© Copyright 2014-2017 The Khronos Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Table of Contents

© Copyright 2014-2017 The Khronos Group Inc. All Rights Reserved.

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1. Introduction

This specifies the GLSL.std.450 extended instruction set. It provides instructions for the GLSL built-in functions that do not directly map to native SPIR-V instructions.

Import this extended instruction set using an OpExtInstImport "GLSL.std.450" instruction.

2. Binary Form

Documentation form for each extended instruction:

Extended Instruction Name

Instruction description.

Result Type will describe the Result Type for the OpExtInst instruction.

Number is the extended instruction number to use in the OpExtInst instruction.

Operand 1, Operand 2,… are the operands listed for the OpExtInst instruction.

Any Capability restrictions.

Number

Operand 1

Operand 2

Extended instructions:

Round

Result is the value equal to the nearest whole number to x. The fraction 0.5 will round in a direction chosen by the implementation, presumably the direction that is fastest. This includes the possibility that Round x is the same value as RoundEven x for all values of x.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

1

<id>
x

RoundEven

Result is the value equal to the nearest whole number to x. A fractional part of 0.5 will round toward the nearest even whole number. (Both 3.5 and 4.5 for x will be 4.0.)

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

2

<id>
x

Trunc

Result is the value equal to the nearest whole number to x whose absolute value is not larger than the absolute value of x.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

3

<id>
x

FAbs

Result is x if x ≥ 0; otherwise result is -x.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

4

<id>
x

SAbs

Result is x if x ≥ 0; otherwise result is -x, where x is interpreted as a signed integer.

Result Type and the type of x must both be integer scalar or integer vector types. Result Type and operand types must have the same number of components with the same component width. Results are computed per component.

5

<id>
x

FSign

Result is 1.0 if x > 0, 0.0 if x = 0, or -1.0 if x < 0.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

6

<id>
x

SSign

Result is 1 if x > 0, 0 if x = 0, or -1 if x < 0, where x is interpreted as a signed integer.

Result Type and the type of x must both be integer scalar or integer vector types. Result Type and operand types must have the same number of components with the same component width. Results are computed per component.

7

<id>
x

Floor

Result is the value equal to the nearest whole number that is less than or equal to x.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

8

<id>
x

Ceil

Result is the value equal to the nearest whole number that is greater than or equal to x.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

9

<id>
x

Fract

Result is x - floor x.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

10

<id>
x

Radians

Converts degrees to radians, i.e., degrees * π / 180.

The operand degrees must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of degrees must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

11

<id>
degrees

Degrees

Converts radians to degrees, i.e., radians * 180 / π.

The operand radians must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of radians must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

12

<id>
radians

Sin

The standard trigonometric sine of x radians.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

13

<id>
x

Cos

The standard trigonometric cosine of x radians.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

14

<id>
x

Tan

The standard trigonometric tangent of x radians.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

15

<id>
x

Asin

Arc sine. Result is an angle, in radians, whose sine is x. The range of result values is [-π / 2, π / 2]. Result is undefined if abs x > 1.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

16

<id>
x

Acos

Arc cosine. Result is an angle, in radians, whose cosine is x. The range of result values is [0, π]. Result is undefined if abs x > 1.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

17

<id>
x

Atan

Arc tangent. Result is an angle, in radians, whose tangent is y_over_x. The range of result values is [-π, π].

The operand y_over_x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of y_over_x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

18

<id>
y_over_x

Sinh

Hyperbolic sine of x radians.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

19

<id>
x

Cosh

Hyperbolic cosine of x radians.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

20

<id>
x

Tanh

Hyperbolic tangent of x radians.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

21

<id>
x

Asinh

Arc hyperbolic sine; result is the inverse of sinh.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

22

<id>
x

Acosh

Arc hyperbolic cosine; Result is the non-negative inverse of cosh. Result is undefined if x < 1.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

23

<id>
x

Atanh

Arc hyperbolic tangent; result is the inverse of tanh. Result is undefined if abs x ≥ 1.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

24

<id>
x

Atan2

Arc tangent. Result is an angle, in radians, whose tangent is y / x. The signs of x and y are used to determine what quadrant the angle is in. The range of result values is [-π, π] . Result is undefined if x and y are both 0.

