type, ArrayBufferView? pixels);

    void renderbufferStorage(GLenum target, GLenum internalformat, 
                             GLsizei width, GLsizei height);
    void sampleCoverage(GLclampf value, GLboolean invert);
    void scissor(GLint x, GLint y, GLsizei width, GLsizei height);

    void shaderSource(WebGLShader? shader, DOMString source);

    void stencilFunc(GLenum func, GLint ref, GLuint mask);
    void stencilFuncSeparate(GLenum face, GLenum func, GLint ref, GLuint mask);
    void stencilMask(GLuint mask);
    void stencilMaskSeparate(GLenum face, GLuint mask);
    void stencilOp(GLenum fail, GLenum zfail, GLenum zpass);
    void stencilOpSeparate(GLenum face, GLenum fail, GLenum zfail, GLenum zpass);

    typedef (ImageData or
             HTMLImageElement or
             HTMLCanvasElement or
             HTMLVideoElement) TexImageSource;
    void texImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLenum internalformat, 
                    GLsizei width, GLsizei height, GLint border, GLenum format, 
                    GLenum type, ArrayBufferView? pixels);
    void texImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLenum internalformat,
                    GLenum format, GLenum type, TexImageSource? source); // May throw DOMException

    void texParameterf(GLenum target, GLenum pname, GLfloat param);
    void texParameteri(GLenum target, GLenum pname, GLint param);

    void texSubImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLint xoffset, GLint yoffset, 
                       GLsizei width, GLsizei height, 
                       GLenum format, GLenum type, ArrayBufferView? pixels);
    void texSubImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLint xoffset, GLint yoffset, 
                       GLenum format, GLenum type, TexImageSource? source); // May throw DOMException

    void uniform1f(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLfloat x);
    void uniform1fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, Float32Array v);
    void uniform1fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, sequence<GLfloat> v);
    void uniform1i(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLint x);
    void uniform1iv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, Int32Array v);
    void uniform1iv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, sequence<long> v);
    void uniform2f(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLfloat x, GLfloat y);
    void uniform2fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, Float32Array v);
    void uniform2fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, sequence<GLfloat> v);
    void uniform2i(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLint x, GLint y);
    void uniform2iv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, Int32Array v);
    void uniform2iv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, sequence<long> v);
    void uniform3f(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLfloat x, GLfloat y, GLfloat z);
    void uniform3fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, Float32Array v);
    void uniform3fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, sequence<GLfloat> v);
    void uniform3i(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLint x, GLint y, GLint z);
    void uniform3iv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, Int32Array v);
    void uniform3iv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, sequence<long> v);
    void uniform4f(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLfloat x, GLfloat y, GLfloat z, GLfloat w);
    void uniform4fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, Float32Array v);
    void uniform4fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, sequence<GLfloat> v);
    void uniform4i(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLint x, GLint y, GLint z, GLint w);
    void uniform4iv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, Int32Array v);
    void uniform4iv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, sequence<long> v);

    void uniformMatrix2fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLboolean transpose, 
                          Float32Array value);
    void uniformMatrix2fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLboolean transpose, 
                          sequence<GLfloat> value);
    void uniformMatrix3fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLboolean transpose, 
                          Float32Array value);
    void uniformMatrix3fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLboolean transpose, 
                          sequence<GLfloat> value);
    void uniformMatrix4fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLboolean transpose, 
                          Float32Array value);
    void uniformMatrix4fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLboolean transpose, 
                          sequence<GLfloat> value);

    void useProgram(WebGLProgram? program);
    void validateProgram(WebGLProgram? program);

    void vertexAttrib1f(GLuint indx, GLfloat x);
    void vertexAttrib1fv(GLuint indx, Float32Array values);
    void vertexAttrib1fv(GLuint indx, sequence<GLfloat> values);
    void vertexAttrib2f(GLuint indx, GLfloat x, GLfloat y);
    void vertexAttrib2fv(GLuint indx, Float32Array values);
    void vertexAttrib2fv(GLuint indx, sequence<GLfloat> values);
    void vertexAttrib3f(GLuint indx, GLfloat x, GLfloat y, GLfloat z);
    void vertexAttrib3fv(GLuint indx, Float32Array values);
    void vertexAttrib3fv(GLuint indx, sequence<GLfloat> values);
    void vertexAttrib4f(GLuint indx, GLfloat x, GLfloat y, GLfloat z, GLfloat w);
    void vertexAttrib4fv(GLuint indx, Float32Array values);
    void vertexAttrib4fv(GLuint indx, sequence<GLfloat> values);
    void vertexAttribPointer(GLuint indx, GLint size, GLenum type, 
                             GLboolean normalized, GLsizei stride, GLintptr offset);

    void viewport(GLint x, GLint y, GLsizei width, GLsizei height);
};

interface WebGLRenderingContext
{
};
WebGLRenderingContext implements WebGLRenderingContextBase;

Attributes

The following attributes are available:

canvas of type HTMLCanvasElement
A reference to the canvas element which created this context.
drawingBufferWidth of type GLsizei
The actual width of the drawing buffer. May be different from the width attribute of the HTMLCanvasElement if the implementation is unable to satisfy the requested widthor height.
drawingBufferHeight of type GLsizei
The actual height of the drawing buffer. May be different from the height attribute of the HTMLCanvasElement if the implementation is unable to satisfy the requested width or height.

Getting information about the context

[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] WebGLContextAttributes? getContextAttributes()
If the webgl context lost flag is set, returns null. Otherwise, returns a copy of the actual context parameters.

Setting and getting state

OpenGL ES 2.0 maintains state values for use in rendering. All the calls in this group behave identically to their OpenGL counterparts unless otherwise noted.

