## C Specification

The VkImageCreateInfo structure is defined as:

typedef struct VkImageCreateInfo {
VkStructureType          sType;
const void*              pNext;
VkImageCreateFlags       flags;
VkImageType              imageType;
VkFormat                 format;
VkExtent3D               extent;
uint32_t                 mipLevels;
uint32_t                 arrayLayers;
VkSampleCountFlagBits    samples;
VkImageTiling            tiling;
VkImageUsageFlags        usage;
VkSharingMode            sharingMode;
uint32_t                 queueFamilyIndexCount;
const uint32_t*          pQueueFamilyIndices;
VkImageLayout            initialLayout;
} VkImageCreateInfo;

## Members

• sType is the type of this structure.

• pNext is NULL or a pointer to an extension-specific structure.

• flags is a bitmask of VkImageCreateFlagBits describing additional parameters of the image.

• imageType is a VkImageType value specifying the basic dimensionality of the image. Layers in array textures do not count as a dimension for the purposes of the image type.

• format is a VkFormat describing the format and type of the data elements that will be contained in the image.

• extent is a VkExtent3D describing the number of data elements in each dimension of the base level.

• mipLevels describes the number of levels of detail available for minified sampling of the image.

• arrayLayers is the number of layers in the image.

• samples is the number of sub-data element samples in the image as defined in VkSampleCountFlagBits. See Multisampling.

• tiling is a VkImageTiling value specifying the tiling arrangement of the data elements in memory.

• usage is a bitmask of VkImageUsageFlagBits describing the intended usage of the image.

• sharingMode is a VkSharingMode value specifying the sharing mode of the image when it will be accessed by multiple queue families.

• queueFamilyIndexCount is the number of entries in the pQueueFamilyIndices array.

• pQueueFamilyIndices is a list of queue families that will access this image (ignored if sharingMode is not VK_SHARING_MODE_CONCURRENT).

• initialLayout is a VkImageLayout value specifying the initial VkImageLayout of all image subresources of the image. See Image Layouts.

## Description

Images created with tiling equal to VK_IMAGE_TILING_LINEAR have further restrictions on their limits and capabilities compared to images created with tiling equal to VK_IMAGE_TILING_OPTIMAL. Creation of images with tiling VK_IMAGE_TILING_LINEAR may not be supported unless other parameters meet all of the constraints:

• imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D

• format is not a depth/stencil format

• mipLevels is 1

• arrayLayers is 1

• samples is VK_SAMPLE_COUNT_1_BIT

• usage only includes VK_IMAGE_USAGE_TRANSFER_SRC_BIT and/or VK_IMAGE_USAGE_TRANSFER_DST_BIT

Implementations may support additional limits and capabilities beyond those listed above.

To query an implementation’s specific capabilities for a given combination of format, imageType, tiling, usage, and flags, call vkGetPhysicalDeviceImageFormatProperties. The return value indicates whether that combination of image settings is supported. On success, the VkImageFormatProperties output parameter indicates the set of valid samples bits and the limits for extent, mipLevels, and arrayLayers.

To determine the set of valid usage bits for a given format, call vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties.

Valid Usage
• The combination of format, imageType, tiling, usage, and flags must be supported, as indicated by a VK_SUCCESS return value from vkGetPhysicalDeviceImageFormatProperties invoked with the same values passed to the corresponding parameters.

• If sharingMode is VK_SHARING_MODE_CONCURRENT, pQueueFamilyIndices must be a valid pointer to an array of queueFamilyIndexCount uint32_t values

• If sharingMode is VK_SHARING_MODE_CONCURRENT, queueFamilyIndexCount must be greater than 1

• If sharingMode is VK_SHARING_MODE_CONCURRENT, each element of pQueueFamilyIndices must be unique and must be less than pQueueFamilyPropertyCount returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceQueueFamilyProperties for the physicalDevice that was used to create device

• format must not be VK_FORMAT_UNDEFINED

• extent::width must be greater than 0.

• extent::height must be greater than 0.

• extent::depth must be greater than 0.