The operand x and y must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

25

<id>
y

<id>
x

Pow

Result is x raised to the y power; xy. Result is undefined if x < 0. Result is undefined if x = 0 and y ≤ 0.

The operand x and y must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

26

<id>
x

<id>
y

Exp

Result is the natural exponentiation of x; ex.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

27

<id>
x

Log

Result is the natural logarithm of x, i.e., the value y which satisfies the equation x = ey. Result is undefined if x ≤ 0.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

28

<id>
x

Exp2

Result is 2 raised to the x power; 2x.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

29

<id>
x

Log2

Result is the base-2 logarithm of x, i.e., the value y which satisfies the equation x = 2y. Result is undefined if x ≤ 0.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

30

<id>
x

Sqrt

Result is the square root of x. Result is undefined if x < 0.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

31

<id>
x

InverseSqrt

Result is the reciprocal of sqrt x. Result is undefined if x ≤ 0.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

32

<id>
x

Determinant

Result is the determinant of x.

The operand x must be a square matrix.

Result Type must be the same type as the component type in the columns of x.

33

<id>
x

MatrixInverse

Result is a matrix that is the inverse of x. The values in the result are undefined if x is singular or poorly conditioned (nearly singular).

The operand x must be a square matrix.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type.

34

<id>
x

Modf

Result is the fractional part of x and stores through i the whole number part (as a whole-number floating-point value). Both the result and the output parameter will have the same sign as x.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

The operand i must have a pointer type.

Result Type, the type of x, and the type i points to must all be the same type Results are computed per component.

35

<id>
x

<id>
i

ModfStruct

Same semantics as in Modf, except that the entire result is in the instruction’s result; there is not a pointer operand to write through.

Result Type must be an OpTypeStruct with two members. Member 0 holds the fractional part. Member 1 holds the whole number part. These two members, and the Result Type must all have the same type. This structure type must be explicitly declared by the module.

36

<id>
x

FMin

Result is y if y < x; otherwise result is x. Which operand is the result is undefined if one of the operands is a NaN.

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

37

<id>
x

<id>
y

UMin

Result is y if y < x; otherwise result is x, where x and y are interpreted as unsigned integers.

Result Type and the type of x and y must both be integer scalar or integer vector types. Result Type and operand types must have the same number of components with the same component width. Results are computed per component.

38

<id>
x

<id>
y

SMin

Result is y if y < x; otherwise result is x, where x and y are interpreted as signed integers.

Result Type and the type of x and y must both be integer scalar or integer vector types. Result Type and operand types must have the same number of components with the same component width. Results are computed per component.

39

<id>
x

<id>
y

FMax

Result is y if x < y; otherwise result is x. Which operand is the result is undefined if one of the operands is a NaN.

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

40

<id>
x

<id>
y

UMax

Result is y if x < y; otherwise result is x, where x and y are interpreted as unsigned integers.

Result Type and the type of x and y must both be integer scalar or integer vector types. Result Type and operand types must have the same number of components with the same component width. Results are computed per component.

41

<id>
x

<id>
y

SMax

Result is y if x < y; otherwise result is x, where x and y are interpreted as signed integers.

Result Type and the type of x and y must both be integer scalar or integer vector types. Result Type and operand types must have the same number of components with the same component width. Results are computed per component.

42

<id>
x

<id>
y

FClamp

Result is min(max(x, minVal), maxVal). Result is undefined if minVal > maxVal.The semantics used by min() and max() are those of FMin and FMax.

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

43

<id>
x

<id>
minVal

<id>
maxVal

UClamp

Result is min(max(x, minVal), maxVal), where x, minVal and maxVal are interpreted as unsigned integers. Result is undefined if minVal > maxVal.

Result Type and the type of the operands must both be integer scalar or integer vector types. Result Type and operand types must have the same number of components with the same component width. Results are computed per component.

44

<id>
x

<id>
minVal

<id>
maxVal

SClamp

Result is min(max(x, minVal), maxVal), where x, minVal and maxVal are interpreted as signed integers. Result is undefined if minVal > maxVal.