void activeTexture(GLenum texture) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7, man page)
void blendColor(GLclampf red, GLclampf green, GLclampf blue, GLclampf alpha) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.1.6, man page)
void blendEquation(GLenum mode) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.1.6, man page)
void blendEquationSeparate(GLenum modeRGB, GLenum modeAlpha) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.1.6, man page)
void blendFunc(GLenum sfactor, GLenum dfactor) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.1.6, man page)
See Blending With Constant Color for limitations imposed by WebGL.
void blendFuncSeparate(GLenum srcRGB, GLenum dstRGB, GLenum srcAlpha, GLenum dstAlpha) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.1.6, man page)
See Blending With Constant Color for limitations imposed by WebGL.
void clearColor(GLclampf red, GLclampf green, GLclampf blue, GLclampf alpha) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.2.3, man page)
void clearDepth(GLclampf depth) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.2.3, man page)
depth value is clamped to the range 0 to 1.
void clearStencil(GLint s) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.2.3, man page)
void colorMask(GLboolean red, GLboolean green, GLboolean blue, GLboolean alpha) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.2.2, man page)
void cullFace(GLenum mode) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.5.1, man page)
void depthFunc(GLenum func) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.1.5, man page)
void depthMask(GLboolean flag) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.2.2, man page)
void depthRange(GLclampf zNear, GLclampf zFar) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.12.1, man page)
zNear and zFar values are clamped to the range 0 to 1 and zNear must be less than or equal to zFar; see Viewport Depth Range.
void disable(GLenum cap) (man page)
void enable(GLenum cap) (man page)
void frontFace(GLenum mode) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.5.1, man page)
any getParameter(GLenum pname) (glGet OpenGL ES 2.0 man page) (glGetString OpenGL ES 2.0 man page)
Return the value for the passed pname. The type returned is the natural type for the requested pname, as given in the following table:
pnamereturned type
ACTIVE_TEXTUREGLenum
ALIASED_LINE_WIDTH_RANGEFloat32Array (with 2 elements)
ALIASED_POINT_SIZE_RANGEFloat32Array (with 2 elements)
ALPHA_BITSGLint
ARRAY_BUFFER_BINDINGWebGLBuffer
BLENDGLboolean
BLEND_COLORFloat32Array (with 4 values)
BLEND_DST_ALPHAGLenum
BLEND_DST_RGBGLenum
BLEND_EQUATION_ALPHAGLenum
BLEND_EQUATION_RGBGLenum
BLEND_SRC_ALPHAGLenum
BLEND_SRC_RGBGLenum
BLUE_BITSGLint
COLOR_CLEAR_VALUEFloat32Array (with 4 values)
COLOR_WRITEMASKsequence<GLboolean> (with 4 values)
COMPRESSED_TEXTURE_FORMATSUint32Array
CULL_FACEGLboolean
CULL_FACE_MODEGLenum
CURRENT_PROGRAMWebGLProgram
DEPTH_BITSGLint
DEPTH_CLEAR_VALUEGLfloat
DEPTH_FUNCGLenum
DEPTH_RANGEFloat32Array (with 2 elements)
DEPTH_TESTGLboolean
DEPTH_WRITEMASKGLboolean
DITHERGLboolean
ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER_BINDINGWebGLBuffer
FRAMEBUFFER_BINDINGWebGLFramebuffer
FRONT_FACEGLenum
GENERATE_MIPMAP_HINTGLenum
GREEN_BITSGLint
IMPLEMENTATION_COLOR_READ_FORMATGLenum
IMPLEMENTATION_COLOR_READ_TYPEGLenum
LINE_WIDTHGLfloat
MAX_COMBINED_TEXTURE_IMAGE_UNITSGLint
MAX_CUBE_MAP_TEXTURE_SIZEGLint
MAX_FRAGMENT_UNIFORM_VECTORSGLint
MAX_RENDERBUFFER_SIZEGLint
MAX_TEXTURE_IMAGE_UNITSGLint
MAX_TEXTURE_SIZEGLint
MAX_VARYING_VECTORSGLint
MAX_VERTEX_ATTRIBSGLint
MAX_VERTEX_TEXTURE_IMAGE_UNITSGLint
MAX_VERTEX_UNIFORM_VECTORSGLint
MAX_VIEWPORT_DIMSInt32Array (with 2 elements)
PACK_ALIGNMENTGLint
POLYGON_OFFSET_FACTORGLfloat
POLYGON_OFFSET_FILLGLboolean
POLYGON_OFFSET_UNITSGLfloat
RED_BITSGLint
RENDERBUFFER_BINDINGWebGLRenderbuffer
RENDERERDOMString
SAMPLE_BUFFERSGLint
SAMPLE_COVERAGE_INVERTGLboolean
SAMPLE_COVERAGE_VALUEGLfloat
SAMPLESGLint
SCISSOR_BOXInt32Array (with 4 elements)
SCISSOR_TESTGLboolean
SHADING_LANGUAGE_VERSIONDOMString
STENCIL_BACK_FAILGLenum
STENCIL_BACK_FUNCGLenum
STENCIL_BACK_PASS_DEPTH_FAILGLenum
STENCIL_BACK_PASS_DEPTH_PASSGLenum
STENCIL_BACK_REFGLint
STENCIL_BACK_VALUE_MASKGLuint
STENCIL_BACK_WRITEMASKGLuint
STENCIL_BITSGLint
STENCIL_CLEAR_VALUEGLint
STENCIL_FAILGLenum
STENCIL_FUNCGLenum
STENCIL_PASS_DEPTH_FAILGLenum
STENCIL_PASS_DEPTH_PASSGLenum
STENCIL_REFGLint
STENCIL_TESTGLboolean
STENCIL_VALUE_MASKGLuint
STENCIL_WRITEMASKGLuint
SUBPIXEL_BITSGLint
TEXTURE_BINDING_2DWebGLTexture
TEXTURE_BINDING_CUBE_MAPWebGLTexture
UNPACK_ALIGNMENTGLint
UNPACK_COLORSPACE_CONVERSION_WEBGLGLenum
UNPACK_FLIP_Y_WEBGLGLboolean
UNPACK_PREMULTIPLY_ALPHA_WEBGLGLboolean
VENDORDOMString
VERSIONDOMString
VIEWPORTInt32Array (with 4 elements)

All queries returning sequences or typed arrays return a new object each time.

If pname is not in the table above, generates an INVALID_ENUM error and returns null.

The following pname arguments return a string describing some aspect of the current WebGL implementation:

VERSION Returns a version or release number of the form WebGL<space>1.0<space><vendor-specific information>.
SHADING_LANGUAGE_VERSION Returns a version or release number of the form WebGL<space>GLSL<space>ES<space>1.0<space><vendor-specific information>.
VENDOR Returns the company responsible for this WebGL implementation. This name does not change from release to release.
RENDERER Returns the name of the renderer. This name is typically specific to a particular configuration of a hardware platform. It does not change from release to release.

See Extension Queries for information on querying the available extensions in the current WebGL implementation.

[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLenum getError() (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.5, man page)
If the context's webgl context lost flag is set, returns CONTEXT_LOST_WEBGL the first time this method is called. Afterward, returns NO_ERROR until the context has been restored.
void hint(GLenum target, GLenum mode) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §5.2, man page)
[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isEnabled(GLenum cap) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.1, man page)
Returns false if the context's webgl context lost flag is set.
void lineWidth(GLfloat width) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.4, man page)
void pixelStorei(GLenum pname, GLint param) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.6.1, man page)
In addition to the parameters in the OpenGL ES 2.0 specification, the WebGL specification accepts the parameters UNPACK_FLIP_Y_WEBGL, UNPACK_PREMULTIPLY_ALPHA_WEBGL and UNPACK_COLORSPACE_CONVERSION_WEBGL. See Pixel Storage Parameters for documentation of these parameters.
void polygonOffset(GLfloat factor, GLfloat units) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.5.2, man page)
void sampleCoverage(GLclampf value, GLboolean invert) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.1.3, man page)
void stencilFunc(GLenum func, GLint ref, GLuint mask) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.1.4, man page)
void stencilFuncSeparate(GLenum face, GLenum func, GLint ref, GLuint mask) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.1.4, man page)
See Stencil Separate Mask and Reference Value for information on WebGL specific limitations to the allowable argument values.
void stencilMask(GLuint mask) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.2.2, man page)
See Stencil Separate Mask and Reference Value for information on WebGL specific limitations to the allowable mask values.
void stencilMaskSeparate(GLenum face, GLuint mask) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.2.2, man page)
void stencilOp(GLenum fail, GLenum zfail, GLenum zpass) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.1.4, man page)
void stencilOpSeparate(GLenum face, GLenum fail, GLenum zfail, GLenum zpass) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.1.4, man page)

Viewing and clipping

The viewport specifies the affine transformation of x and y from normalized device coordinates to window coordinates. The size of the drawing buffer is determined by the HTMLCanvasElement. The scissor box defines a rectangle which constrains drawing. When the scissor test is enabled only pixels that lie within the scissor box can be modified by drawing commands. When enabled drawing can only occur inside the intersection of the viewport, canvas area and the scissor box. When the scissor test is not enabled drawing can only occur inside the intersection of the viewport and canvas area.

void scissor(GLint x, GLint y, GLsizei width, GLsizei height) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.1.2, man page)
void viewport(GLint x, GLint y, GLsizei width, GLsizei height) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.12.1, man page)

Buffer objects

Buffer objects (sometimes referred to as VBOs) hold vertex attribute data for the GLSL shaders.

void bindBuffer(GLenum target, WebGLBuffer? buffer) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.9, man page)
Binds the given WebGLBuffer object to the given binding point (target), either ARRAY_BUFFER or ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER. If the buffer is null then any buffer currently bound to this target is unbound. A given WebGLBuffer object may only be bound to one of the ARRAY_BUFFER or ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER target in its lifetime. An attempt to bind a buffer object to the other target will generate an INVALID_OPERATION error, and the current binding will remain untouched.
void bufferData(GLenum target, GLsizeiptr size, GLenum usage) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.9, man page)
Set the size of the currently bound WebGLBuffer object for the passed target. The buffer is initialized to 0.

void bufferData(GLenum target, BufferDataSource? data, GLenum usage) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.9, man page)

Set the size of the currently bound WebGLBuffer object for the passed target to the size of the passed data, then write the contents of data to the buffer object.