• mipLevels must be greater than 0

• arrayLayers must be greater than 0

• If flags contains VK_IMAGE_CREATE_CUBE_COMPATIBLE_BIT, imageType must be VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D

• If imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_1D, extent.width must be less than or equal to VkPhysicalDeviceLimits::maxImageDimension1D, or VkImageFormatProperties::maxExtent.width (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceImageFormatProperties with format, imageType, tiling, usage, and flags equal to those in this structure) - whichever is higher

• If imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D and flags does not contain VK_IMAGE_CREATE_CUBE_COMPATIBLE_BIT, extent.width and extent.height must be less than or equal to VkPhysicalDeviceLimits::maxImageDimension2D, or VkImageFormatProperties::maxExtent.width/height (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceImageFormatProperties with format, imageType, tiling, usage, and flags equal to those in this structure) - whichever is higher

• If imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D and flags contains VK_IMAGE_CREATE_CUBE_COMPATIBLE_BIT, extent.width and extent.height must be less than or equal to VkPhysicalDeviceLimits::maxImageDimensionCube, or VkImageFormatProperties::maxExtent.width/height (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceImageFormatProperties with format, imageType, tiling, usage, and flags equal to those in this structure) - whichever is higher

• If imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D and flags contains VK_IMAGE_CREATE_CUBE_COMPATIBLE_BIT, extent.width and extent.height must be equal and arrayLayers must be greater than or equal to 6

• If imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_3D, extent.width, extent.height and extent.depth must be less than or equal to VkPhysicalDeviceLimits::maxImageDimension3D, or VkImageFormatProperties::maxExtent.width/height/depth (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceImageFormatProperties with format, imageType, tiling, usage, and flags equal to those in this structure) - whichever is higher

• If imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_1D, both extent.height and extent.depth must be 1

• If imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D, extent.depth must be 1

• mipLevels must be less than or equal to ⌊log2(max(extent.width, extent.height, extent.depth))⌋ + 1.

• If any of extent.width, extent.height, or extent.depth are greater than the equivalently named members of VkPhysicalDeviceLimits::maxImageDimension3D, mipLevels must be less than or equal to VkImageFormatProperties::maxMipLevels (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceImageFormatProperties with format, imageType, tiling, usage, and flags equal to those in this structure)

• arrayLayers must be less than or equal to VkImageFormatProperties::maxArrayLayers (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceImageFormatProperties with format, imageType, tiling, usage, and flags equal to those in this structure)

• If imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_3D, arrayLayers must be 1.

• If samples is not VK_SAMPLE_COUNT_1_BIT, imageType must be VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D, flags must not contain VK_IMAGE_CREATE_CUBE_COMPATIBLE_BIT, tiling must be VK_IMAGE_TILING_OPTIMAL, and mipLevels must be equal to 1

• If usage includes VK_IMAGE_USAGE_TRANSIENT_ATTACHMENT_BIT, then bits other than VK_IMAGE_USAGE_COLOR_ATTACHMENT_BIT, VK_IMAGE_USAGE_DEPTH_STENCIL_ATTACHMENT_BIT, and VK_IMAGE_USAGE_INPUT_ATTACHMENT_BIT must not be set

• If usage includes VK_IMAGE_USAGE_COLOR_ATTACHMENT_BIT, VK_IMAGE_USAGE_DEPTH_STENCIL_ATTACHMENT_BIT, VK_IMAGE_USAGE_TRANSIENT_ATTACHMENT_BIT, or VK_IMAGE_USAGE_INPUT_ATTACHMENT_BIT, extent.width must be less than or equal to VkPhysicalDeviceLimits::maxFramebufferWidth

• If usage includes VK_IMAGE_USAGE_COLOR_ATTACHMENT_BIT, VK_IMAGE_USAGE_DEPTH_STENCIL_ATTACHMENT_BIT, VK_IMAGE_USAGE_TRANSIENT_ATTACHMENT_BIT, or VK_IMAGE_USAGE_INPUT_ATTACHMENT_BIT, extent.height must be less than or equal to VkPhysicalDeviceLimits::maxFramebufferHeight

• If usage includes VK_IMAGE_USAGE_TRANSIENT_ATTACHMENT_BIT, usage must also contain at least one of VK_IMAGE_USAGE_COLOR_ATTACHMENT_BIT, VK_IMAGE_USAGE_DEPTH_STENCIL_ATTACHMENT_BIT, or VK_IMAGE_USAGE_INPUT_ATTACHMENT_BIT.

• samples must be a bit value that is set in VkImageFormatProperties::sampleCounts returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceImageFormatProperties with format, imageType, tiling, usage, and flags equal to those in this structure

• If the multisampled storage images feature is not enabled, and usage contains VK_IMAGE_USAGE_STORAGE_BIT, samples must be VK_SAMPLE_COUNT_1_BIT

• If the sparse bindings feature is not enabled, flags must not contain VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPARSE_BINDING_BIT

• If imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_1D, flags must not contain VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPARSE_RESIDENCY_BIT

• If the sparse residency for 2D images feature is not enabled, and imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D, flags must not contain VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPARSE_RESIDENCY_BIT