Result Type and the type of the operands must both be integer scalar or integer vector types. Result Type and operand types must have the same number of components with the same component width. Results are computed per component.

45

<id>
x

<id>
minVal

<id>
maxVal

FMix

Result is the linear blend of x and y, i.e., x * (1 - a) + y * a.

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

46

<id>
x

<id>
y

<id>
a

Step

Result is 0.0 if x < edge; otherwise result is 1.0.

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

48

<id>
edge

<id>
x

SmoothStep

Result is 0.0 if xedge0 and 1.0 if xedge1 and performs smooth Hermite interpolation between 0 and 1 when edge0 < x < edge1. This is equivalent to:

t * t * (3 - 2 * t), where t = clamp ((x - edge0) / (edge1 - edge0), 0, 1)

Result is undefined if edge0edge1.

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

49

<id>
edge0

<id>
edge1

<id>
x

Fma

Computes a * b + c. In uses where this operation is decorated with NoContraction:

- fma is considered a single operation, whereas the expression a * b + c is considered two operations.

- The precision of fma can differ from the precision of the expression a * b + c.

- fma will be computed with the same precision as any other fma decorated with NoContraction, giving invariant results for the same input values of a, b, and c.

Otherwise, in the absence of a NoContraction decoration, there are no special constraints on the number of operations or difference in precision between fma and the expression a * b +c.

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

50

<id>
a

<id>
b

<id>
c

Frexp

Splits x into a floating-point significand in the range [0.5, 1.0) and an integral exponent of two, such that:

x = significand * 2exponent

The significand is the result and the exponent is returned through the pointer-parameter exp. For a floating-point value of zero, the significand and exponent are both zero. For a floating-point value that is an infinity or is not a number, the result is undefined.

If an implementation supports negative 0, Frexp -0 should result in -0; otherwise it will result in 0.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

The exp operand must be a pointer to a scalar or vector with integer component type, with 32-bit component width. The number of components in x and what exp points to must be the same.

Result Type must be the same type as the type of x. Results are computed per component.

51

<id>
x

<id>
exp

FrexpStruct

Same semantics as in Frexp, except that the entire result is in the instruction’s result; there is not a pointer operand to write through.

Result Type must be an OpTypeStruct with two members. Member 0 must have the same type as the type of x. Member 0 holds the significand. Member 1 must be a scalar or vector with integer component type, with 32-bit component width. Member 1 holds exponent. These two members must have the same number of components. This structure type must be explicitly declared by the module.

52

<id>
x

Ldexp

Builds a floating-point number from x and the corresponding integral exponent of two in exp:

significand * 2exponent

If this product is too large to be represented in the floating-point type, the result is undefined. If exp is greater than +128 (single precision) or +1024 (double precision), the result undefined. If exp is less than -126 (single precision) or -1022 (double precision), the result may be flushed to zero. Additionally, splitting the value into a significand and exponent using frexp and then reconstructing a floating-point value using ldexp should yield the original input for zero and all finite non-denormalized values.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

The exp operand must be a scalar or vector with integer component type. The number of components in x and exp must be the same.

Result Type must be the same type as the type of x. Results are computed per component.

53

<id>
x

<id>
exp

PackSnorm4x8

First, converts each component of the normalized floating-point value v into 8-bit integer values. These are then packed into the result.

The conversion for component c of v to fixed point is done as follows:

round(clamp(c, -1, +1) * 127.0)

The first component of the vector will be written to the least significant bits of the output; the last component will be written to the most significant bits.

The v operand must be a vector of 4 components whose type is a 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type must be a 32-bit integer type.

54

<id>
v

PackUnorm4x8

First, converts each component of the normalized floating-point value v into 8-bit integer values. These are then packed into the result.

The conversion for component c of v to fixed point is done as follows:

round(clamp(c, 0, +1) * 255.0)

The first component of the vector will be written to the least significant bits of the output; the last component will be written to the most significant bits.

The v operand must be a vector of 4 components whose type is a 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type must be a 32-bit integer type.

55

<id>
v

PackSnorm2x16

First, converts each component of the normalized floating-point value v into 16-bit integer values. These are then packed into the result.

