Thread: move camera with keyboard function

1. move camera with keyboard function

Hello! I have two cubes rotating here, and I additionally want to move my camera on a sphere to watch this from different angles. I use keyboard function, but camera doesn't move. I don't know what's wrong... My code is this:

Code :
```#include <stdio.h>

#include <stdlib.h>

#include <glut.h>

#include <math.h>

#define pi 3.14159265

typedef GLfloat point3d[3];

point3d p0={-1,-1,-13}, p1={1,-1,-13}, p2={-1,1,-13}, p3={1,1,-13};

point3d p4={-1,-1,-15}, p5={1,-1,-15}, p6={-1,1,-15}, p7={1,1,-15};

point3d p20={1,1,-13}, p21={1.5,1,-13}, p22={1,1.5,-13}, p23={1.5,1.5,-13};

point3d p24={1,1,-14}, p25={1.5,1,-14}, p26={1,1.5,-14}, p27={1.5,1.5,-14};

int delay=100, angle; //delay in msec

float xe=0., ye=0., ze=0., a=0., b=0., c=0., move=20.;

void InitWindow()

{

GLfloat ambientLight[] = {0.3, 0.3, 0.3, 1};//ambient grey light

GLfloat diffuseLight[] = {0.7, 0.7, 0.7, 1};//diffuse white light

GLfloat lightPos[] = {1, 1, -12, 1};

//ENABLE SPECULAR LIGHT

//GLfloat specularLight[] = {0.8, 0.8, 0.8, 1};

//GLfloat specref[] = {1, 1, 1, 1};//full reflectance

//GLfloat spotDir[]={0, 0, -14};

//glLightfv(GL_LIGHT0,GL_SPECULAR,specularLight);

//glLightfv(GL_LIGHT0,GL_SPOT_DIRECTION, spotDir);

//glLightf(GL_LIGHT0,GL_SPOT_CUTOFF,15);

//glMaterialfv(GL_FRONT_AND_BACK, GL_SPECULAR,specref);

//glMateriali(GL_FRONT,GL_SHININESS,128);

glLightfv(GL_LIGHT0,GL_AMBIENT,ambientLight);

glLightfv(GL_LIGHT0,GL_DIFFUSE,diffuseLight);

glLightfv(GL_LIGHT0, GL_POSITION, lightPos);

glEnable(GL_LIGHTING);

glEnable(GL_LIGHT0);

glEnable(GL_DEPTH_TEST);

glEnable(GL_COLOR_MATERIAL);

glColorMaterial(GL_FRONT,GL_AMBIENT_AND_DIFFUSE);

glClearColor(0.,0.,40./255.,0); //blue sky

glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION);

glFrustum(-2,2,-2,2,10,15000);

//    glOrtho(-4,5,-3,5,-13,15000);

glMatrixMode(GL_MODELVIEW);

}

void Stars()

{

float c,d;

glLoadIdentity();

srand(1);

glEnable(GL_POINT_SMOOTH);

glColor3f(1.,1.,0.);

glPointSize(1);

glBegin(GL_POINTS);

for (int i=1;i<=1000;i++){

c=200*rand()/RAND_MAX-100;

d=200*rand()/RAND_MAX-100;

glVertex3i(c,d,-300);

}

glEnd();

glPointSize(4);

glBegin(GL_POINTS);

for (int i=1;i<=100;i++){

c=200*rand()/RAND_MAX-100;

d=200*rand()/RAND_MAX-100;

glVertex3i(c,d,-300);

}

glEnd();

glPointSize(8);

glBegin(GL_POINTS);

for (int i=1;i<=10;i++){

c=200*rand()/RAND_MAX-100;

d=200*rand()/RAND_MAX-100;

glVertex3i(c,d,-300);

}

glEnd();

}

void Cubes()

{

glBegin(GL_QUADS);

glColor3f(0.3,0.3,0.9);//blue

glVertex3fv(p0); glVertex3fv(p1); glVertex3fv(p3); glVertex3fv(p2); //front

glColor3f(0.1,0.6,0.9);

glVertex3fv(p1); glVertex3fv(p5); glVertex3fv(p7); glVertex3fv(p3); //right

glColor3f(0,0.3,0.9);

glVertex3fv(p5); glVertex3fv(p4); glVertex3fv(p6); glVertex3fv(p7); //back

glColor3f(0.3,0,0.9);

glVertex3fv(p4); glVertex3fv(p0); glVertex3fv(p2); glVertex3fv(p6); //left

glColor3f(0.3,0.3,0);

glVertex3fv(p2); glVertex3fv(p3); glVertex3fv(p7); glVertex3fv(p6); //top

glColor3f(1,0.3,1);

