## C Specification

To copy data between image objects, call:

void vkCmdCopyImage(
VkCommandBuffer                             commandBuffer,
VkImage                                     srcImage,
VkImageLayout                               srcImageLayout,
VkImage                                     dstImage,
VkImageLayout                               dstImageLayout,
uint32_t                                    regionCount,
const VkImageCopy*                          pRegions);

## Parameters

• commandBuffer is the command buffer into which the command will be recorded.

• srcImage is the source image.

• srcImageLayout is the current layout of the source image subresource.

• dstImage is the destination image.

• dstImageLayout is the current layout of the destination image subresource.

• regionCount is the number of regions to copy.

• pRegions is a pointer to an array of VkImageCopy structures specifying the regions to copy.

## Description

Each region in pRegions is copied from the source image to the same region of the destination image. srcImage and dstImage can be the same image or alias the same memory.

The formats of srcImage and dstImage must be compatible. Formats are compatible if they share the same class, as shown in the Compatible Formats table. Depth/stencil formats must match exactly.

If the format of srcImage or dstImage is a multi-planar image format, regions of each plane to be copied must be specified separately using the srcSubresource and dstSubresource members of the VkImageCopy structure. In this case, the aspectMask of the srcSubresource or dstSubresource that refers to the multi-planar image must be VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_0_BIT, VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_1_BIT, or VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_2_BIT. For the purposes of vkCmdCopyImage, each plane of a multi-planar image is treated as having the format listed in https://www.khronos.org/registry/vulkan/specs/1.1-extensions/html/vkspec.html#formats-compatible-planes for the plane identified by the aspectMask of the corresponding subresource. This applies both to VkFormat and to coordinates used in the copy, which correspond to texels in the plane rather than how these texels map to coordinates in the image as a whole.

 Note For example, the VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_1_BIT plane of a VK_FORMAT_G8_B8R8_2PLANE_420_UNORM image is compatible with an image of format VK_FORMAT_R8G8_UNORM and (less usefully) with the VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_0_BIT plane of an image of format VK_FORMAT_G10X6_B10X6_R10X6_3PLANE_420_UNORM_3PACK16, as each texel is 2 bytes in size.

vkCmdCopyImage allows copying between size-compatible compressed and uncompressed internal formats. Formats are size-compatible if the texel block size of the uncompressed format is equal to the texel block size of the compressed format. Such a copy does not perform on-the-fly compression or decompression. When copying from an uncompressed format to a compressed format, each texel of uncompressed data of the source image is copied as a raw value to the corresponding compressed texel block of the destination image. When copying from a compressed format to an uncompressed format, each compressed texel block of the source image is copied as a raw value to the corresponding texel of uncompressed data in the destination image. Thus, for example, it is legal to copy between a 128-bit uncompressed format and a compressed format which has a 128-bit sized compressed texel block representing 4×4 texels (using 8 bits per texel), or between a 64-bit uncompressed format and a compressed format which has a 64-bit sized compressed texel block representing 4×4 texels (using 4 bits per texel).

When copying between compressed and uncompressed formats the extent members represent the texel dimensions of the source image and not the destination. When copying from a compressed image to an uncompressed image the image texel dimensions written to the uncompressed image will be source extent divided by the compressed texel block dimensions. When copying from an uncompressed image to a compressed image the image texel dimensions written to the compressed image will be the source extent multiplied by the compressed texel block dimensions. In both cases the number of bytes read and the number of bytes written will be identical.

Copying to or from block-compressed images is typically done in multiples of the compressed texel block size. For this reason the extent must be a multiple of the compressed texel block dimension. There is one exception to this rule which is required to handle compressed images created with dimensions that are not a multiple of the compressed texel block dimensions: if the srcImage is compressed, then:

• If extent.width is not a multiple of the compressed texel block width, then (extent.width + srcOffset.x) must equal the image subresource width.

• If extent.height is not a multiple of the compressed texel block height, then (extent.height + srcOffset.y) must equal the image subresource height.

• If extent.depth is not a multiple of the compressed texel block depth, then (extent.depth + srcOffset.z) must equal the image subresource depth.

Similarly, if the dstImage is compressed, then:

• If extent.width is not a multiple of the compressed texel block width, then (extent.width + dstOffset.x) must equal the image subresource width.

• If extent.height is not a multiple of the compressed texel block height, then (extent.height + dstOffset.y) must equal the image subresource height.

• If extent.depth is not a multiple of the compressed texel block depth, then (extent.depth + dstOffset.z) must equal the image subresource depth.

This allows the last compressed texel block of the image in each non-multiple dimension to be included as a source or destination of the copy.

_422” image formats that are not multi-planar are treated as having a 2×1 compressed texel block for the purposes of these rules.

vkCmdCopyImage can be used to copy image data between multisample images, but both images must have the same number of samples.

