## Description

bool atomic_compare_exchange_strong(
volatile A *object,
C *expected, C desired)

bool atomic_compare_exchange_strong_explicit(
volatile A *object,
C *expected,
C desired,
memory_order success,
memory_order failure)

bool atomic_compare_exchange_strong_explicit(
volatile A *object,
C *expected,
C desired,
memory_order success,
memory_order failure,
memory_scope scope)

bool atomic_compare_exchange_weak(
volatile A *object,
C *expected, C desired)

bool atomic_compare_exchange_weak_explicit(
volatile A *object,
C *expected,
C desired,
memory_order success,
memory_order failure)

bool atomic_compare_exchange_weak_explicit(
volatile A *object,
C *expected,
C desired,
memory_order success,
memory_order failure,
memory_scope scope)

The failure argument shall not be memory_order_release nor memory_order_acq_rel. The failure argument shall be no stronger than the success argument. Atomically, compares the value pointed to by object for equality with that in expected, and if true, replaces the value pointed to by object with desired, and if false, updates the value in expected with the value pointed to by object. Further, if the comparison is true, memory is affected according to the value of success, and if the comparison is false, memory is affected according to the value of failure. If the comparison is true, these operations are atomic read-modify-write operations (as defined by section 5.1.2.4 of the C11 Specification). Otherwise, these operations are atomic load operations.

 The effect of the compare-and-exchange operations is if (memcmp(object, expected, sizeof(*object) == 0) memcpy(object, &desired, sizeof(*object)); else memcpy(expected, object, sizeof(*object));

The weak compare-and-exchange operations may fail spuriously48. That is, even when the contents of memory referred to by expected and object are equal, it may return zero and store back to expected the same memory contents that were originally there.

[48] This spurious failure enables implementation of compare-and-exchange on a broader class of machines, e.g. load-locked store-conditional machines.

These generic functions return the result of the comparison.