If the passed data is null then an INVALID_VALUE error is generated.

void bufferSubData(GLenum target, GLintptr offset, BufferDataSource? data) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.9, man page)

For the WebGLBuffer object bound to the passed target write the passed data starting at the passed offset. If the data would be written past the end of the buffer object an INVALID_VALUE error is generated. If data is null then an INVALID_VALUE error is generated.
WebGLBuffer? createBuffer() (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.9, similar to glGenBuffers)
Create a WebGLBuffer object and initialize it with a buffer object name as if by calling glGenBuffers.
void deleteBuffer(WebGLBuffer? buffer) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.9, similar to glDeleteBuffers)
Delete the buffer object contained in the passed WebGLBuffer as if by calling glDeleteBuffers. If the buffer has already been deleted the call has no effect. Note that the buffer object will be deleted when the WebGLBuffer object is destroyed. This method merely gives the author greater control over when the buffer object is destroyed.
any getBufferParameter(GLenum target, GLenum pname) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.3, similar to glGetBufferParameteriv)
Return the value for the passed pname. The type returned is the natural type for the requested pname, as given in the following table:
pnamereturned type
BUFFER_SIZEGLint
BUFFER_USAGEGLenum

If pname is not in the table above, generates an INVALID_ENUM error.

If an OpenGL error is generated, returns null.

[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isBuffer(WebGLBuffer? buffer) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.6, man page)
Return true if the passed WebGLBuffer is valid and false otherwise.

Returns false if the buffer's invalidated flag is set.

Framebuffer objects

Framebuffer objects provide an alternative rendering target to the drawing buffer. They are a collection of color, alpha, depth and stencil buffers and are often used to render an image that will later be used as a texture.

void bindFramebuffer(GLenum target, WebGLFramebuffer? framebuffer) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.1, man page)
Bind the given WebGLFramebuffer object to the given binding point (target), which must be FRAMEBUFFER. If framebuffer is null, the default framebuffer provided by the context is bound and attempts to modify or query state on target FRAMEBUFFER will generate an INVALID_OPERATION error.
[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLenum checkFramebufferStatus(GLenum target) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.5, man page)
Returns FRAMEBUFFER_UNSUPPORTED if the context's webgl context lost flag is set.
WebGLFramebuffer? createFramebuffer() (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.1, similar to glGenFramebuffers)
Create a WebGLFramebuffer object and initialize it with a framebuffer object name as if by calling glGenFramebuffers.
void deleteFramebuffer(WebGLFramebuffer? buffer) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.1, similar to glDeleteFramebuffers)
Delete the framebuffer object contained in the passed WebGLFramebuffer as if by calling glDeleteFramebuffers. If the framebuffer has already been deleted the call has no effect. Note that the framebuffer object will be deleted when the WebGLFramebuffer object is destroyed. This method merely gives the author greater control over when the framebuffer object is destroyed.
void framebufferRenderbuffer(GLenum target, GLenum attachment, GLenum renderbuffertarget, WebGLRenderbuffer? renderbuffer) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.3, man page)
void framebufferTexture2D(GLenum target, GLenum attachment, GLenum textarget, WebGLTexture? texture, GLint level) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.3, man page)
any getFramebufferAttachmentParameter(GLenum target, GLenum attachment, GLenum pname) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.3, similar to glGetFramebufferAttachmentParameteriv)
Return the value for the passed pname given the passed target and attachment. The type returned is the natural type for the requested pname, as given in the following table:
pnamereturned type
FRAMEBUFFER_ATTACHMENT_OBJECT_TYPEGLenum
FRAMEBUFFER_ATTACHMENT_OBJECT_NAMEWebGLRenderbuffer or WebGLTexture
FRAMEBUFFER_ATTACHMENT_TEXTURE_LEVELGLint
FRAMEBUFFER_ATTACHMENT_TEXTURE_CUBE_MAP_FACEGLint

If pname is not in the table above, generates an INVALID_ENUM error.

If an OpenGL error is generated, returns null.

[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isFramebuffer(WebGLFramebuffer? framebuffer) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.7, man page)
Return true if the passed WebGLFramebuffer is valid and false otherwise.

Returns false if the framebuffer's invalidated flag is set.

Renderbuffer objects

Renderbuffer objects are used to provide storage for the individual buffers used in a framebuffer object.

void bindRenderbuffer(GLenum target, WebGLRenderbuffer? renderbuffer) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.3, man page)
Bind the given WebGLRenderbuffer object to the given binding point (target), which must be RENDERBUFFER. If renderbuffer is null the renderbuffer object currently bound to this target is unbound.
WebGLRenderbuffer? createRenderbuffer() (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.3, similar to glGenRenderbuffers)
Create a WebGLRenderbuffer object and initialize it with a renderbuffer object name as if by calling glGenRenderbuffers.
void deleteRenderbuffer(WebGLRenderbuffer? renderbuffer) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.3, similar to glDeleteRenderbuffers)
Delete the renderbuffer object contained in the passed WebGLRenderbuffer as if by calling glDeleteRenderbuffers. If the renderbuffer has already been deleted the call has no effect. Note that the renderbuffer object will be deleted when the WebGLRenderbuffer object is destroyed. This method merely gives the author greater control over when the renderbuffer object is destroyed.
any getRenderbufferParameter(GLenum target, GLenum pname) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.3, similar to glGetRenderbufferParameteriv)
Return the value for the passed pname given the passed target. The type returned is the natural type for the requested pname, as given in the following table:
pnamereturned type
RENDERBUFFER_WIDTHGLint
RENDERBUFFER_HEIGHTGLint
RENDERBUFFER_INTERNAL_FORMATGLenum
RENDERBUFFER_RED_SIZEGLint
RENDERBUFFER_GREEN_SIZEGLint
RENDERBUFFER_BLUE_SIZEGLint
RENDERBUFFER_ALPHA_SIZEGLint
RENDERBUFFER_DEPTH_SIZEGLint
RENDERBUFFER_STENCIL_SIZEGLint

If pname is not in the table above, generates an INVALID_ENUM error.

If an OpenGL error is generated, returns null.

[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isRenderbuffer(WebGLRenderbuffer? renderbuffer) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.7, man page)
Return true if the passed WebGLRenderbuffer is valid and false otherwise.

Returns false if the renderbuffer's invalidated flag is set.
void renderbufferStorage(GLenum target, GLenum internalformat, GLsizei width, GLsizei height) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.4.3, man page)

Texture objects

Texture objects provide storage and state for texturing operations. If no WebGLTexture is bound (e.g., passing null or 0 to bindTexture) then attempts to modify or query the texture object shall generate an INVALID_OPERATION error. This is indicated in the functions below.

void bindTexture(GLenum target, WebGLTexture? texture) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.13, man page)

void compressedTexImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLenum internalformat, GLsizei width, GLsizei height, GLint border, ArrayBufferView pixels) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.3, man page)

void compressedTexSubImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLint xoffset, GLint yoffset, GLsizei width, GLsizei height, GLenum format, ArrayBufferView pixels) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.3, man page)

If an attempt is made to call these functions with no WebGLTexture bound (see above), an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

The core WebGL specification does not define any supported compressed texture formats. By default, these methods generate an INVALID_ENUM error and return immediately. See Compressed Texture Support.
void copyTexImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLenum internalformat, GLint x, GLint y, GLsizei width, GLsizei height, GLint border) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.2, man page)
If an attempt is made to call this function with no WebGLTexture bound (see above), an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

For any pixel lying outside the frame buffer, all channels of the associated texel are initialized to 0; see Reading Pixels Outside the Framebuffer.

If this function attempts to read from a complete framebuffer with a missing attachment, an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated per Reading from a Missing Attachment.
void copyTexSubImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLint xoffset, GLint yoffset, GLint x, GLint y, GLsizei width, GLsizei height) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.2, man page)
If an attempt is made to call this function with no WebGLTexture bound (see above), an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

For any pixel lying outside the frame buffer, all channels of the associated texel are initialized to 0; see Reading Pixels Outside the Framebuffer.