The conversion for component c of v to fixed point is done as follows:

round(clamp(c, -1, +1) * 32767.0)

The first component of the vector will be written to the least significant bits of the output; the last component will be written to the most significant bits.

The v operand must be a vector of 2 components whose type is a 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type must be a 32-bit integer type.

56

<id>
v

PackUnorm2x16

First, converts each component of the normalized floating-point value v into 16-bit integer values. These are then packed into the result.

The conversion for component c of v to fixed point is done as follows:

round(clamp(c, 0, +1) * 65535.0)

The first component of the vector will be written to the least significant bits of the output; the last component will be written to the most significant bits.

The v operand must be a vector of 2 components whose type is a 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type must be a 32-bit integer type.

57

<id>
v

PackHalf2x16

Result is the unsigned integer obtained by converting the components of a two-component floating-point vector to the 16-bit OpTypeFloat, and then packing these two 16-bit integers into a 32-bit unsigned integer. The first vector component specifies the 16 least-significant bits of the result; the second component specifies the 16 most-significant bits.

The v operand must be a vector of 2 components whose type is a 32-bit floating-point.

Result Type must be a 32-bit integer type.

58

<id>
v

PackDouble2x32

Result is the double-precision value obtained by packing the components of v into a 64-bit value. If an IEEE 754 Inf or NaN is created, it will not signal, and the resulting floating-point value is unspecified. Otherwise, the bit-level representation of v is preserved. The first vector component specifies the 32 least significant bits; the second component specifies the 32 most significant bits.

The v operand must be a vector of 2 components whose type is a 32-bit integer.

Result Type must be a 64-bit floating-point scalar.

Use of this instruction requires declaration of the Float64 capability.

59

<id>
v

UnpackSnorm2x16

First, unpacks a single 32-bit unsigned integer p into a pair of 16-bit signed integers. Then, each component is converted to a normalized floating-point value to generate the result. The conversion for unpacked fixed-point value f to floating point is done as follows:

clamp(f / 32767.0, -1, +1)

The first component of the result will be extracted from the least significant bits of the input; the last component will be extracted from the most significant bits.

The p operand must be a scalar with 32-bit integer type.

Result Type must be a vector of 2 components whose type is 32-bit floating point.

60

<id>
p

UnpackUnorm2x16

First, unpacks a single 32-bit unsigned integer p into a pair of 16-bit unsigned integers. Then, each component is converted to a normalized floating-point value to generate the result. The conversion for unpacked fixed-point value f to floating point is done as follows:

f / 65535.0

The first component of the result will be extracted from the least significant bits of the input; the last component will be extracted from the most significant bits.

The p operand must be a scalar with 32-bit integer type.

Result Type must be a vector of 2 components whose type is 32-bit floating point.

61

<id>
p

UnpackHalf2x16

Result is the two-component floating-point vector with components obtained by unpacking a 32-bit unsigned integer into a pair of 16-bit values, interpreting those values as 16-bit floating-point numbers according to the OpenGL Specification, and converting them to 32-bit floating-point values. Subnormal numbers are either preserved or flushed to zero, consistently within an implemenation.

The first component of the vector is obtained from the 16 least-significant bits of v; the second component is obtained from the 16 most-significant bits of v.

The v operand must be a scalar with 32-bit integer type.

Result Type must be a vector of 2 components whose type is 32-bit floating point.

62

<id>
v

UnpackSnorm4x8

First, unpacks a single 32-bit unsigned integer p into four 8-bit signed integers. Then, each component is converted to a normalized floating-point value to generate the result. The conversion for unpacked fixed-point value f to floating point is done as follows:

clamp(f / 127.0, -1, +1)

The first component of the result will be extracted from the least significant bits of the input; the last component will be extracted from the most significant bits.

The p operand must be a scalar with 32-bit integer type.

Result Type must be a vector of 4 components whose type is 32-bit floating point.

63

<id>
p

UnpackUnorm4x8

First, unpacks a single 32-bit unsigned integer p into four 8-bit unsigned integers. Then, each component is converted to a normalized floating-point value to generate the result. The conversion for unpacked fixed-point value f to floating point is done as follows:

f / 255.0

The first component of the result will be extracted from the least significant bits of the input; the last component will be extracted from the most significant bits.