• If the sparse residency for 3D images feature is not enabled, and imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_3D, flags must not contain VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPARSE_RESIDENCY_BIT

• If the sparse residency for images with 2 samples feature is not enabled, imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D, and samples is VK_SAMPLE_COUNT_2_BIT, flags must not contain VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPARSE_RESIDENCY_BIT

• If the sparse residency for images with 4 samples feature is not enabled, imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D, and samples is VK_SAMPLE_COUNT_4_BIT, flags must not contain VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPARSE_RESIDENCY_BIT

• If the sparse residency for images with 8 samples feature is not enabled, imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D, and samples is VK_SAMPLE_COUNT_8_BIT, flags must not contain VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPARSE_RESIDENCY_BIT

• If the sparse residency for images with 16 samples feature is not enabled, imageType is VK_IMAGE_TYPE_2D, and samples is VK_SAMPLE_COUNT_16_BIT, flags must not contain VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPARSE_RESIDENCY_BIT

• If tiling is VK_IMAGE_TILING_LINEAR, format must be a format that has at least one supported feature bit present in the value of VkFormatProperties::linearTilingFeatures returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties with the same value of format

• If tiling is VK_IMAGE_TILING_LINEAR, and VkFormatProperties::linearTilingFeatures (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties with the same value of format) does not include VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_SAMPLED_IMAGE_BIT, usage must not contain VK_IMAGE_USAGE_SAMPLED_BIT

• If tiling is VK_IMAGE_TILING_LINEAR, and VkFormatProperties::linearTilingFeatures (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties with the same value of format) does not include VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_STORAGE_IMAGE_BIT, usage must not contain VK_IMAGE_USAGE_STORAGE_BIT

• If tiling is VK_IMAGE_TILING_LINEAR, and VkFormatProperties::linearTilingFeatures (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties with the same value of format) does not include VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_COLOR_ATTACHMENT_BIT, usage must not contain VK_IMAGE_USAGE_COLOR_ATTACHMENT_BIT

• If tiling is VK_IMAGE_TILING_LINEAR, and VkFormatProperties::linearTilingFeatures (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties with the same value of format) does not include VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_DEPTH_STENCIL_ATTACHMENT_BIT, usage must not contain VK_IMAGE_USAGE_DEPTH_STENCIL_ATTACHMENT_BIT

• If tiling is VK_IMAGE_TILING_OPTIMAL, format must be a format that has at least one supported feature bit present in the value of VkFormatProperties::optimalTilingFeatures returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties with the same value of format

• If tiling is VK_IMAGE_TILING_OPTIMAL, and VkFormatProperties::optimalTilingFeatures (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties with the same value of format) does not include VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_SAMPLED_IMAGE_BIT, usage must not contain VK_IMAGE_USAGE_SAMPLED_BIT

• If tiling is VK_IMAGE_TILING_OPTIMAL, and VkFormatProperties::optimalTilingFeatures (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties with the same value of format) does not include VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_STORAGE_IMAGE_BIT, usage must not contain VK_IMAGE_USAGE_STORAGE_BIT

• If tiling is VK_IMAGE_TILING_OPTIMAL, and VkFormatProperties::optimalTilingFeatures (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties with the same value of format) does not include VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_COLOR_ATTACHMENT_BIT, usage must not contain VK_IMAGE_USAGE_COLOR_ATTACHMENT_BIT

• If tiling is VK_IMAGE_TILING_OPTIMAL, and VkFormatProperties::optimalTilingFeatures (as returned by vkGetPhysicalDeviceFormatProperties with the same value of format) does not include VK_FORMAT_FEATURE_DEPTH_STENCIL_ATTACHMENT_BIT, usage must not contain VK_IMAGE_USAGE_DEPTH_STENCIL_ATTACHMENT_BIT

• If flags contains VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPARSE_RESIDENCY_BIT or VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPARSE_ALIASED_BIT, it must also contain VK_IMAGE_CREATE_SPARSE_BINDING_BIT

• initialLayout must be VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_UNDEFINED or VK_IMAGE_LAYOUT_PREINITIALIZED.

Valid Usage (Implicit)
• sType must be VK_STRUCTURE_TYPE_IMAGE_CREATE_INFO

• pNext must be NULL

• flags must be a valid combination of VkImageCreateFlagBits values

• imageType must be a valid VkImageType value

• format must be a valid VkFormat value

• samples must be a valid VkSampleCountFlagBits value

• tiling must be a valid VkImageTiling value

• usage must be a valid combination of VkImageUsageFlagBits values

• usage must not be 0

• sharingMode must be a valid VkSharingMode value

• initialLayout must be a valid VkImageLayout value