If this function attempts to read from a complete framebuffer with a missing attachment, an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated per Reading from a Missing Attachment.
WebGLTexture? createTexture() (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.13, man page)
Create a WebGLTexture object and initialize it with a texture object name as if by calling glGenTextures.
void deleteTexture(WebGLTexture? texture) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.13, man page)
Delete the texture object contained in the passed WebGLTexture as if by calling glDeleteTextures. If the texture has already been deleted the call has no effect. Note that the texture object will be deleted when the WebGLTexture object is destroyed. This method merely gives the author greater control over when the texture object is destroyed.
void generateMipmap(GLenum target) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.11, man page)
If an attempt is made to call this function with no WebGLTexture bound (see above), an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.
any getTexParameter(GLenum target, GLenum pname) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.3, man page)
Return the value for the passed pname given the passed target. The type returned is the natural type for the requested pname, as given in the following table:
pnamereturned type
TEXTURE_MAG_FILTERGLenum
TEXTURE_MIN_FILTERGLenum
TEXTURE_WRAP_SGLenum
TEXTURE_WRAP_TGLenum

If pname is not in the table above, generates an INVALID_ENUM error.

If an attempt is made to call this function with no WebGLTexture bound (see above), generates an INVALID_OPERATION error.

If an OpenGL error is generated, returns null.

[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isTexture(WebGLTexture? texture) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.4, man page)
Return true if the passed WebGLTexture is valid and false otherwise.

Returns false if the texture's invalidated flag is set.
void texImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLenum internalformat, GLsizei width, GLsizei height, GLint border, GLenum format, GLenum type, ArrayBufferView? pixels) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.1, man page)
If pixels is null, a buffer of sufficient size initialized to 0 is passed.

If pixels is non-null, the type of pixels must match the type of the data to be read. If it is UNSIGNED_BYTE, a Uint8Array must be supplied; if it is UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_6_5, UNSIGNED_SHORT_4_4_4_4, or UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_5_5_1, a Uint16Array must be supplied. If the types do not match, an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

If an attempt is made to call this function with no WebGLTexture bound (see above), an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

See Pixel Storage Parameters for WebGL-specific pixel storage parameters that affect the behavior of this function.

void texImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLenum internalformat, GLenum format, GLenum type, TexImageSource? source) /* May throw DOMException */ (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.1, man page)

Uploads the given element or image data to the currently bound WebGLTexture.

The width and height of the texture are set as specified in section Texture Upload Width and Height.

The source image data is conceptually first converted to the data type and format specified by the format and type arguments, and then transferred to the WebGL implementation. If a packed pixel format is specified which would imply loss of bits of precision from the image data, this loss of precision must occur.

The first pixel transferred from the source to the WebGL implementation corresponds to the upper left corner of the source. This behavior is modified by the the UNPACK_FLIP_Y_WEBGL pixel storage parameter.

If the source image is an RGB or RGBA lossless image with 8 bits per channel, the browser guarantees that the full precision of all channels is preserved.

If the original image contains an alpha channel and the UNPACK_PREMULTIPLY_ALPHA_WEBGL pixel storage parameter is false, then the RGB values are guaranteed to never have been premultiplied by the alpha channel, whether those values are derived directly from the original file format or converted from some other color format.

Some implementations of HTMLCanvasElement's CanvasRenderingContext2D store color values internally in premultiplied form. If such a canvas is uploaded to a WebGL texture with the UNPACK_PREMULTIPLY_ALPHA_WEBGL pixel storage parameter set to false, the color channels will have to be un-multiplied by the alpha channel, which is a lossy operation. The WebGL implementation therefore can not guarantee that colors with alpha < 1.0 will be preserved losslessly when first drawn to a canvas via CanvasRenderingContext2D and then uploaded to a WebGL texture when the UNPACK_PREMULTIPLY_ALPHA_WEBGL pixel storage parameter is set to false.
If an attempt is made to call this function with no WebGLTexture bound (see above), an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

If this function is called with an HTMLImageElement or HTMLVideoElement whose origin differs from the origin of the containing Document, or with an HTMLCanvasElement whose origin-clean flag is set to false, a SECURITY_ERR exception must be thrown. See Origin Restrictions.

If source is null then an INVALID_VALUE error is generated.

See Pixel Storage Parameters for WebGL-specific pixel storage parameters that affect the behavior of this function.
void texParameterf(GLenum target, GLenum pname, GLfloat param) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.4, man page)
If an attempt is made to call this function with no WebGLTexture bound (see above), an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.
void texParameteri(GLenum target, GLenum pname, GLint param) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.4, man page)
If an attempt is made to call this function with no WebGLTexture bound (see above), an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.
void texSubImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLint xoffset, GLint yoffset, GLsizei width, GLsizei height, GLenum format, GLenum type, ArrayBufferView? pixels) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.2, man page)
See texImage2D for restrictions on the format and pixels arguments.

If an attempt is made to call this function with no WebGLTexture bound (see above), an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

If type does not match the type originally used to define the texture, an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

If pixels is null then an INVALID_VALUE error is generated.

See Pixel Storage Parameters for WebGL-specific pixel storage parameters that affect the behavior of this function.

void texSubImage2D(GLenum target, GLint level, GLint xoffset, GLint yoffset, GLenum format, GLenum type, TexImageSource? source) /* May throw DOMException */ (OpenGL ES 2.0 §3.7.2, man page)

Updates a sub-rectangle of the currently bound WebGLTexture with the contents of the given element or image data.

The width and height of the updated sub-rectangle are determined as specified in section Texture Upload Width and Height.

See texImage2D for the interpretation of the format and type arguments, and notes on the UNPACK_PREMULTIPLY_ALPHA_WEBGL pixel storage parameter.

The first pixel transferred from the source to the WebGL implementation corresponds to the upper left corner of the source. This behavior is modified by the the UNPACK_FLIP_Y_WEBGL pixel storage parameter.

If an attempt is made to call this function with no WebGLTexture bound (see above), an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

If type does not match the type originally used to define the texture, an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

If this function is called with an HTMLImageElement or HTMLVideoElement whose origin differs from the origin of the containing Document, or with an HTMLCanvasElement whose origin-clean flag is set to false, a SECURITY_ERR exception must be thrown. See Origin Restrictions.

If source is null then an INVALID_VALUE error is generated.

See Pixel Storage Parameters for WebGL-specific pixel storage parameters that affect the behavior of this function.

Programs and Shaders

Rendering with OpenGL ES 2.0 requires the use of shaders, written in OpenGL ES's shading language, GLSL ES. Shaders must be loaded with a source string (shaderSource), compiled (compileShader) and attached to a program (attachShader) which must be linked (linkProgram) and then used (useProgram).

void attachShader(WebGLProgram? program, WebGLShader? shader) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.3, man page)
void bindAttribLocation(WebGLProgram? program, GLuint index, DOMString name) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.4, man page)
If the passed name is longer than the restriction defined in Maximum Uniform and Attribute Location Lengths, generates an INVALID_VALUE error.

If name starts with one of the reserved WebGL prefixes per GLSL Constructs, generates an INVALID_OPERATION error.

See Characters Outside the GLSL Source Character Set for additional validation performed by WebGL implementations.
void compileShader(WebGLShader? shader) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.1, man page)
See Supported GLSL Constructs, Maximum GLSL Token Size, Characters Outside the GLSL Source Character Set, Maximum Nesting of Structures in GLSL Shaders, and Packing Restrictions for Uniforms and Varyings for additional constraints enforced in, additional constructs supported by, and additional validation performed by WebGL implementations.
WebGLProgram? createProgram() (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.3, man page)
Create a WebGLProgram object and initialize it with a program object name as if by calling glCreateProgram.
WebGLShader? createShader(type) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.1, man page)
Create a WebGLShader object and initialize it with a shader object name as if by calling glCreateShader.
void deleteProgram(WebGLProgram? program) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.3, man page)
Delete the program object contained in the passed WebGLProgram as if by calling glDeleteProgram. If the program has already been deleted the call has no effect. Note that the program object will be deleted when the WebGLProgram object is destroyed. This method merely gives the author greater control over when the program object is destroyed.
void deleteShader(WebGLShader? shader) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.1, man page)
Delete the shader object contained in the passed WebGLShader as if by calling glDeleteShader. If the shader has already been deleted the call has no effect. Note that the shader object will be deleted when the WebGLShader object is destroyed. This method merely gives the author greater control over when the shader object is destroyed.
void detachShader(WebGLProgram? program, WebGLShader? shader) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.3, man page)
sequence<WebGLShader>? getAttachedShaders(WebGLProgram? program) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.8, man page)

Returns a new object representing the list of shaders attached to the passed program.