The p operand must be a scalar with 32-bit integer type.

Result Type must be a vector of 4 components whose type is 32-bit floating point.

64

<id>
p

UnpackDouble2x32

Result is the two-component unsigned integer vector representation of v. The bit-level representation of v is preserved. The first component of the vector contains the 32 least significant bits of the double; the second component consists of the 32 most significant bits.

The v operand must be a scalar whose type is 64-bit floating point.

Result Type must be a vector of 2 components whose type is a 32-bit integer.

Use of this instruction requires declaration of the Float64 capability.

65

<id>
v

Length

Result is the length of vector x, i.e., sqrt(x [0] 2 + x [1] 2 + …).

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type must be a scalar of the same type as the component type of x.

66

<id>
x

Distance

Result is the distance between p0 and p1, i.e., length(p0 - p1).

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type must be a scalar of the same type as the component type of the operands.

67

<id>
p0

<id>
p1

Cross

Result is the cross product of x and y, i.e., the resulting components are, in order:

x[1] * y[2] - y[1] * x[2]

x[2] * y[0] - y[2] * x[0]

x[0] * y[1] - y[0] * x[1]

All the operands must be vectors of 3 components of a floating-point type.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type.

68

<id>
x

<id>
y

Normalize

Result is the vector in the same direction as x but with a length of 1.

The operand x must be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of x must be the same type.

69

<id>
x

FaceForward

If the dot product of Nref and I is negative, the result is N, otherwise it is -N.

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type.

70

<id>
N

<id>
I

<id>
Nref

Reflect

For the incident vector I and surface orientation N, the result is the reflection direction:

I - 2 * dot(N, I) * N

N must already be normalized in order to achieve the desired result.

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type.

71

<id>
I

<id>
N

Refract

For the incident vector I and surface normal N, and the ratio of indices of refraction eta, the result is the refraction vector. The result is computed by

k = 1.0 - eta * eta * (1.0 - dot(N, I) * dot(N, I))

if k < 0.0 the result is 0.0

otherwise, the result is eta * I - (eta * dot(N, I) + sqrt(k)) * N

The input parameters for the incident vector I and the surface normal N must already be normalized to get the desired results.

The type of I and N must be a scalar or vector with a floating-point component type.

The type of eta must be a 16-bit or 32-bit floating-point scalar.

Result Type, the type of I, and the type of N must all be the same type.

72

<id>
I

<id>
N

<id>
eta

FindILsb

Integer least-significant bit.

Results in the bit number of the least-significant 1-bit in the binary representation of Value. If Value is 0, the result is -1.

Result Type and the type of Value must both be integer scalar or integer vector types. Result Type and operand types must have the same number of components with the same component width. Results are computed per component.

73

<id>
Value

FindSMsb

Signed-integer most-significant bit, with Value interpreted as a signed integer.

For positive numbers, the result will be the bit number of the most significant 1-bit. For negative numbers, the result will be the bit number of the most significant 0-bit. For a Value of 0 or -1, the result is -1.

Result Type and the type of Value must both be integer scalar or integer vector types. Result Type and operand types must have the same number of components with the same component width. Results are computed per component.

This instruction is currently limited to 32-bit width components.

74

<id>
Value

FindUMsb

Unsigned-integer most-significant bit.

Results in the bit number of the most-significant 1-bit in the binary representation of Value. If Value is 0, the result is -1.

Result Type and the type of Value must both be integer scalar or integer vector types. Result Type and operand types must have the same number of components with the same component width. Results are computed per component.

This instruction is currently limited to 32-bit width components.

75

<id>
Value

InterpolateAtCentroid

Result is the value of the input interpolant sampled at a location inside both the pixel and the primitive being processed. The value obtained would be the same value assigned to the input variable if it were decorated as Centroid.

The operand interpolant must be a pointer to the Input Storage Class.

The operand interpolant must be a pointer to a scalar or vector whose component type is 32-bit floating-point.

This instruction is only valid in the Fragment execution model.

Result Type and the type of interpolant must be the same type.

Use of this instruction requires declaration of the InterpolationFunction capability.