glVertex3fv(p1); glVertex3fv(p0); glVertex3fv(p4); glVertex3fv(p5); //bottom

glEnd();

glBegin(GL_QUADS);

glColor3f(0.3,0.3,0.9);//blue

glVertex3fv(p20); glVertex3fv(p21); glVertex3fv(p23); glVertex3fv(p22); //front

glColor3f(0.1,0.6,0.9);

glVertex3fv(p21); glVertex3fv(p25); glVertex3fv(p27); glVertex3fv(p23); //right

glColor3f(0,0.3,0.9);

glVertex3fv(p25); glVertex3fv(p24); glVertex3fv(p26); glVertex3fv(p27); //back

glColor3f(0.3,0,0.9);

glVertex3fv(p24); glVertex3fv(p20); glVertex3fv(p22); glVertex3fv(p26); //left

glColor3f(0.3,0.3,0);

glVertex3fv(p22); glVertex3fv(p23); glVertex3fv(p27); glVertex3fv(p26); //top

glColor3f(1,0.3,1);

glVertex3fv(p21); glVertex3fv(p20); glVertex3fv(p24); glVertex3fv(p25); //bottom

glEnd();

}

void Display(void)

{

glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | GL_DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT);

glLoadIdentity();

glPushMatrix();

Stars();

glPopMatrix();

xe=(cos(c*pi/180.)*cos(b*pi/180.)*cos(a*pi/180.)-sin(c*pi/180.)*sin(a*pi/180.))*xe+(cos(c*pi/180.)*cos(b*pi/180.)*sin(a*pi/180.)+sin(c*pi/180.)*cos(a*pi/180.))*ye-cos(c*pi/180.)*sin(b*pi/180.)*ze;

ye=-(sin(c*pi/180.)*cos(b*pi/180.)*cos(a*pi/180.)-cos(c*pi/180.)*sin(a*pi/180.))*xe+(-sin(c*pi/180.)*cos(b*pi/180.)*sin(a*pi/180.)+cos(c*pi/180.)*cos(a*pi/180.))*ye+sin(c*pi/180.)*sin(b*pi/180.)*ze;

ze=sin(b*pi/180.)*cos(a*pi/180.)*xe+sin(b*pi/180.)*sin(a*pi/180.)*ye+cos(b*pi/180.)*ze;

gluLookAt(xe,ye,ze,0,0,-14,0,1,0);// (0,1,0) the angle of the camera,(xe,ye,ze) the camera,(0,0,-14) the focus point

glTranslatef(0,0,-14);

glRotatef(angle,0,1,0);

glTranslatef(0,0,14);

Cubes();

glutSwapBuffers();

}

void Camera(unsigned char key, int x, int y)

{

//    float move=20.;

switch(key){

case 'q': a+=move; break;

case 'w': a-=move; break;

case 'a': b+=move; break;

case 's': b-=move; break;

case 'z': c+=move; break;

case 'x': c-=move; break;

case '0': a=0.; b=0.; c=0.; //go to the initial state

}

if(key==27) exit(0); //turn off camera

glutPostRedisplay();

}

void Rotate(int n) // the glutTimerFunc

{

n++;

angle+=5;

glutPostRedisplay();

glutTimerFunc(delay,Rotate,n);

}

void main(int argc, char **argv)

{

glutInit(&argc, argv);

glutInitDisplayMode(GLUT_DOUBLE|GLUT_RGB|GLUT_DEPTH);

glutInitWindowPosition(200,100);

glutInitWindowSize(400,400);

glutCreateWindow("3D-cubes rotating in space and hit by light");

InitWindow();

glutDisplayFunc(Display);

glutTimerFunc(delay,Rotate,0);

glutKeyboardFunc(Camera);

glutMainLoop();

}```

Thank you for helping

2. Re: move camera with keyboard function

Your code is regular OpenGL and not OpenGL ES, but I think you need to switch the matrix mode back to GL_PROJECTION mode before you call gluLookAt().

Try adding this before the gluLookat() call:

glMatrixMode(GL_PROJECTION);

Regards, Clay

3. Re: move camera with keyboard function

Thank you for helping. I tried it but it doesn't work... I think there is problem because I'm using Euler angles to rotate the object, but I'm not sure this is the reason.

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