Returns null if any OpenGL errors are generated during the execution of this function.

any getProgramParameter(WebGLProgram? program, GLenum pname) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.8, similar to man page)
Return the value for the passed pname given the passed program. The type returned is the natural type for the requested pname, as given in the following table:
pnamereturned type
DELETE_STATUSGLboolean
LINK_STATUSGLboolean
VALIDATE_STATUSGLboolean
ATTACHED_SHADERSGLint
ACTIVE_ATTRIBUTESGLint
ACTIVE_UNIFORMSGLint

If pname is not in the table above, generates an INVALID_ENUM error and returns null.

Returns null if any OpenGL errors are generated during the execution of this function.

DOMString? getProgramInfoLog(WebGLProgram? program) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.8, man page)

Returns null if any OpenGL errors are generated during the execution of this function.

any getShaderParameter(WebGLShader? shader, GLenum pname) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.8, similar to man page)
Return the value for the passed pname given the passed shader. The type returned is the natural type for the requested pname, as given in the following table:
pnamereturned type
SHADER_TYPEGLenum
DELETE_STATUSGLboolean
COMPILE_STATUSGLboolean

If pname is not in the table above, generates an INVALID_ENUM error and returns null.

Returns null if any OpenGL errors are generated during the execution of this function.

WebGLShaderPrecisionFormat getShaderPrecisionFormat(GLenum shadertype, GLenum precisiontype) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.8, similar to man page)
Return a new WebGLShaderPrecisionFormat describing the range and precision for the specified shader numeric format. The shadertype value can be FRAGMENT_SHADER or VERTEX_SHADER. The precisiontype value can be LOW_FLOAT, MEDIUM_FLOAT, HIGH_FLOAT, LOW_INT, MEDIUM_INT or HIGH_INT.
DOMString? getShaderInfoLog(WebGLShader? shader) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.8, man page)

Returns null if any OpenGL errors are generated during the execution of this function.

DOMString? getShaderSource(WebGLShader? shader) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.8, man page)

Returns null if any OpenGL errors are generated during the execution of this function.

[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isProgram(WebGLProgram? program) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.8, man page)
Return true if the passed WebGLProgram is valid and false otherwise.

Returns false if the program's invalidated flag is set.
[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLboolean isShader(WebGLShader? shader) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.8, man page)
Return true if the passed WebGLShader is valid and false otherwise.

Returns false if the shader's invalidated flag is set.
void linkProgram(WebGLProgram? program) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.3, man page)
See Packing Restrictions for Uniforms and Varyings for additional constraints enforced in, and additional validation performed by, WebGL implementations.
void shaderSource(WebGLShader? shader, DOMString source) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.1, man page)
See Supported GLSL Constructs, Maximum GLSL Token Size, Characters Outside the GLSL Source Character Set, Maximum Nesting of Structures in GLSL Shaders, and Packing Restrictions for Uniforms and Varyings for additional constraints enforced in, additional constructs supported by, and additional validation performed by WebGL implementations.
void useProgram(WebGLProgram? program) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.3, man page)
void validateProgram(WebGLProgram? program) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.5, man page)

Uniforms and attributes

Values used by the shaders are passed in as uniforms or vertex attributes.

void disableVertexAttribArray(GLuint index) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.8, man page)
void enableVertexAttribArray(GLuint index) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.8, man page)
Enable the vertex attribute at index as an array. WebGL imposes additional rules beyond OpenGL ES 2.0 regarding enabled vertex attributes; see Enabled Vertex Attributes and Range Checking.
WebGLActiveInfo? getActiveAttrib(WebGLProgram? program, GLuint index) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.4, man page)
Returns a new WebGLActiveInfo object describing the size, type and name of the vertex attribute at the passed index of the passed program object. If the passed index is out of range, generates an INVALID_VALUE error and returns null.

Returns null if any OpenGL errors are generated during the execution of this function.

WebGLActiveInfo? getActiveUniform(WebGLProgram? program, GLuint index) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.4, man page)
Returns a new WebGLActiveInfo object describing the size, type and name of the uniform at the passed index of the passed program object. If the passed index is out of range, generates an INVALID_VALUE error and returns null.

Returns null if any OpenGL errors are generated during the execution of this function.

[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLint getAttribLocation(WebGLProgram? program, DOMString name) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.4, man page)
If the passed name is longer than the restriction defined in Maximum Uniform and Attribute Location Lengths, generates an INVALID_VALUE error and returns -1.

Returns -1 if name starts with one of the reserved WebGL prefixes per GLSL Constructs.

Returns -1 if the context's webgl context lost flag is set.

If the invalidated flag of the passed program is set, generates an INVALID_OPERATION error and returns -1.

See Characters Outside the GLSL Source Character Set for additional validation performed by WebGL implementations.
any getUniform(WebGLProgram? program, WebGLUniformLocation? location) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.8, man page)
Return the uniform value at the passed location in the passed program. The type returned is dependent on the uniform type, as shown in the following table:
uniform typereturned type
booleanGLboolean
intGLint
floatGLfloat
vec2Float32Array (with 2 elements)
ivec2Int32Array (with 2 elements)
bvec2sequence<GLboolean> (with 2 elements)
vec3Float32Array (with 3 elements)
ivec3Int32Array (with 3 elements)
bvec3sequence<GLboolean> (with 3 elements)
vec4Float32Array (with 4 elements)
ivec4Int32Array (with 4 elements)
bvec4sequence<GLboolean> (with 4 elements)
mat2Float32Array (with 4 elements)
mat3Float32Array (with 9 elements)
mat4Float32Array (with 16 elements)
sampler2DGLint
samplerCubeGLint

All queries returning sequences or typed arrays return a new object each time.

Returns null if any OpenGL errors are generated during the execution of this function.

WebGLUniformLocation? getUniformLocation(WebGLProgram? program, DOMString name) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.4, man page)

Return a new WebGLUniformLocation that represents the location of a specific uniform variable within a program object. The return value is null if name does not correspond to an active uniform variable in the passed program.

If the passed name is longer than the restriction defined in Maximum Uniform and Attribute Location Lengths, generates an INVALID_VALUE error and returns null.

Returns null if name starts with one of the reserved WebGL prefixes per GLSL Constructs.

See Characters Outside the GLSL Source Character Set for additional validation performed by WebGL implementations.

Returns null if any OpenGL errors are generated during the execution of this function.

any getVertexAttrib(GLuint index, GLenum pname) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.8, man page)
Return the information requested in pname about the vertex attribute at the passed index. The type returned is dependent on the information requested, as shown in the following table:
pnamereturned type
VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_BUFFER_BINDINGWebGLBuffer
VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_ENABLEDGLboolean
VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_SIZEGLint
VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_STRIDEGLint
VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_TYPEGLenum
VERTEX_ATTRIB_ARRAY_NORMALIZEDGLboolean
CURRENT_VERTEX_ATTRIBFloat32Array (with 4 elements)

All queries returning sequences or typed arrays return a new object each time.

If pname is not in the table above, generates an INVALID_ENUM error.

If an OpenGL error is generated, returns null.

[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] GLsizeiptr getVertexAttribOffset(GLuint index, GLenum pname) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §6.1.8, similar to man page)
Returns 0 if the context's webgl context lost flag is set.

void uniform[1234][fi](WebGLUniformLocation? location, ...)

void uniform[1234][fi]v(WebGLUniformLocation? location, ...)

void uniformMatrix[234]fv(WebGLUniformLocation? location, GLboolean transpose, ...) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.10.4, man page)

Each of the uniform* functions above sets the specified uniform or uniforms to the values provided. If the passed location is not null and was not obtained from the currently used program via an earlier call to getUniformLocation, an INVALID_OPERATION error will be generated. If the passed location is null, the data passed in will be silently ignored and no uniform variables will be changed.