76

<id>
interpolant

InterpolateAtSample

Result is the value of the input interpolant variable at the location of sample number sample. If multisample buffers are not available, the input variable will be evaluated at the center of the pixel. If sample sample does not exist, the position used to interpolate the input variable is undefined.

The operand interpolant must be a pointer to the Input Storage Class.

The operand interpolant must be a pointer to a scalar or vector whose component type is 32-bit floating-point.

This instruction is only valid in the Fragment execution model.

The sample operand must be a scalar 32-bit integer.

Result Type and the type of interpolant must be the same type.

Use of this instruction requires declaration of the InterpolationFunction capability.

77

<id>
interpolant

<id>
sample

InterpolateAtOffset

Result is the value of the input interpolant variable sampled at an offset from the center of the pixel specified by offset. The two floating-point components of offset, give the offset in pixels in the x and y directions, respectively. An offset of (0, 0) identifies the center of the pixel. The range and granularity of offsets supported are implementation-dependent.

The operand interpolant must be a pointer to the Input Storage Class.

The operand interpolant must be a pointer to a scalar or vector whose component type is 32-bit floating-point.

This instruction is only valid in the Fragment execution model.

The offset operand must be a vector of 2 components of 32-bit floating-point type.

Result Type and the type of interpolant must be the same type.

Use of this instruction requires declaration of the InterpolationFunction capability.

78

<id>
interpolant

<id>
offset

NMin

Result is y if y < x; otherwise result is x. If one operand is a NaN, the other operand is the result. If both operands are NaN, the result is a NaN.

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

79

<id>
x

<id>
y

NMax

Result is y if x < y; otherwise result is x. If one operand is a NaN, the other operand is the result. If both operands are NaN, the result is a NaN.

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

80

<id>
x

<id>
y

NClamp

Result is min(max(x, minVal), maxVal). Result is undefined if minVal > maxVal.The semantics used by min() and max() are those of NMin and NMax.

The operands must all be a scalar or vector whose component type is floating-point.

Result Type and the type of all operands must be the same type. Results are computed per component.

81

<id>
x

<id>
minVal

<id>
maxVal

3. Appendix A: Changes

3.1. Changes from Version 0.99, Revision 1

  • Fork the revision stream, changes section, etc. from the core specification, so this specification has its own, starting numbering at revision 1. This document now lives independently.

  • Added integer versions of abs, sign, min, max, and clamp.

  • Removed floatBitsToInt, floatBitsToUint, intBitsToFloat, and uintBitsToFloat; these can be handled with OpBitcast.

  • Removed fTransform, not needed.

  • Fixed internal bugs

    • 13721: Add OpTypeStruct-result versions of Modf and Frexp: ModfStruct and FrexpStruct.

  • Fixed public bugs

    • 1322: GLSL.std.450 frexp wasn’t saying the exp argument was a pointer to the result

3.2. Changes from Version 0.99, Revision 2

  • Moved AddCarry, SubBorrow, and MulExtended type of instructions to the core specification.

  • Added integer variant of Mix, creating FMix and IMix (14480).

  • Modified spellings to be more regular (14614).

3.3. Changes from Version 0.99, Revision 3

  • Add "N" version of Min, Max, and Clamp, creating a version that favors non-NaN operands over NaN operands.

  • Bug 15452 Remove IMix.

  • Bug 15300 Be more consistent that the InterpolateAt instructions take a pointer.

  • Bug 14548 Document the Capability needed for Double2x32 and InterpolateAt instructions.

3.4. Changes from Version 1.00, Revision 1

  • Bug 14548 Document the Capability needed for UnpackDouble2x32.

3.5. Changes from Version 1.00, Revision 2

  • Change precise to NoContraction

3.6. Changes from Version 1.00, Revision 3

  • Allow both 16-bit and 32-bit floating-point types in most places where before only 32-bit floating-point types were allowed. This does not effect whether 16-bit floating point types are allowed, which is selected independently. Since 16-bit types were historically disallowed, this is a backward compatible change.

  • Fix Khronos internal issue #109: be more clear for NMin/NMax: If both operands are NaN, the result is a NaN.

3.7. Changes from Version 1.00, Revision 4

  • Be clear about UnpackHalf2x16 denorm rules.