Valid Usage
• The source region specified by each element of pRegions must be a region that is contained within srcImage if the srcImage’s VkFormat is not a multi-planar format, and must be a region that is contained within the plane being copied if the srcImage’s VkFormat is a multi-planar format

• The destination region specified by each element of pRegions must be a region that is contained within dstImage if the dstImage’s VkFormat is not a multi-planar format, and must be a region that is contained within the plane being copied to if the dstImage’s VkFormat is a multi-planar format

• The union of all source regions, and the union of all destination regions, specified by the elements of pRegions, must not overlap in memory

• The format features of srcImage must contain VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_TRANSFER_SRC_BIT.

• srcImage must have been created with VK_IMAGE_USAGE_TRANSFER_SRC_BIT usage flag

• If srcImage is non-sparse then the image or disjoint plane to be copied must be bound completely and contiguously to a single VkDeviceMemory object

• srcImageLayout must specify the layout of the image subresources of srcImage specified in pRegions at the time this command is executed on a VkDevice

• srcImageLayout must be VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_TRANSFER_SRC_OPTIMAL, VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_GENERAL, or VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_SHARED_PRESENT_KHR

• The format features of dstImage must contain VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_TRANSFER_DST_BIT.

• dstImage must have been created with VK_IMAGE_USAGE_TRANSFER_DST_BIT usage flag

• If dstImage is non-sparse then the image or disjoint plane that is the destination of the copy must be bound completely and contiguously to a single VkDeviceMemory object

• dstImageLayout must specify the layout of the image subresources of dstImage specified in pRegions at the time this command is executed on a VkDevice

• dstImageLayout must be VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_TRANSFER_DST_OPTIMAL, VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_GENERAL, or VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_SHARED_PRESENT_KHR

• If the VkFormat of each of srcImage and dstImage is not a multi-planar format, the VkFormat of each of srcImage and dstImage must be compatible, as defined above

• In a copy to or from a plane of a multi-planar image, the VkFormat of the image and plane must be compatible according to the description of compatible planes for the plane being copied

• When a copy is performed to or from an image with a multi-planar format, the aspectMask of the srcSubresource and/or dstSubresource that refers to the multi-planar image must be VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_0_BIT, VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_1_BIT, or VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_2_BIT (with VK_IMAGE_ASPECT_PLANE_2_BIT valid only for a VkFormat with three planes)

• The sample count of srcImage and dstImage must match

• If commandBuffer is an unprotected command buffer, then srcImage must not be a protected image

• If commandBuffer is an unprotected command buffer, then dstImage must not be a protected image

• If commandBuffer is a protected command buffer, then dstImage must not be an unprotected image

• The srcSubresource.mipLevel member of each element of pRegions must be less than the mipLevels specified in VkImageCreateInfo when srcImage was created

• The dstSubresource.mipLevel member of each element of pRegions must be less than the mipLevels specified in VkImageCreateInfo when dstImage was created

• The srcSubresource.baseArrayLayer + srcSubresource.layerCount of each element of pRegions must be less than or equal to the arrayLayers specified in VkImageCreateInfo when srcImage was created

• The dstSubresource.baseArrayLayer + dstSubresource.layerCount of each element of pRegions must be less than or equal to the arrayLayers specified in VkImageCreateInfo when dstImage was created

• The srcOffset and extent members of each element of pRegions must respect the image transfer granularity requirements of commandBuffer’s command pool’s queue family, as described in VkQueueFamilyProperties

• The dstOffset and extent members of each element of pRegions must respect the image transfer granularity requirements of commandBuffer’s command pool’s queue family, as described in VkQueueFamilyProperties

• dstImage and srcImage must not have been created with flags containing VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SUBSAMPLED_BIT_EXT

Valid Usage (Implicit)
• commandBuffer must be a valid VkCommandBuffer handle

• srcImage must be a valid VkImage handle

• srcImageLayout must be a valid VkImageLayout value

• dstImage must be a valid VkImage handle

• dstImageLayout must be a valid VkImageLayout value

• pRegions must be a valid pointer to an array of regionCount valid VkImageCopy structures

• commandBuffer must be in the recording state

• The VkCommandPool that commandBuffer was allocated from must support transfer, graphics, or compute operations

• This command must only be called outside of a render pass instance

• regionCount must be greater than 0

• Each of commandBuffer, dstImage, and srcImage must have been created, allocated, or retrieved from the same VkDevice

Host Synchronization
• Host access to commandBuffer must be externally synchronized

• Host access to the VkCommandPool that commandBuffer was allocated from must be externally synchronized

Command Properties
Command Buffer Levels Render Pass Scope Supported Queue Types Pipeline Type

Primary
Secondary

Outside

Transfer
Graphics
Compute

Transfer