If the array passed to any of the vector forms (those ending in v) has an invalid length, an INVALID_VALUE error will be generated. The length is invalid if it is too short for or is not an integer multiple of the assigned type.

void vertexAttrib[1234]f(GLuint indx, ...)

void vertexAttrib[1234]fv(GLuint indx, ...) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.7, man page)

Sets the vertex attribute at the passed index to the given constant value. Values set via the vertexAttrib are guaranteed to be returned from the getVertexAttrib function with the CURRENT_VERTEX_ATTRIB param, even if there have been intervening calls to drawArrays or drawElements.
void vertexAttribPointer(GLuint indx, GLint size, GLenum type, GLboolean normalized, GLsizei stride, GLintptr offset) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.8, man page)
Assign the WebGLBuffer object currently bound to the ARRAY_BUFFER target to the vertex attribute at the passed index. Size is number of components per attribute. Stride and offset are in units of bytes. Passed stride and offset must be appropriate for the passed type and size or an INVALID_OPERATION error will be generated; see Buffer Offset and Stride Requirements. If offset is negative, an INVALID_VALUE error will be generated. If no WebGLBuffer is bound to the ARRAY_BUFFER target, an INVALID_OPERATION error will be generated. In WebGL, the maximum supported stride is 255; see Vertex Attribute Data Stride.

Writing to the drawing buffer

OpenGL ES 2.0 has 3 calls which can render to the drawing buffer: clear, drawArrays and drawElements. Furthermore rendering can be directed to the drawing buffer or to a Framebuffer object. When rendering is directed to the drawing buffer, making any of the 3 rendering calls shall cause the drawing buffer to be presented to the HTML page compositor at the start of the next compositing operation.

void clear(GLbitfield mask) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.2.3, man page)
void drawArrays(GLenum mode, GLint first, GLsizei count) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.8, man page)
If first is negative, an INVALID_VALUE error will be generated. If the CURRENT_PROGRAM is null, an INVALID_OPERATION error will be generated.
void drawElements(GLenum mode, GLsizei count, GLenum type, GLintptr offset) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §2.8, man page)
Draw using the currently bound element array buffer. The given offset is in bytes, and must be a valid multiple of the size of the given type or an INVALID_OPERATION error will be generated; see Buffer Offset and Stride Requirements. If count is greater than zero, then a non-null WebGLBuffer must be bound to the ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER binding point or an INVALID_OPERATION error will be generated.

If the CURRENT_PROGRAM is null, an INVALID_OPERATION error will be generated. WebGL performs additional error checking beyond that specified in OpenGL ES 2.0 during calls to drawArrays and drawElements. See Enabled Vertex Attributes and Range Checking.
void finish() (OpenGL ES 2.0 §5.1, man page)
void flush() (OpenGL ES 2.0 §5.1, man page)

Reading back pixels

Pixels in the current framebuffer can be read back into an ArrayBufferView object.

void readPixels(GLint x, GLint y, GLsizei width, GLsizei height, GLenum format, GLenum type, ArrayBufferView? pixels) (OpenGL ES 2.0 §4.3.1, man page)
Fills pixels with the pixel data in the specified rectangle of the frame buffer. The data returned from readPixels must be up-to-date as of the most recently sent drawing command.

The type of pixels must match the type of the data to be read. For example, if it is UNSIGNED_BYTE, a Uint8Array must be supplied; if it is UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_6_5, UNSIGNED_SHORT_4_4_4_4, or UNSIGNED_SHORT_5_5_5_1, a Uint16Array must be supplied. If the types do not match, an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

Only two combinations of format and type are accepted. The first is format RGBA and type UNSIGNED_BYTE. The second is an implementation-chosen format. The values of format and type for this format may be determined by calling getParameter with the symbolic constants IMPLEMENTATION_COLOR_READ_FORMAT and IMPLEMENTATION_COLOR_READ_TYPE, respectively. The implementation-chosen format may vary depending on the format of the currently bound rendering surface. Unsupported combinations of format and type will generate an INVALID_OPERATION error.

If pixels is null, an INVALID_VALUE error is generated. If pixels is non-null, but is not large enough to retrieve all of the pixels in the specified rectangle taking into account pixel store modes, an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

For any pixel lying outside the frame buffer, the value read contains 0 in all channels; see Reading Pixels Outside the Framebuffer.

If this function attempts to read from a complete framebuffer with a missing color attachment, an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated per Reading from a Missing Attachment.

Detecting context lost events

Occurrences such as power events on mobile devices may cause the WebGL rendering context to be lost at any time and require the application to rebuild it; see WebGLContextEvent for more details. The following method assists in detecting context lost events.

[WebGLHandlesContextLoss] boolean isContextLost()
Return true if the webgl context lost flag is set, otherwise return false.

Detecting and enabling extensions

An implementation of WebGL must not support any additional parameters, constants or functions without first enabling that functionality through the extension mechanism. The getSupportedExtensions function returns an array of the extension strings supported by this implementation. An extension is enabled by passing one of those strings to the getExtension function. This call returns an object which contains any constants or functions defined by that extension. The definition of that object is specific to the extension and must be defined by the extension specification.

Once an extension is enabled, it is only disabled if the WebGL rendering context is lost (see below), with the exception of the "WEBGL_lose_context" extension which remains active through any loss of context. Any objects referenced by a disabled extension, such as the object returned by getExtension, are no longer associated with the WebGL rendering context. Any extension objects that derive from WebGLObject have their invalidated flag set to true. Any use of a disabled extension or its referenced objects generates an INVALID_OPERATION error.

There are no other mechanisms to disable an extension.

Multiple calls to getExtension with the same extension string, taking into account case-insensitive comparison, must return the same object as long as the extension is enabled. An attempt to use any features of an extension without first calling getExtension to enable it must generate an appropriate GL error and must not make use of the feature.

This specification does not define any extensions. A separate WebGL extension registry defines extensions that may be supported by a particular WebGL implementation.

sequence<DOMString>? getSupportedExtensions()
Returns a list of all the supported extension strings.
object? getExtension(DOMString name)
Returns an object if, and only if, name is an ASCII case-insensitive match [HTML] for one of the names returned from getSupportedExtensions; otherwise, returns null. The object returned from getExtension contains any constants or functions provided by the extension. A returned object may have no constants or functions if the extension does not define any, but a unique object must still be returned. That object is used to indicate that the extension has been enabled.

WebGLContextEvent

WebGL generates a WebGLContextEvent event in response to a status change to the WebGL rendering context associated with the HTMLCanvasElement which has a listener for this event. Events are sent using the DOM Event System [DOM3EVENTS]. Event types can include the loss or restoration of state, or the inability to create a context. EventInit is defined in the DOM4 specification [DOM4].

To fire a WebGL context event named e means that an event using the WebGLContextEvent interface, with its type attribute [DOM4] initialized to e, its cancelable attribute initialized to true, and its isTrusted attribute [DOM4] initialized to true, is to be dispatched at the given object.

[Constructor(DOMString type, optional WebGLContextEventInit eventInit)]
interface WebGLContextEvent : Event {
    readonly attribute DOMString statusMessage;
};

// EventInit is defined in the DOM4 specification.
dictionary WebGLContextEventInit : EventInit {
    DOMString statusMessage;
};

The task source for all tasks queued [HTML] in this section is the WebGL task source.

Attributes

The following attributes are available:

statusMessage of type DOMString
A string containing additional information, or the empty string if no additional information is available.

The Context Lost Event

When the user agent detects that the drawing buffer associated with a WebGLRenderingContext context has been lost, it must run the following steps:

  1. Let canvas be the context's canvas.
  2. If context's webgl context lost flag is set, abort these steps.
  3. Set context's webgl context lost flag.
  4. Set the invalidated flag of each WebGLObject instance created by this context.
  5. Disable all extensions except "WEBGL_lose_context".
  6. Queue a task to perform the following steps:
    1. Fire a WebGL context event named "webglcontextlost" at canvas, with its statusMessage attribute set to "".
    2. If the event's canceled flag is not set, abort these steps.
    3. Perform the following steps asynchronously.
    4. Await a restorable drawing buffer.
    5. Queue a task to restore the drawing buffer for context.

The following code prevents the default behavior of the webglcontextlost event and enables the webglcontextrestored event to be delivered:
canvas.addEventListener("webglcontextlost", function(e) { e.preventDefault(); }, false); 

The Context Restored Event

When the user agent is to restore the drawing buffer for a WebGLRenderingContext context, it must run the following steps:

  1. Let canvas be the canvas object associated with context.
  2. If context's webgl context lost flag is not set, abort these steps.
  3. Create a drawing buffer using the settings specified in context's context creation parameters, and associate the drawing buffer with context, discarding any previous drawing buffer.
  4. Clear context's webgl context lost flag.
  5. Reset context's OpenGL error state.
  6. Fire a WebGL context event named "webglcontextrestored" at canvas, with its statusMessage attribute set to "".

Once the context is restored, WebGL resources such as textures and buffers that were created before the context was lost are no longer valid. The application needs to reinitialize the context's state and recreate all such resources.
The following code illustrates how an application can handle context loss and restoration:
function initializeGame() {
  initializeWorld();
  initializeResources();
}

function initializeResources() {
  initializeShaders();
  initializeBuffers();
  initializeTextures();

  // ready to draw, start the main loop
  renderFrame();
}

function renderFrame() {
  updateWorld();
  drawSkyBox();
  drawWalls();
  drawMonsters();

  requestId = window.requestAnimationFrame(
      renderFrame, canvas);
}

canvas.addEventListener(
    "webglcontextlost", function (event) {

  // inform WebGL that we handle context restoration
  event.preventDefault();

  // Stop rendering
  window.cancelAnimationFrame(requestId);
}, false);

canvas.addEventListener(
    "webglcontextrestored", function (event) {

  initializeResources();
}, false);

initializeGame();

The Context Creation Error Event

When the user agent is to fire a WebGL context creation error at a canvas, it must perform the following steps:

  1. Fire a WebGL context event named "webglcontextcreationerror" at canvas, optionally with its statusMessage attribute set to a platform dependent string about the nature of the failure.

The following code illustrates how an application can retrieve information about context creation failure:
var errorInfo = "";
function onContextCreationError(event) {

  canvas.removeEventListener(
     "webglcontextcreationerror",
     onContextCreationError, false);

  errorInfo = e.statusMessage || "Unknown";
}

canvas.addEventListener(
    "webglcontextcreationerror",
    onContextCreationError, false);

var gl = canvas.getContext("experimental-webgl");
if(!gl) {
  alert("A WebGL context could not be created.\nReason: " +
        errorInfo);
}

Differences Between WebGL and OpenGL ES 2.0

This section describes changes made to the WebGL API relative to the OpenGL ES 2.0 API to improve portability across various operating systems and devices.

Buffer Object Binding

In the WebGL API, a given buffer object may only be bound to one of the ARRAY_BUFFER or ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER binding points in its lifetime. This restriction implies that a given buffer object may contain either vertices or indices, but not both.

The type of a WebGLBuffer is initialized the first time it is passed as an argument to bindBuffer. A subsequent call to bindBuffer which attempts to bind the same WebGLBuffer to the other binding point will generate an INVALID_OPERATION error, and the state of the binding point will remain untouched.

No Client Side Arrays

The WebGL API does not support client-side arrays. If vertexAttribPointer is called without a WebGLBuffer bound to the ARRAY_BUFFER binding point, an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated. If drawElements is called with a count greater than zero, and no WebGLBuffer is bound to the ELEMENT_ARRAY_BUFFER binding point, an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

No Default Textures

The WebGL API does not support default textures. A non-null WebGLTexture object must be bound in order for texture-related operations and queries to succeed.

Buffer Offset and Stride Requirements

The offset arguments to drawElements and vertexAttribPointer, and the stride argument to vertexAttribPointer, must be a multiple of the size of the data type passed to the call, or an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated.

Enabled Vertex Attributes and Range Checking

If a vertex attribute is enabled as an array via enableVertexAttribArray but no buffer is bound to that attribute via bindBuffer and vertexAttribPointer, then calls to drawArrays or drawElements will generate an INVALID_OPERATION error.

If a vertex attribute is enabled as an array, a buffer is bound to that attribute, and the attribute is consumed by the current program, then calls to drawArrays and drawElements will verify that each referenced vertex lies within the storage of the bound buffer. If the range specified in drawArrays or any referenced index in drawElements lies outside the storage of the bound buffer, an INVALID_OPERATION error is generated and no geometry is drawn.

If a vertex attribute is enabled as an array, a buffer is bound to that attribute, but the attribute is not consumed by the current program, then regardless of the size of the bound buffer, it will not cause any error to be generated during a call to drawArrays or drawElements.

Framebuffer Object Attachments

WebGL adds the DEPTH_STENCIL_ATTACHMENT framebuffer object attachment point and the DEPTH_STENCIL renderbuffer internal format. To attach both depth and stencil buffers to a framebuffer object, call renderbufferStorage with the DEPTH_STENCIL internal format, and then call framebufferRenderbuffer with the DEPTH_STENCIL_ATTACHMENT attachment point.

A renderbuffer attached to the DEPTH_ATTACHMENT attachment point must be allocated with the DEPTH_COMPONENT16 internal format. A renderbuffer attached to the STENCIL_ATTACHMENT attachment point must be allocated with the STENCIL_INDEX8 internal format. A renderbuffer attached to the DEPTH_STENCIL_ATTACHMENT attachment point must be allocated with the DEPTH_STENCIL internal format.

In the WebGL API, it is an error to concurrently attach renderbuffers to the following combinations of attachment points:

If any of the constraints above are violated, then: The following combinations of framebuffer object attachments, when all of the attachments are framebuffer attachment complete, non-zero, and have the same width and height, must result in the framebuffer being framebuffer complete:

Texture Upload Width and Height

Unless width and height parameters are explicitly specified, the width and height of the texture set by texImage2D and the width and height of the sub-rectangle updated by texSubImage2D are determined based on the uploaded TexImageSource source object:

source of type ImageData
The width and height of the texture are set to the current values of the width and height properties of the ImageData object, representing the actual pixel width and height of the ImageData object.
source of type HTMLImageElement
If a bitmap is uploaded, the width and height of the texture are set to the width and height of the uploaded bitmap in pixels. If an SVG image is uploaded, the width and height of the texture are set to the current values of the width and height properties of the HTMLImageElement object.
source of type HTMLCanvasElement
The width and height of the texture are set to the current values of the width and height properties of the HTMLCanvasElement object.
source of type HTMLVideoElement
The width and height of the texture are set to the width and height of the uploaded frame of the video in pixels.

Pixel Storage Parameters

The WebGL API supports the following additional parameters to pixelStorei.

UNPACK_FLIP_Y_WEBGL of type boolean
If set, then during any subsequent calls to texImage2D or texSubImage2D, the source data is flipped along the vertical axis, so that conceptually the last row is the first one transferred. The initial value is false. Any non-zero value is interpreted as true.
UNPACK_PREMULTIPLY_ALPHA_WEBGL of type boolean
If set, then during any subsequent calls to texImage2D or texSubImage2D, the alpha channel of the source data, if present, is multiplied into the color channels during the data transfer. The initial value is false. Any non-zero value is interpreted as true.
UNPACK_COLORSPACE_CONVERSION_WEBGL of type unsigned long
If set to BROWSER_DEFAULT_WEBGL, then the browser's default colorspace conversion is applied during subsequent texImage2D and texSubImage2D calls taking HTMLImageElement. The precise conversions may be specific to both the browser and file type. If set to NONE, no colorspace conversion is applied. The initial value is BROWSER_DEFAULT_WEBGL.

Reading Pixels Outside the Framebuffer

In the WebGL API, functions which read the framebuffer (copyTexImage2D, copyTexSubImage2D, and readPixels) are defined to generate the RGBA value (0, 0, 0, 0) for any pixel which is outside of the bound framebuffer.

Stencil Separate Mask and Reference Value

In the WebGL API it is illegal to specify a different mask or reference value for front facing and back facing triangles in stencil operations. A call to drawArrays or drawElements will generate an INVALID_OPERATION error if:

Vertex Attribute Data Stride

The WebGL API supports vertex attribute data strides up to 255 bytes. A call to vertexAttribPointer will generate an INVALID_VALUE error if the value for the stride parameter exceeds 255.

Viewport Depth Range

The WebGL API does not support depth ranges with where the near plane is mapped to a value greater than that of the far plane. A call to depthRange will generate an INVALID_OPERATION error if zNear is greater than zFar.

Blending With Constant Color

In the WebGL API, constant color and constant alpha cannot be used together as source and destination factors in the blend function. A call to blendFunc will generate an INVALID_OPERATION error if one of the two factors is set to CONSTANT_COLOR or ONE_MINUS_CONSTANT_COLOR and the other to CONSTANT_ALPHA or ONE_MINUS_CONSTANT_ALPHA. A call to blendFuncSeparate will generate an INVALID_OPERATION error if srcRGB is set to CONSTANT_COLOR or ONE_MINUS_CONSTANT_COLOR and dstRGB is set to CONSTANT_ALPHA or ONE_MINUS_CONSTANT_ALPHA or vice versa.

Fixed point support

The WebGL API does not support the GL_FIXED data type.

GLSL Constructs

Per Supported GLSL Constructs, identifiers starting with "webgl_" and "_webgl_" are reserved for use by WebGL.

Extension Queries

In the OpenGL ES 2.0 API, the available extensions are determined by calling glGetString(GL_EXTENSIONS), which returns a space-separated list of extension strings. In the WebGL API, the EXTENSIONS enumerant has been removed. Instead, getSupportedExtensions must be called to determine the set of available extensions.

Compressed Texture Support

The core WebGL specification does not define any supported compressed texture formats. Therefore, in the absence of any other extensions being enabled:

Maximum GLSL Token Size

The GLSL ES spec [GLES20GLSL] does not define a limit to the length of tokens. WebGL requires support of tokens up to 256 characters in length. Shaders containing tokens longer than 256 characters must fail to compile.

Characters Outside the GLSL Source Character Set

The GLSL ES spec [GLES20GLSL] defines the source character set for the OpenGL ES shading language to be ISO/IEC 646:1991, commonly called ASCII [ASCII]. If a string containing a character not in this set is passed to any of the shader-related entry points bindAttribLocation, getAttribLocation, getUniformLocation, or shaderSource, an INVALID_VALUE error will be generated. The exception is that any character allowed in an HTML DOMString [DOMSTRING] may be used in GLSL comments. Such use must not generate an error.

Some GLSL implementations disallow characters outside the ASCII range, even in comments. The WebGL implementation needs to prevent errors in such cases. The recommended technique is to preprocess the GLSL string, removing all comments, but maintaining the line numbering for debugging purposes by inserting newline characters as needed.

Maximum Nesting of Structures in GLSL Shaders

WebGL imposes a limit on the nesting of structures in GLSL shaders. Nesting occurs when a field in a struct refers to another struct type; the GLSL ES spec [GLES20GLSL] forbids embedded structure definitions. The fields in a top-level struct definition have a nesting level of 1.

WebGL requires support of a structure nesting level of 4. Shaders containing structures nested more than 4 levels deep must fail to compile.

Maximum Uniform and Attribute Location Lengths

WebGL imposes a limit of 256 characters on the lengths of uniform and attribute locations.

String Length Queries

In the WebGL API, the enumerants INFO_LOG_LENGTH, SHADER_SOURCE_LENGTH, ACTIVE_UNIFORM_MAX_LENGTH, and ACTIVE_ATTRIBUTE_MAX_LENGTH have been removed. In the OpenGL ES 2.0 API, these enumerants are needed to determine the size of buffers passed to calls like glGetActiveAttrib. In the WebGL API, the analogous calls (getActiveAttrib, getActiveUniform, getProgramInfoLog, getShaderInfoLog, and getShaderSource) all return DOMString.

Texture Type in TexSubImage2D Calls

In the WebGL API, the type argument passed to texSubImage2D must match the type used to originally define the texture object (i.e., using texImage2D).

Packing Restrictions for Uniforms and Varyings

The OpenGL ES Shading Language, Version 1.00 [GLES20GLSL], Appendix A, Section 7 "Counting of Varyings and Uniforms" defines a conservative algorithm for computing the storage required for all of the uniform and varying variables in a shader. The GLSL ES specification requires that if the packing algorithm defined in Appendix A succeeds, then the shader must succeed compilation on the target platform. The WebGL API further requires that if the packing algorithm fails either for the uniform variables of a shader or for the varying variables of a program, compilation or linking must fail.

Instead of using a fixed size grid of registers, the number of rows in the target architecture is determined in the following ways:

Feedback Loops Between Textures and the Framebuffer

In the OpenGL ES 2.0 API, it's possible to make calls that both write to and read from the same texture, creating a feedback loop. It specifies that where these feedback loops exist, undefined behavior results.

In the WebGL API, such operations that would cause such feedback loops (by the definitions in the OpenGL ES 2.0 spec) will instead generate an INVALID_OPERATION error.

Reading From a Missing Attachment

In the OpenGL ES 2.0 API, it is not specified what happens when a command tries to source data from a missing attachment, such as ReadPixels of color data from a complete framebuffer that does not have a color attachment.

In the WebGL API, such operations that require data from an attachment that is missing will generate an INVALID_OPERATION error. This applies to the following functions:

References

Normative references

[CANVAS]
HTML5: The Canvas Element, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
[CANVASCONTEXTS]
Canvas Context Registry, WHATWG.
[TYPEDARRAYS]
Typed Array Specification: Editor's Draft, V. Vukicevic, K. Russell, May 2010.
[GLES20]
OpenGL® ES Common Profile Specification Version 2.0.25, A. Munshi, J. Leech, November 2010.
[GLES20GLSL]
The OpenGL® ES Shading Language Version 1.00, R. Simpson, May 2009.
[REGISTRY]
WebGL Extension Registry
[RFC2119]
Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels, S. Bradner. IETF, March 1997.
[CSS]
Cascading Style Sheets Level 2 Revision 1 (CSS 2.1) Specification, B. Bos, T. Celik, I. Hickson, H. W. Lie, June 2011.
[CORS]
Cross-Origin Resource Sharing, A. van Kesteren, July 2010.
[DOM4]
DOM4, A. van Kesteren, A. Gregor, Ms2ger.
[DOM3EVENTS]
Document Object Model (DOM) Level 3 Events Specification, Doug Schepers and Jacob Rossi. W3C.
[HTML]
HTML, I. Hickson, June 2011.
[WEBIDL]
Web IDL: W3C Editor’s Draft, C. McCormack.
[ASCII]
International Standard ISO/IEC 646:1991. Information technology - ISO 7-bit coded character set for information interchange
[DOMSTRING]
Document Object Model Core: The DOMString type, World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).

Other references

Acknowledgments

This specification is produced by the Khronos WebGL Working Group.

Special thanks to: Arun Ranganathan (Mozilla), Chris Marrin (Apple), Jon Leech, Kenneth Russell (Google), Kenneth Waters (Google), Mark Callow (HI), Mark Steele (Mozilla), Oliver Hunt (Apple), Tim Johansson (Opera), Vangelis Kokkevis (Google), Vladimir Vukicevic (Mozilla), Gregg Tavares (Google)

Additional thanks to: Alan Hudson (Yumetech), Benoit Jacob (Mozilla), Bill Licea Kane (AMD), Boris Zbarsky (Mozilla), Cameron McCormack (Mozilla), Cedric Vivier (Zegami), Dan Gessel (Apple), David Ligon (Qualcomm), David Sheets (Ashima Arts), Glenn Maynard, Greg Roth (Nvidia), Jacob Strom (Ericsson), Jeff Gilbert (Mozilla), Kari Pulli (Nokia), Teddie Stenvi (ST-Ericsson), Neil Trevett (Nvidia), Per Wennersten (Ericsson), Per-Erik Brodin (Ericsson), Shiki Okasaka (Google), Tom Olson (ARM), Zhengrong Yao (Ericsson), and the members of the Khronos WebGL Working Group.